Bins: Waste Separation
The National Solid WasteManagement Department (JPSPN)has recently promotes the notionof waste separation at source bydistributing free 120L MGB tohousehold in Kuala Lumpur. Sincethe Act fully enforced, JPSPN isadamant on implementing wastesegregation at source system. Anew waste collection system of “2+1” was proposed and is intrial in about 400 households inPutrajaya. The “2+1” collectionsystem has two times collection of residual waste and one timecollection of recyclable materialsin a single week.
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Solid Waste and PublicCleansingManagement Act 2007
A group photo with Datuk Nazri Jaron (left) is explaining the idea of waste
separation project in University of Malaya
GnB Exhibition Booth at MSWME Seminar
In conjunction with the second Annual General Meeting of Malaysian Societyof Waste Management and Environment (MSWME), the Green and BlueGroup was invited to participate in the special seminar on “Implementationand Challenges of Solid Waste and Public Cleansing Management Act 2007.
The New Policy
The Solid Waste and PublicCleansing Management Act wasenforced since 1st September,year 2011. The main provisionsunder the Act are approval,licensing, charge, enforcement of any activity of controlled solidwaste management and reductionand recovery of waste. At themoment, PPSPPA (Solid Wasteand Public CleansingCorporation) is carrying outmonitoring and enforcement onthe three waste concessionairesbased on KPI. When the serviceprovision by the wasteconcessionaires is upgraded to acertain level, new regulations willbe introduced to the public withenforcement by PPSPPA. Theroles of JPSPN include approvalfor the construction, alterationand closure of any wastetreatment or disposal facility,issues license, introduction rulesand regulations under the newAct and impose penalty/charge.Prior to any approval of newfacilities, the proposal willundergo evaluation by acommittee of technologyassessment.
The coverage for urban and ruralareas are not balanced asservices under the Act onlyfocuses on the urban area. For rural area, communal bins areprovided for the disposal of wasteby “bring” collection system.Besides, the three wasteconcessionaires under theprivatization scheme areresponsible for household(residential waste only). Thecollection of other municipal solidwaste (MSW) such as commercialwaste, institutional waste, publicarea waste, etc is not included inthe privatization scheme.On the other hands, theprivatization scheme is onlyapplicable for the collection of residential waste in all states inPeninsula Malaysia exceptSelangor, Penang and Perak.Operation of any waste disposalor treatment is hence not includedin the privatization by monitoredand regulated under the Act.Moreover, there is a lack of wastedisposal or treatment facilities which canlead to illegal dumping.In conclusion, solid waste management isa current social and environmental issuein Malaysia. The partial privatisation of MSW collection is important to improvethe services provision and federalisationto regulate the entire managementsector. JPSPN needs more multidisciplinary waste expertise to solve theoutlined problem and challenges faced.The GnB as an environmental NGO hasits role to play in disseminating correctinformation to public as mass.
The Green & Blue News Vol. 2/2012