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prepared papers on these subjects. The documents are as far as possible circulated in advanceof the meetings. The agenda of the tenth Bilderberg Conference ran as follows:1. What initiatives are required to bring about a new sense in leadership and directionwithin the Western Community?a. The role of N.A.T.O. in the world policy of the member countries.b. The role and control of atomic weapons inside N.A.T.O.2. The implications for Western unity of changes in the relative economic strength of theUnited States and Western EuropeIn the following text the introductory reports and the views expressed during the debates aresummarized. In the annex a summary will also be found of a speech delivered off the recordby a Canadian participant on the impact of Communist economic penetration in the Westernworld as well as a summary of a memorandum on an analogous subject by a Germanparticipant. No discussion has followed.
I. WHAT INITIATIVES ARE REQUIREDTO BRING ABOUT A NEW SENSEOF LEADERSHIPAND DIRECTION WITHIN THEWESTERN COMMUNITY?
In opening the meeting, H.R.H. the Prince of the Netherlands thanked the Canadian hosts fortheir hospitality, and especially for choosing so pleasant a meeting-place. He went on to speak of Mr. Retinger, the group's honorary secretary, who had died shortly after the previousmeeting, and said that the Bilderberg Meetings had owed a great deal to his efforts.The President began by giving the floor to a Canadian participant, whom he invited to makesome introductory remarks on item 1 as a whole. The speaker put his arguments in adeliberately "provocative" form, in order to stimulate discussion.How would we go about it, he asked, if the N.A.T.O. Treaty had to be rewritten in 1961?Circumstances had changed greatly and the organization had had to adapt itself inconsequence. We should see whether it had succeeded in this.In 1949, when the Soviet threat to Europe became apparent, the West had a monopoly of atomic weapons, whereas, in 1961, there was a deadlock due to the equivalence of atomicforces. Furthermore, the Soviet threat now went far beyond the limits of Europe, and wasparticularly apparent in Asia and Africa, areas that did not give very much cause for alarmwhen N.A.T.O. was set up 12 years ago. Although, during that period, Europe had recoveredits spirit and its faith, the geographical and other limitations of N.A.T.O.'s terms of referencewere increasingly obvious.
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