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ISI

ISI

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India has proof of the involvement of Pakistan’s Inter-Services ... Asked for the sort of proof linking the ISI to the attacks.About ISI
India has proof of the involvement of Pakistan’s Inter-Services ... Asked for the sort of proof linking the ISI to the attacks.About ISI

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Published by: Shahzad Asghar Arain on Dec 13, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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05/09/2014

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Inter-Services IntelligenceBy Shahzad Arainwww.pakdata.net
Inter-Services Intelligence
Director :Ahmad Shuja PashaDepartment : Military of PakistanEstablished : 1948Major departments:
Joint Intelligence X (JIX)
Joint Intelligence Bureau (JIB)
Joint Counter Intelligence Bureau (JCIB)
Joint Intelligence North (JIN)
Joint Intelligence Miscellaneous (JIM)
Joint Signal Intelligence Bureau (JSIB)
Joint Intelligence Technical (JIT)
Notable Directors:
 
The
Directorate for Inter-Services Intelligence
(also
Inter-Services Intelligence
or 
ISI
) is the largest intelligence service inPakistan. It is one of the three main branches of Pakistan's intelligence agencies. The Inter-Services Intelligence was created as an independent unit in 1948 following the poor performance of Pakistan's Military Intelligenceduring Indo-Pakistani War of 1947. It was formerly in theIntelligence Bureau (IB), which handled intelligence sharing  between the different branches of the military as well as external intelligence gathering.Its headquarters was initially located inRawalpindibut later it was moved to the newly built capital,Islamabad.The current director of the organization is Lieutenant General Ahmad Shuja Pasha, who took over in September 2008.
Contents
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[edit] History
[edit] Start after independence
After independence in 1947, two new intelligence agencies were created in Pakistan: theIntelligence Bureau (IB) and theMilitary Intelligence (MI). However, the weak   performance of the MI in sharing intelligence between the Army, Navy and Air Forceduring theIndo-Pakistani War of 1947led to the creation of the Directorate for Inter-Services Intelligence (ISI) in 1948.
The ISI was structured to be manned by officersfrom the three main military services, and to specialize in the collection, analysis andassessment of external intelligence, either military or non-military.
The ISI was the brainchildof Australian-born British Army officer, Major General R. Cawthome, thenDeputy Chief of Staff in the Pakistan Army.
Initially, the ISI had no role in thecollection of internal intelligence, with the exception of the North-West Frontier Provinceand Azad Kashmir .
[edit] Ayub Khan's expansion
In the late 1950s whenAyub Khan  became the President of Pakistan, he expanded the role of ISI in safeguarding Pakistan’s interests, monitoring opposition politicians, andsustaining military rule in Pakistan. The ISI was reorganised in 1966 after intelligencefailures in theIndo-Pakistani War of 1965
 , and expanded in 1969. Khan entrusted theISI with the responsibility for the collection of internal political intelligence in EastPakistan. Later on, during the Baloch nationalist revolt inBalochistanin the mid 1970s,the ISI was tasked with performing a similar intelligence gathering operation.
[edit] Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto's criticism
The ISI lost its importance during the regime of Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto, who was verycritical of its role during the 1970 general elections, which triggered off the eventsleading to the partition of Pakistanand emergence of Bangladesh.
[edit] Zia ul-Haq's further expansion

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