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7 Tools

7 Tools

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Published by shahzad afzal
Statistical Quality Control

7 Basic Tools for Quality Improvement
What are 7 basic Tools ? A basic technique that is used in solving problems concerning Quality,costs and production problems that arise in the workplace. The tools are : 1. Pareto Diagrams 2. Cause and effect Diagram 3.Flow charts and Graphs 4. Check sheets 5. Histograms 6.Control Charts 7.Scatter Diagrams. 1. PARETO DIAGRAMS - Focus on key problems
1. Decide which problem

2. CAUSE AND EFFECT DIAGRAM - Find and cure causes
1. Se
Statistical Quality Control

7 Basic Tools for Quality Improvement
What are 7 basic Tools ? A basic technique that is used in solving problems concerning Quality,costs and production problems that arise in the workplace. The tools are : 1. Pareto Diagrams 2. Cause and effect Diagram 3.Flow charts and Graphs 4. Check sheets 5. Histograms 6.Control Charts 7.Scatter Diagrams. 1. PARETO DIAGRAMS - Focus on key problems
1. Decide which problem

2. CAUSE AND EFFECT DIAGRAM - Find and cure causes
1. Se

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Published by: shahzad afzal on Dec 14, 2008
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7 Basic Tools for Quality Improvement
What are 7 basic Tools ?
 A basic technique that is used in solving problems concerning Quality,costs and production problems that arise in the workplace.
The tools are :
1.
 Pareto Diagrams 2. Cause and effect Diagram 3.Flow charts and Graphs 4. Check sheets 5. Histograms 6.Control Charts 7.Scatter  Diagrams.
1. PARETO DIAGRAMS
-
Focus on key problems
1
. Decide which problemyou want to know moreabout.2. Choose the causes orproblems that will bemonitored, compared orranked.3. Choose the mostmeaningful unit of measurement.4. Choose the period forstudy.5. Gather the necessarydata on each problem.6. Compare the relativefrequency or cost of eachproblem category.7. List the problemcategories on thehorizontal line andfrequency on vertical line.8. Draw the cumulativepercentage line showingthe portions of the totalthat each problemcategory represents.
2. CAUSE AND EFFECT DIAGRAM
-
Find and cure causes
1
. Select themostappropriatecause andeffect format.2. Generate thecause neededto build acause andeffect diagram.3. Constructthe cause andeffect diagram.4. Make sureevery oneagrees on theproblemstatement.5. Include asmuchinformation aspossible.6. Interpret ortest for Rootcause
. 
Statistica
 
l Quality Control
Aziz AlamPakistan Institute of Quality ControlPage # 1
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7 Basic Tools for Quality Improvement
Flow Chart
 An illustration of the actual sequence of Processes that make the work.It can be used to describe the current work  flow, whether simple or complex.
3. FLOW CHART
1. When you create a flowchart, use the followingsymbols.
3A. GRAPHS
 
Statistical Quality Control
Aziz AlamPakistan Institute of Quality ControlPage #Box -Activities Circle - Input /Output
Diamond - DecisionArrow -Direction of Flow
 
2. Gather a group of people.who represent the variousactivities performed.3. Decide where the work  begins and ends.4. List main activities,Inputs/Outputs and decision points.5. Create separate flow chartto clarify complex activities.
GRAPHS
One of the most appealing and convincing ways in which Statistical data may be presented is through GRAPHS. It gives a bird’s eye view of a given set of numerical data.Graphs facilitate comparison and reveal trends.
1. Every Graph shouldhave a suitable Title.2. Proper proportion between length and breadthgenerally 1.5 : 1 to be kept.3.Scale should be in multiplesof 5,10,20 etc.Common Types of Graphs.1.
Bar Graph
- used to showquantities of differentcharacteristics relative to eachother.2.
Pie chart
- Used to sharesof different characteristics.3.
Line Graph
- used to showchanges w.r.t.Time.
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7 Basic Tools for Quality Improvement
4 . CHECK SHEETS
- Counting &accumulating data
5. HISTOGRAM
-
 Process Centering, Spread and Shape
 
Statistical Quality Control
Aziz AlamPakistan Institute of Quality ControlPage # .
 
1
. Decide on processmeasure.2. Gather data.3. Prepare a frequency tablefrom the data.4.Draw a Histogram fromthe frequency table.X-axis - scale related tovariable.Y-axis - frequency scale.5. Interpret the Histograma) Centering requirements b) Variationc) Shaped) Process Capability
CHECK SHEETS
It is used to systematically record and compile data fromhistorical sources, or observations as they happen, so that patterns and trends can be clearly detected and shown.1. Agree on definition of theevents or conditions beingobserved.2. Decide who will collect data,over what period, and fromwhat sources.3. Design a Check Sheet formthat is clear,complete and easyto use.4. Collect the data consistentlyand accurately.
HISTOGRAMS
Used to summarize data from a process that has beencollected over a period of time, and graphiccally presentits frequency distribution in bar form.
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Check Sheet for Variables
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