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Electrical Machines 5

# Electrical Machines 5

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Electrical Machines: Technology of machines,DC shunt motor,Induction motor, Transformer. Proposed by NGOUNE Jean-Paul
Electrical Machines: Technology of machines,DC shunt motor,Induction motor, Transformer. Proposed by NGOUNE Jean-Paul

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03/29/2013

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GTHS KUMBO_Electrical Department_Fifth sequence exam………………………………April.2012
1
PART ONE: TECHNOLOGY
1.Name the two main types of rotors found in the building of induction motors.Which type of rotor is generally used in driving very high power machines?2.Given four machines: an alternator, an induction motor, a synchronous motor,a dynamo. Select the two machines having identical building principle.3.Name the test which is conducted in order to determine iron losses and copperlosses in a transformer.4.State the principle of operation of an alternator.5.Give the function of the yoke in a DC machine.6.Cite two causes of heat in a transformer.
PART TWO: ELECTROTECHNOLOGYExercise 1: Bipolar DC shunt motor.
A perfectly compensated bipolar DC shunt motor has the following ratedcharacteristics: Supply voltage of the armature: U = 120V; Armature current:I = 100A; Field current: i = 2.3A; Speed: N = 1500rpm; Armature resistance: R =0.05Ω. The motor is operating under a constant voltage of 120V. The constant lossesare Pc = 785W.1.Calculate the back emf of the motor.2.Compute: (i) the useful power of the motor. (ii) The useful torque of the motor.(iii) The efficiency of the motor.3.Find the value the starting rheostat in order to limit the starting current at 2Ir (Irbeing the rated current of the motor).
Exercise 2: Static Machine
REPUBLIC OF CAMEROONPeaceWork– Fatherland……………
GTHS KUMBO/ ELECT DPTFIFTH SEQUENCE EXAM
Class: F
3
6Option: ElectrotechnologyDuration: 03HCoefficient: 3
Written paper
ELECTRICAL MACHINES
No document is allowed except the one given tothe candidates b the examiners.

GTHS KUMBO_Electrical Department_Fifth sequence exam………………………………April.2012
2
On the name plateof a three phase transformer, we have the following indication:Apparent power: 160kVA; Primary: 20kV, triangle coupling; Secondary: 220/380V atfull load, star coupling.1.The current at the secondary is 230A.Calculate the nominal active power for apower factor of 0.8.2.In those conditions, the maximum efficiency is 0.96.Calculate thecopper andthe iron losses knowing that those two losses are equal.3.We now use one of the three windings of the transformer.This winding is likea single phase transformer:
A primary winding under 20kV
Asecondary windingsupplying a current of 230A, under a voltage of220V, in an inductive circuit having a power factor of 0.8.In full load, the voltage drop is 5% of the no load voltage at the secondary.Determine:a.The noload voltage.b.The turns ratio.c.The resistance Rs brought to the secondary knowing that the total copperlosses of the three phase transformer are equal to 2523W.d.The reactance Xs brought to the secondary if the voltage drop at thesecondary for a winding is 11.6V.
Exercise 3: Three phase asynchronous motor
A three phase asynchronous motor with the stator coupled indelta is supplied by anetwork supply of 380V, 50Hz.Each phase of the stator has a resistance of 0.4Ω.Atno load, the motor rotates at 1500rpm and absorb a power of 1150W; the current in aline is 3.2A.A test at a nominal load, under the same voltage of 380V, 50Hz hasgiven the following results: slip g = 4%; Power absorbed Pa = 18.1kW; Line currentI = 32A.1. Fortheno load test, calculate:a.The stator copper losses when the motor rotates at noload.b.The stator iron losses knowing that the mechanical losses are 510W.2. For the nominal load test, determine:a.The power factor.