Computational Fluid Dynamics
Computational Fluid Dynamics or simply CFD is concerned withobtaining numerical solution to fluid flow problems by using computers. Theadvent of high-speed and large-memory computers has enabled CFD to obtainsolutions to many flow problems including those that are compressible orincompressible, laminar or turbulent, chemically reacting or non-reacting.CFD is the
of replacing the differential equation governing the Fluid Flow, witha set of algebraic equations (the process is called discretization), which in turn canbe solved with the aid of a digital computer to get an
1. CFD - A Brief Review
Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) provides a good example of the many areas thata scientific computing project can touch on, and its relationship to Computer Science.Solving a particular problem generally involves first discretizing the physical domainthat the flow occurs in, such as the interior of turbine engine or the radiator system of acar.Once the solution is found, analyzing, validating, and presenting it calls into playvisualization and graphics techniques. Those techniques are useful for more than justviewing the computed flow field. Visualization can help with understanding the natureof the problem, the interaction of algorithms with the computer architecture, performance analysis of the code.Pumping applications involving cooling water have been especially difficult to solve because of the presence of dissolved air inherent in a cooling tower sump.Water that contains large amounts of dissolved air changes the apparent required net positive suction head (NPSH). In such applications, traditional correction techniquesfailed because the entire system was not analyzed and the source of the noise generationcould not be pinpointed.The description tells that the steps taken to solve this type of problem throughcomputational fluid dynamics (CFD) and recounts the results.