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Organizational Behavior Assignment

Organizational Behavior Assignment

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Published by Muhammad Nazir

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Published by: Muhammad Nazir on Apr 11, 2012
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Organizational Behavior Assignment# 1
Q#1 Explain organizational behavior. How does organizational behaviorrelate to, or differ from, organizational development as well as Humanresource management?Definition
 Actions and attitudes of individuals and groups toward one another and toward the organization as a whole, and its effect on the organization's functioning and performance.Organizational Behavior is the study of individuals and their behavior within the context of the organization in a workplace setting. It is an interdisciplinary field that includes sociology, psychology, communication and management. Academic field of study concerned with human behavior in organizations; also called organizational psychology. It covers topics such as motivation, group dynamics,leadership, organization structure, decision making, careers, conflict resolution, and organizational development . When this subject is taught in busi- ness schools, it is called organizational behavior; when it is taught in psychology departments, it is called organizational psychology.
Organizational development (OD) is a planned, ongoing effort by organizations to change in order to become more effective. The need for organizational change becomes apparent when a gap exists between what an organization is trying to do and what is actually being accomplished. OD processes include using a knowledge of behavioral science to encourage an organizational culture of continual examination and readiness for change. In that culture, emphasis is placed on interpersonal and group processes. The fact that OD links human processes such as leadership, decision making, and communication with organizational outcomes such as productivity and efficiency distinguishes it from other change strategies that may 
Muhammad Faisal Khan Roll No: AH 525552 mfaisalk@hotmail.comOrganizational Behavior Assignment# 1
rely solely on the principles of accounting or finance.
The fact that OD is planned distinguishes it from the routine changes that occur in the organization, particularly through a more effective and collaborative management or organization culture with special emphasis on forming work teams. The focus on interpersonal and group processes to improve performance recognizes that organizational change affects all members and that their cooperation is necessary to implement change.The forces compelling an organization to change can be found both inside and outside the organization. Internal forces toward change can affect changes in job technology, composition of the work force, organization structure, organizational culture, and goals of the organization. There are a variety of external forces that may require managerial action: changes in market conditions, changes in manufacturing technology, changes in laws governing current products or practices, and changes in resource availability. An organization can focus OD change efforts in several areas: changes to structure,technology, and people using a variety of strategies for development. Some of the more common techniques for changing an organization's structure include changes in work design to permit more specialization or enrichment, clarification of  job descriptions and job expectations, increase or decrease of the span of control,modification of policies or procedures, and changes in the power or authority structure. Another general approach to planned change involves modifications in the technology used as tools to accomplish work. The assumption behind enhancing technology is that improved technology or work methods will lead to more efficient operations, increased productivity, or improved working conditions. Examples of technological approaches to change include changing processes for doing work,introducing or updating computers or software, and modifying production methods.The third general approach to change focuses on the people in the organization.This approach is intended to improve employee skills, attitudes, or motivation and can take many forms, such as introducing training programs to enhance work skills,increasing communication effectiveness, developing decision-making skills, or modifying attitudes to increase work motivation.
Muhammad Faisal Khan Roll No: AH 525552 mfaisalk@hotmail.comOrganizational Behavior Assignment# 1
Organizational Behavior & Human Resource ManagementInteraction.
Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management focuses 
on the “people” side of business. You’ll learn how to work with the hiring process,
 monitoring performance and job satisfaction and overall employee relations among other tasks. This is a great field if you like variety! 
. At the University of Michigan 
Flint you will not only receive an excellent business education, but a strong liberal arts background as well! Employers seek out potential employees with varied experience and a broad knowledge base, especially in management.
. Get real world experience! The School of Management coordinates an internship program for students looking to gain relevant work experiences and to add an important line to their resume. Internships also provide networking opportunities that are extremely valuable in the job search process.
Practical Application
. Students in the Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management major will complete projects in each of their higher level courses to build their portfolio. Not only will this provide valuable practical experience, but a portfolio is a valuable asset to have in the job interview process.
. Get involved outside of the classroom. The University of Michigan 
 Flint boasts an active student life with an organization to match up with any of your interests. Boost your resume with the Society for Human Resource Management,while meeting new friends and making valuable networking contacts.
Q. 2 (a)Discuss personality in relation to management? Explain the factorsaffecting development of personality.
Muhammad Faisal Khan Roll No: AH 525552 mfaisalk@hotmail.comOrganizational Behavior Assignment# 1
(b)Discuss the nature and importance of perception in relation toadministration, with example.
 Although you may be doing well but 
personality development
implies continually 

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