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A Study on Soil Stabilization Through Innovative Material for Construction of Rural Roads

A Study on Soil Stabilization Through Innovative Material for Construction of Rural Roads

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Published by Vizag Roads
Roads, Development, Engineering , Bridges , study, Soil Stabilzagition
Roads, Development, Engineering , Bridges , study, Soil Stabilzagition

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Published by: Vizag Roads on Apr 16, 2012
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05/16/2013

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A Study on Soil Stabilization throughInnovative Material for Construction of Rural Roads
A Study on Soil Stabilization through Innovative Material forConstruction of Rural Roads - A Case Study of East Gujarat
 
Ujjval J. Solanki
- Lecturer, Darshan Institute of Engg.& Technology-Rajkot
Dr. N.C. Shah
- Professor and Section Head, Civil deptt. SVNIT-Surat.
R.G. Dhamsaniya
, - Asst. Prof., Darshan Institute of Engg.& Technology-Rajkot
M.D. Barasara
– Asst. Prof., Darshan Institute of Engg.& Technology-Rajkot
 Rural road connectivity is one of the key components for rural development, as it promotes accessto economic and social services, generating agricultural income and productive employment. Thereare number of important points to be considered while involving suitable and economical designs for the low volume rural roads in India. For construction and maintenance as well as the level of quality control that can be effectively exercised in rural areas. To the extent possible, the use of locally available materials as such or after suitable processing has to be maximized in the larger interest of economy.The study is aimed to improve engineering performance of locally available in situ material for subbase and base course of rural road. The name of innovative material is Consolid system of soilstabilization which is suggested by The Committee for Accreditation of New Materials and Techniques formed under the aegis of Highway Research Board of Indian Roads Congress toaccredit patented or new materials/techniques, developed in India/abroad and evaluated as per recognized National/International Specifications has accredited the Consolid System for stabilization of subbase/base course on dated 4th August 2009The study area is selected by NRRDA at East Gujarat–Rural road to check the improvement in soil parameter useful for rural road construction. The soil in East Gujarat contain Gravel withmarginal proportion of clay particles. For efficient performance Consolid system demand equal proportion of Gravel, sand and silt & clay particles. One study stretch of length 1 Km isconstructed by locally available in situ clay with treatment by Consolid system and CBR, UCS and Capillary rise tests are performed. Soak CBR is improved 18.55% from 3.2% and UCS is improved 2000 kPa from 250 kPa. which shows significant improvement in engineering properties of soil.The treatment has made possible to use locally available in situ material. It also replace thegranular material i.e. GSB material in sub base course, and also consolid system reduces thedemand for heavy wearing course save resources and construction time.
 
 
Introduction
The Soil stabilization, in the broadest sense it is the alteration of any inherent property of a soil toimprove its engineering performance. Improvement of stability or bearing power, density, shearparameter, reduce compressibility, permeability, swelling and shrinkage property by the use of controlled compaction, proportioning and/ or the addition of suitable admixtures or stabilizers.
The Consolid System
The Consolid system is a Swiss Technology for Permanent Soil Stabilization. Producer of consolidsystem in India is Grace & Sachi Enterprise-Ahmedabad and the competent authority of thiscompany is Mr. Manish Shah. Consolid444 (Liquid) and Solidry (Powder) products arecommercial. Table 1 shows the Consolid system component detailsTable 1 Consolid System component propertiesSr.NoDetails Consolid 444 Solidry (SD)1ChemicalcompositionAqueous solution of a mixture of 20% mono-molecular and poly-molecular interfacial activesubstance. -Organic materialBlend of 96.5 % of Portland cement andlime, coated with 3.5 %Solidry2 Form Liquid Powder3 Color Milky white to yellow brown Light grey4 Work Strong reduction of water absorption through reducingthe capillary activity Reduce permeability LowerOMC and Higher density of treated soil Stronglyreduced swelling and shrinking behaviorSolidry prevents thetreated soil from watersoaking in by closing thecapillary.The consolid soil stabilisation system was expressly developed for soil stabilisation. Every cohesivesoil possesses the characteristic to petrify again. It requires a very long time and high pressure.Through the addition of catalysts we can speed up this process. The consolid soil stabilizationsystem speeds up the natural process of solidification of all kinds of cohesive soil. It improves andconsolidates the soil. The consolid system is changing the behaviour of any soil itself towardpetrification and does not act as a binder or chemical reactant. A soil, once treated remains treatedfor permanent and will keep the advantages of the upgrade without timely limitation. A treatmentof soils with additives products of the consolid system allows to upgrade any kind of soil to risk free construction material. The improvement of the treated soil is substantial and allows toincorporate up to 50 to 70 % of clayey, silty fines material which is usually classified asunacceptable for construction purposes in road construction or road rehabilitation. The treatmentimproves not only the stability and loading capacity; it enables also a tailored realization of fullimpermeability, which allows to use treated soil as lining in ponds or artificial lakes, dams andother water exposed constructions. Such treated impermeable soil material is also excellentconstruction material for dams, railway embankments and formations, but also of high value toform bottom soil layers as well as covering soil material at disposal areas to avoid seepage and thepollution of groundwater.
 
The consolid system for soil stabilization is always affected by two products, which are usedtogether. It is consolid444 (C444) and solidry (SD). Consolid444 (C444) liquid components andsolidry is a powder like component. The two components are mixed with the soil. Afterwards thesoil is fully compacted. The consolid soil stabilisation system can be used for almost every kind of soil. The consolid soil stabilisation system is a total system, not only compaction aid or somethingelse. It allows to change the behaviour of the treated soil completely. Water is the most effectiveenemy of stability; consolid fights against the capillary rise of water and agglomerated the finesirreversible.A soil loses its bearing strength by taking up water. Therefore any diminution of such waterabsorption will yield increased bearing capacities. The CBR value (California Bearing Ratio) takenas an indicator for the bearing capacity of a soil, a CBR value of 3–5 times that of an untreated soilcan be expected by the consolid soil stabilisation treatment. The use of consolid system in the fieldhas some economical advantages on cost. Using local soil as much as possible instead of bringingthe material from outside, the digging of the local soil and exchanging with the material broughtfrom outside and avoiding the cost of both transportations, one of the most important advantages of the consolid system is the opportunity to use and develop the local material that generally causescosts to increase, when local material needs to be exchanged with the material that is brought fromoutside, the opportunity to pre-mixing the material and saving construction time.As cement and lime are additives with hydraulic binding properties, they significantly increase theCBR values of any soil they are applied. However, consolid system does not have any bindingproperty. Although the natural soil sample used in this study is not a type of soil on which consolidsystem has a maximum effect, it is considered that good CBR values are obtained. Since theconsolid soil stabilisation products interact with the fine particles that thanks to the treatment can beused as natural binders, sand has to be mixed with cohesive soil prior to the treatment with theconsolid soil stabilisation additives in order to obtain a content of fines of approximately 20%–30%. The soil mix prepared in this way can then be treated just as any other soil. In principle allcohesive or semi-cohesive soils or soils with a certain amount of silt (0.002–0.1 mm) lead to apermanent soil stabilisation. The optimal soil mixture is 1/3 clay and silt (0–0.2 mm), 1/3 sand(0.2–2 mm), and gravel and stones (2–200 mm). Missing fractions are easily mixed in from nearbysoils.
Scope of The Study
To Study soil stabilization for subbase and base course using innovative material namely Consolidsystem of soil stabilization for rural road in East Gujarat at District –Dahod. Taluka: JHALOD. Onestretch of road details as shown in Table No 2, and Figure 1.Table 2 Location of field studySr. No Name of road Length of Road - Km. Study01 Karath Kali Mahudi Bharkha 1.02 Jhalod. Dist Dahod

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