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Control of a Dynamic Voltage Restorer tocompensate single phase voltage sags
M.V.Kasuni PereraMaster of Science Thesis
Stockholm, Sweden 2007
 
Acknowledgement
I would like to express my sincere appreciation to my local supervisors, Dr.Sanath Alahakoon and Dr. Atputharajah Arulampalam of Electrical and ElectronicEngineering Department of University of Peradeniya, Sri Lanka for their guidanceand support provided during the period of my Master thesis project and also for theconstructive comments they made by reviewing final manuscript of the report.Further would like to express my sincere appreciation to Dr. ArulampalamAtputharajah for his persistence in keeping me on the schedule. Also would like tothank Professor Mehrdad Ghandhari at Department of Electrical Engineering at KTH,Sweden for allowing me to do my master thesis project in my own country and Dr.Sanath Alahakoon who coordinated it from Sri Lanka end.Also I wish to thank the supervisors at KTH, Department of ElectricalEngineering, Professor Mehrdad Ghandhari and Mr. Daniel Salomonsson for theirguidance and valuable suggestions send to me to improve the quality of the masterthesis report.The author gratefully acknowledges the support given by Department of Electrical & Electronic Engineering, University of Peradeniya Sri Lanka. And also forthe Post Graduate Institute of the same Department for permitting me to carry out myMaster thesis research.Thanks are due to President’s Fund of Sri Lanka, who has granted me with aScholarship to complete the Masters Degree in Electrical Engineering. Finally I wouldlike to thank all my colleagues both in Sweden & Sri Lanka, my parents for theircontinuous encouragement.December 2007.i
 
Abstract
 
Quality of the output power delivered from the utilities has become a majorconcern of the modern industries for the last decade. These power quality associatedproblems are voltage sag, surge, flicker, voltage imbalance, interruptions andharmonic problems. These power quality issues may cause problems to the industriesranging from malfunctioning of equipments to complete plant shut downs. Thosepower quality problems affect the microprocessor based loads, process equipments,sensitive electric components which are highly sensitive to voltage level fluctuations.It has been identified that power quality can be degraded both due to utilityside abnormalities as well as the customer side abnormalities. To overcome theproblems caused by customer side abnormalities so called custom power devices areconnected closer to the load end.One such reliable customer power device used to address the voltage sag,swell problem is the Dynamic Voltage Restorer (DVR). It is a series connectedcustom power device, which is considered to be a cost effective alternative whencompared with other commercially available voltage sag compensation devices.The main function of the DVR is to monitor the load voltage waveformconstantly and if any sag or surge occurs, the balance (or excess) voltage is injected to(or absorbed from) the load voltage. To achieve the above functionality a referencevoltage waveform has to be created which is similar in magnitude and phase angle tothat of the supply voltage. Thereby during any abnormality of the voltage waveform itcan be detected by comparing the reference and the actual voltage waveforms.A new control technique to detect and compensate for the single phase voltagesags is designed in this project. The simulation was checked in the EMTDC/PSCADsimulation software and has shown reliable results.ii

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