Clarify what you want toteach.
Develop your lesson planbasedon your school standards.Seewhat specific standards yourlesson plan can address.Aligning the lesson plan withschool standards helps toproveits relevance and importanceand assures that yourstudentsare being taught what yourschool requires. Also, keep inmind what grade level youare developing the lessonplan for. Record a timeestimate for your lesson planto help in time budgeting.Once you have your topic,you can begin determininghow you want to teach it.
Develop clear and specificobjectives.
To make sure your lessonplan will teach exactly whatyou want it to, developperformance-basedobjectives. Objectives arelearning outcomes of theactivities to be used in thelesson plan.Objectives should also bedirectly measurable so thatyou can tell whether theseobjectivesare met or not. To makeobjectives more meaningful,you may want to include bothbroad and narrow objectives.
Find out exactly what theprerequisites are and thespecific materials you aregoing to use.
You need to determine theknowledge and skills requiredof the students before theytake the new lesson. Theteaching aids/materialsshould also be shown early inyour lesson plan. This way, if someone else will use yourlesson plan, they would knowin advance what basicknow-how and materials arerequired. Be specific: makesure theteachers will have everythingtheyneed.
Write an anticipatory setto leadinto the lesson plan andtodevelop the students'interest inlearning what is about tobetaught.
Use a motivational or warm-upactivity to introduce thelessonwhere student involvement isthekey. The opening activityshould tieup the lesson objective withstudents’ interests and pastlearning experiences. Usecreative strategies to getstudents’ attention andmotivate them to keep trackof the lesson.
Write the step-by-stepprocedures that will beperformed to reach theobjectives including thekey discussion points.
You should list the relevantactions the teacher and thestudents need to performand the key learning points(KLPs) that they need tograsp and apply. Around 20%of the KLPs are concepts and80% are how-to’s. Developyour students’ higher-orderthinking skills by using aset of relevant guidequestions. It stimulates theinteraction between andamong the students and theteacher.
Include extension ideas toshow how the lesson plancould be integrated withinthe world of work.
Putting a lot of work into thiscan develop completethematic units that wouldintegrate related topics intomany different subjects andcareer connections. Thisintegration can be extremelyhelpful in ensuring retentionof the key learning pointsand fostering cooperationand team spirit amongworking groups.
Have some sort of closurefor the lesson plan
Just before moving on to theassessment phase, youshould provide a sense of closure to the session. Agood idea for this is to returnto your anticipatory set oropening activity/statement.
Write your assessment of students’learning