Civil War to punish the South for not properly converting the slaves.
Because of the continuedbelief that the blacks were not properly converted, blacks were still seen as morally inferior. The
“Lost Cause” myth is the root of fear of black mi
scegenation and rape and is also the foundationthat leads to the justification of lynching.Lynching and mob rule were symptoms of anarchy and disorder that contradicted the
Southern Baptists’ respect
for law and order. But after slavery was abolished and as blacksformed their own churches, the white churches stopped caring about the black dilemma allthrough the Reconstruction Era until the end of World War II.
World War II changed racerelations here in the United States and worldwide because Adolph
reign forcedAmericans to examine their own racial attitudes. Progressive voices from within the SBC came
from the Women’s Missionary Union, the Christian Life Commission of t
he SBC, and theseminaries.
The progressives changed the SBC
ambivalent attitude toward blacks in threestages: first, they promoted equality within segregation; second, they encouraged compliance
with the federal government’s desegregation of public schools after the
ruling; lastly, theyraised support for the gradual integration efforts after the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was passed.
It is worthwhile to note that not one single state convention adopted a resolution that condemnedthe 1964 CRA.
The third chapter gives a sociological interpretation of SBC race relations. The role thatProtestantism, especially the Southern Baptist brand, played in the process of legitimizingsegregation was tremendous for a couple of reasons. First, Southern Baptists theologians
Ibid. p. 3