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Perry Enlightenment 2

Perry Enlightenment 2

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Published by msG77
Responses to Enlightenment primary resources.
Responses to Enlightenment primary resources.

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Published by: msG77 on Dec 15, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Responses to Enlightenment Questions in Perry3.1 The Enlightenment OutlookKant: What is Enlightenment?#1: Kant: Enlightenment? Freedom?E: Man leaving self-cause immaturity(incapacity to use intell wo/guidance)F: freedom for man to make public use of his reason in all matters#2: Factors delaying progress of human enlightenmentso comfortable to be a minor! everything provided, no need to exert laziness& cowardiceguardians all too ready to threaten danger should one attmpt walk aloneintimidation of “guardians”restrictions on freedom everywhere: don’t argue, drill! don’t argue, pay! etc.lack of freedomstatutes & formulas...serviceable...misuse of ...nat faculties...ankle chains of immaturity#3: Political implications of Kant’s views?questioning of authorityis it a govt that promotes the public use of man’s reason in all matters?Sapere Aude!3.2 Political LibertyLocke: Second Treatise on Government/ Jefferson: Declaration of Independence#1: Compare Locke/HobbesLocke Hobbeshuman nature basically good brutish & selfishpolitical authority consent of governedgovt protect naturalrightsconst. govtabsolute monarchyright to rebellion rgt 2 rebel when govt failsprotect nat rghtsnon-existent
#2: Locke’s princpls nat rgts compared w/ Dec of Indep“life, liberty, and ‘pursuit of happiness’ “ are inalienable“consent of the governed”“right of the ppl 2 alter or abol it”Locke’s ideas are clearly represented in Jefferson’s justification3.3 Attack on the Old Regime Voltaire: A Plea for Tolerance and Reason#1: Voltaire’s arguments in favor relig toleranceintolerance = carnage= accuse 1st Chr, ancestors (on basis not believe domin relig)= degrades “diviness” of Christianityhave tolerance because all are children of same father#2: Why Voltaire ridicule Christian theological disputation?deals w/ q’s & a’s “inaccessible to human intellect”too many quest re: dogmahe not understand....nobody ever has! = slaughter#3: Fanaticism? Examples? Cure?a) the xtreme of suspicion, a diseaseb) St. Bart’s Day Massacre, cold blooded judges giving death sent for dissent
C) philosophical spirit that softens manners of man & prevents access(vaccination....not cure)#4: Implications re: rationality/morality of Warthere is none....these concepts don’t apply to war3.4 Attack on ReligionPaine: The Age of Reason/Holbach: Good Sense#1: Chr beliefs Paine reject...Why?10 commandments = good moral precepts that could have been formulatedby any man...supernatural intervention not necessary Virgin Mary/immaculate conception: would require more than their bareword...& we don’t even have thatJesus as son of God: a familiar story of heathen philosophy(for Gentiles)Jews never accepted (belief One God, & no more)Resurrection: proof & evidence not equal avail. to all, 8 or 9 ppl 2 serve asproxies to rest of world...Doubting Thomas: not believewo/occular & manual demonstration#2: How d’Holbach’s critique relig affirm basic Enlight idealstheology = ignorance of natural causesperpetration of ignorance & fear goes against progressdouble yoke of spiritual & temporal pwr prevents pursuit of happinessmistrusted experience, feared truth, disdained reason in order to followauthority = a no no!knowledge, reason, & liberty can alone reform men so brought to wickedunhappiness which they construe as securitymen will be good when well instructed, well-governed....they are wicked, only because their reason is not sufficiently developed

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