MINING AND METALLURGICAL ENGINEERS
Technical Publication No.
CONCENTRATION,O. 58; C~aaaC, IRON
INVITED. It should preferably be presented by the, con-tributor in person at the New York Meeting Februa 1937 when an abstract cf the paper wlll beread. If thls is impossible, discussion in writ'ing mayTe aent' to the Secretary, American Institute ofMining and Metallurgical Engineers. 29
39th Street, New York, N. Y. Unlesa special arrange-ment is made, diacussion of thia paper will close April
1937. Any discussion offeredthereafter shouldpreferably be in the form of a new paper.
First Magnetic Roasting Plant in Lake Superior Region*
(New York Meeting. February, 1937)
the tonnage of merchantable iron ore remaining in the LakeSuperior district is divided by the average of the annual shipments for thepast
years, it will be found that this ore supply will be exhausted inapproximately
years.This computed exhaustion period would be anindication of the future activities of the iron-mining industry if it were notfor the fact that merchantable ore is being manufactured from low-gradeore, of which there is an almost inexhaustible supply in the Lake Superiordistrict.
is true that at present only the simplest of these low-gradeores are being concentrated to any considerable extent, but progress isbeing made with the treatment of the more complex ores, and now, inaddition to
washing plants on the Mesabi Range, three plants areequipped with jigs for the treatment of ore that cannot be concentratedsimply by washing. The latest addition to the ore-treating plants of the~esabiange is a magnetic roasting and concentration plant at Cooley.,Minn., in which ore that cannot be concentrated either by washing orby jigging is roasted to the magnetic state and concentrated on magneticseparators.This plant is beginning its third season of operation, andwhile it is too soon to make definite predictions, there are strong indica-tions that this new process may make commercially possible the manu-facture of high-grade, merchantable iron ore from large quantities oflow-grade ore now considered worthless.After the iron oxide contained in an ore has been converted to mag-netite, almost any desired grade of concentrate can be produced, usingmagnetic-concentration equipment of the types now in general use forthe concentration of the natural magnetites of New York, New Jerseyand Pennsylvania. The conversion of hematite (Fe203) to magnetite(Fe304) s easily accomplidhed by heating the ore to a dull red tempera-ture in a reducing atmosphere. The reaction is slightly endothermic, andwhile it requires
B.t.u. to heat to
F. one pound of hematite orecontaining
per cent Fe, it requires only
B.t.u. to convert theoxide into magnetite.In the laboratory, using small quantities of ore,this conve~sions very simple, but large furnaces suitable for commercial
*This paper was issued as a
to the Milling Methods Com-mittee in November. In order not to confuse references to the paper, the page num-bers of the original T.
have been retained, making the paper begin here on page
Manuscript received at the office of the Institute July
Superintendent, Mines Experiment Station, University of Minnesota, Min-neapolis, Minn.
Copyright, 1936, by the American Institute of Mining and Metallurgical Engineers. Inc.Printed in U.
A.METALB ECANOLOQYDecember. 1936