of patients suffering from malaria and yellow fever. A close ancestor to the modern airconditioner units was first made in 1902 by an American engineer by the name of WillisCarrier. The machine at that time was called "Apparatus for Treating Air" and was built10for the Sackett-Wilhelms Lithographing and Publishing Co. in Brooklyn, New York.Chilled coils were used in the machine to cool air and lower humidity to 55%, althoughthe apparatus was made with enough precision that the humidity level desired wasadjustable.After the invention by Carrier, air conditioners began to bloom. They first hit theindustrial buildings such as printing plants, textile mills, pharmaceutical manufacturers,and a few hospitals. The first air-conditioned home was that of Charles Gates, son ofgambler John "Bet a Million" Gates, in Minneapolis in 1914. However, during the firstwave of their installation, Carrier's air conditioner units were large, expensive, anddangerous due to the toxic ammonia that was used as coolant. In 1922, Carrier had twobreakthroughs - he replaced the ammonia with the benign coolant dielene and added acentral compressor to reduce the size of the unit. Today, air conditioners have beensaid tobe a partial cause for the changes in the South, and for most of us who haveexperiencedits cooling benefits in times of searing heat waves, it is an invention that is hard to livewithout.
History of Geyser Industry:
In the 1870s, Englishmen, Maughan invented the first instant waterheater. Little is known about Maughan's invention; however, his invention influenced thedesigns of Edwin Ruud.Edwin Ruud, a Norwegian mechanical engineer was theinventor of the automatic storage water heater in 1889. Ruud immigrated to Pittsburghwhere he pioneered the early development of both residential and commercial waterheaters.
History of Water Dispenser and Water Coolers Industry:
The water fountain as we know it wasfirst invented in the early 1906 and is credited to two men - Halsey Willard Taylor andLuther Haws. Haws patented the first drinking faucet in 1911. From those humble11beginnings, when water coolers used large blocks of ice to chill the water, to theselfcontainedelectric water cooler in 1938, there are now a plethora of models and types tofit every need. Although first "barrier-free" electric water cooler was invented in 1972 bythe Haws Corporation, it wasn't until the passage of the Americans with Disabilities Actin 1990 that these accessible water coolers came into their own.Bottled water dispensers have been around since before the middle of the 20thCentury. These units depend on gravity to provide the water in a free standing unit.Cooling units were added later. Today, many water coolers or dispensers include aheating element to provide hot water along with chilled water. Some are even offered indesigner colors and shapes to fit into any décor.
History of Microwave Oven Industry:
The microwave oven did not come about as a result of