INTRODUCTION TO ROBOTICS:
Robotics is the engineering science and technology of robots, and their design, manufacture,application, and structural disposition. Robotics is related to
Electronics, Mechanics, and Software.
Today commercial and industrial robots are in widespread use performing jobs more cheaply or moreaccurately and reliably than humans. They are also employed in jobs which are too dirty, dangerous,or dull to be suitable for humans. Robots are widely used in manufacturing, assembly, and packing;transport; earth and space exploration, surgery, weaponry, laboratory research, safety, and massproduction of consumer and industrial goods. A Robot is software controllable mechanical devicethat uses sensors to guide one or more end effectors through programmed motion in workspace in
order to manipulate physical objects. Many of today‘s robots are robotic arms. In this exhibit, we
will focus on one very flexible kind of robot, which looks similar to a certain part of your body. Itcalled a joint arm robot.At its simplest, a robot is machine that can be programmed to perform a variety of jobs,which usually involve moving or handling objects. Robots can range from simple machines to highlycomplex, computer controlled device. Most robots are designed to be a helping hand. They helppeople with tasks that would be difficult, unsafe for a real person to be alone. Robotics applicationoften involves simple, tedious, repetitive tasks such as the loading and unloading machines. Theyalso include tasks that must be performed in harsh environment such as spray and handling of toxicmaterials.People are more likely to identify an object as a robot when it has the rudimentary sections of a living being. People look for eyes and a mouth (generally a face), legs, and a torso, as though theywere examining an insect or exotic animal. From an anatomical perspective, robot parts generally fitinto one or more of the following categories in different fields.The inspiration for the design of robot manipulator is the human arm, but with somedifferences. For example, a robot arm can extend by telescoping that is, by sliding cylindrical sectionone over another length the arm. Robot arms also can be constructed so that they bend like anelephant trunk. Grippers, or end effectors, are designed to mimic the function and the structure of thehuman hand. Many robots are equipped with special purpose grippers to grapes particular devicessuch as a rack of test tube or an arc welder.