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Urban Poverty Slums and Service Delivery System

Urban Poverty Slums and Service Delivery System

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Published by Jan Goossenaerts
Original at http://planningcommission.nic.in/aboutus/committee/wrkgrp12/hud/wg_Final_Urb_Pvt.pdf

This is the report of the Working Group on Urban Poverty, Slums, and Service Delivery system to the Steering Committee on Urbanization Planning Commission, New Delhi.The aim of the working group is To critically evaluate the progress achieved under 11th Five year Plan in addressing urban poverty and rehabilitation of slums and set the goal to be achieved in 12th plan period; To suggest measures for improving the urban employment opportunities; To suggest road map for ensuring service level benchmarking in all projects so that to shift to an outcome based approach that is based on service levels rather than an approach that focuses only on outputs and assets creation could take place; To suggest measures for rehabilitation of existing slums and prevention of new slums; To suggest measures for incentivizing cost saving innovations in providing affordable housing; To estimate the financial outlays required for achieving these goals.
Original at http://planningcommission.nic.in/aboutus/committee/wrkgrp12/hud/wg_Final_Urb_Pvt.pdf

This is the report of the Working Group on Urban Poverty, Slums, and Service Delivery system to the Steering Committee on Urbanization Planning Commission, New Delhi.The aim of the working group is To critically evaluate the progress achieved under 11th Five year Plan in addressing urban poverty and rehabilitation of slums and set the goal to be achieved in 12th plan period; To suggest measures for improving the urban employment opportunities; To suggest road map for ensuring service level benchmarking in all projects so that to shift to an outcome based approach that is based on service levels rather than an approach that focuses only on outputs and assets creation could take place; To suggest measures for rehabilitation of existing slums and prevention of new slums; To suggest measures for incentivizing cost saving innovations in providing affordable housing; To estimate the financial outlays required for achieving these goals.

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Published by: Jan Goossenaerts on Apr 11, 2012
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12/17/2013

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REPORT OF THEWORKING GROUP ON URBAN POVERTY,SLUMS, AND SERIVCE DELIVERY SYSTEM
 
Steering Committee on UrbanizationPlanning Commission, New Delhi
3 October, 2011
 
 
 
CONTENTS
Contents iList of Tables and Graphs iiPreface iii 
1 The Urban Context 1
India’s growing urban presence and urban poverty 1
 2 Existing Approaches to Urban Poverty Alleviation 18
Swarna Jayanti Shahari Rozgar Yojana (SJSRY) 18Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (BSUP & IHSDP) 21Rajiv Awas Yojana 24Issues regarding the measurement of urban poverty and theidentification of the urban poor 26 
 3 Proposed initiatives for the12th Five Year Plan 30
Targeting vulnerabilities for urban poverty alleviation: National UrbanPoverty Alleviation Mission (NUPAM)35Sub-mission I: Rajiv Awas Yojana (RAY) for affordable housing and basic services: Residential Vulnerability36 Sub-mission II: National Urban Livelihood Programme (NULP):Occupational vulnerability)42Sub-mission III: National Urban Social Assistance Programme(NUSAP): Social Vulnerability45
 4 Long Term Vision of Inclusive Urban Development 49
Wider Implications for the 12
th
Five Year Plan Beyond the TOR of theWorking Group50  References 53Tables 59Annexures Annex 1 Thrust areas for housing and urban poverty alleviation through the Five year Plans66  Annex 2 Reducing Poverty in Urban India: Existing Approaches of the CentralGovernment 73 Annex 3 Reducing Poverty in urban India: Select State-level approaches 83 Annex 4 Plan-wise Review of allocation to the Ministry of Housing and UrbanPoverty Alleviation and Ministry of Rural Development 87  Annex 5 Official Estimation of poverty and Identification of the poor 89
 
i.
 
 LIST OF TABLES AND GRAPHS
 List of Graphs
Graph 1 Urban population in India (1951-2011) 2Graph 2 Trends in urban poverty 3Graph 3 Headcount ratios poverty 4Graph 4 Usual status of non-farm workers (%) in the informal sector in urbanareas (1999-2000 to 2004-2005)10Graph 5 Access of the urban poor to drinking water and sanitation services (%)(2005-06)12Graph 6 Percentage distribution of slums by location (All-India) (2008-09) 13Graph 7 National Urban Poverty Alleviation Mission (NUPAM): Targetingvulnerabilities for urban poverty alleviation35Graph 8 Financing urban expenditure (source HPEC report) 52
 List of Tables
Table 1 Percentage change in numbers of the poor over time 3Table 2 Share of the urban poor in the total 3Table 3 Annual average rate of decline in the headcount ratios of the poor 4Table 4 Poverty and Inequality 4Table 5 Monthly Per capita Expenditure (MPCE) change between 1993-94 and 2004-055Table 6 Distribution of the urban poor-state-wise percentage Table 7 Distribution of Slum Population in cities and different size groups Table 8 Number of Years Household have been living in slums 8
ii

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