Foreign Policy and Civil Society Program
tioning economy and army, the country may lose “reedom,sovereignty, and independence” as there are “well-organizedand coordinated inormation fows” working against themasses. Kirill lamented that “historical Russia, which wehad called the Soviet Union, ell apart without a singleshot red, and the once great country is no more.” oday,according to him, sinister orces are still exerting “aninormation impact inside the country and outside it.” Massmedia and the Internet, he said, are propagating an ideology o “consumption and richness.” Kirill concluded “that theseorces may come to power in Russia some day. I am prayingto God or protection rom deceitul, ugly, disgusting, andslanderous propaganda.”
As Putin and his entourage have been engaging in electioncampaigning and whipping up ears o oreign subversion,the public presence o Russia’s prominent ultra-nationalisttheorists and publicists is increasing urther. Anti-Westernconspiracy theorists are getting more and more exposure via widely watched V shows. Some o the most radical andillustrious among them have been joining orces during thelast two months in a so-called Anti-Orange Committee.Te new grouping views Ukraine’s Orange Revolutionas an anti-Russian Western plot, and has set the goal o the prevention o a similar scenario in Russia. It is ledby the political publicist and famboyant V host Sergey Kurginyan, who has brought together a “who’s who” o Russian anti-Westernism. Te Committee includes two o Russia’s most well-known and ardently anti-American V journalists, Mikhail Leont’ev and Maksim Shevchenko, thenotorious apologist o ascism and Moscow State Univer-sity Proessor Aleksandr Dugin, and the ounding athero the post-Soviet Russian extreme right and editor o themost important ultra-nationalist weekly newspaper
(omorrow), Aleksandr Prokhanov. Te sel-assigned task
As quoted in Lyudmila Alexandrova, “Popular Russian Nationalist in Government CreatesNew Movement,” Itar-Tass World Service, February 27, 2012.
The public presence of Russia’s
prominent ultra-nationalisttheorists and publicists isincreasing further.
tation between his regime and the protest movement as onebetween patriots and oreign agents. Putin has apparently had some success with this.
A recent survey showed that23 percent o those Russians polled believed that the 2011December protesters were paid by the United States, while43 percent had diculty answering the question.
Several high positions have been lled during the lastweeks by known anti-Western political spokesmen. Alexey Pushkov, host o the rabidly anti-American television show“Postscriptum,” has been selected to head the InternationalAairs Committee o the State Duma. Te prolic nation-alist politician and hawkish ormer Russian ambassador toNAO, Dmitry Rogozin, was promoted to deputy primeminister in charge o deense in late December 2011. InJanuary 2012, he speculated that the United States couldlaunch a simultaneous, “lightening-speed, massive andparalyzing” missile attack against all o Russia’s land-basednuclear weapons.
In apparent response to this and similarsupposed oreign threats, Putin has announced plans tospend $772 billion on 400 new intercontinental ballisticmissiles, 2,300 late-generation tanks, 600 modern combataircra (including 100 military-purpose space planes), 8nuclear ballistic missile submarines, 50 surace warships, aninventory o artillery, air deense systems, and about 17,000military vehicles during the next years.
In February 2012, Rogozin was allowed to create a newquasi-party, the “Volunteer Movement o the All-RussiaPeople’s Front,” in support o the army, the navy, and thedeense-industrial complex. Rogozin, at the Movement’sounding congress, set the tone by complaining “how very mean and disgusting this liberal anti-Russian propagandareally is.” Putin sent a message o greeting to the congressparticipants, saying the creation o a new organization wasan “exceptionally important and useul business.”Te head o the Russian Orthodox Church, Patriarch Kirill,also addressed the congress, warning that, even with a unc-
As quoted in Sergei L. Loiko, “Vladimir Putin evokes enemies of Russia in campaign
Los Angeles Times
, February 24, 2012.
“Rossiiane ob aktsiyakh protesta i proshedshikh vyborakh,”
, 28December 2012, http://www.levada.ru/28-12-2011/rossiyane-ob-aktsiyakh-protesta-i-proshedshikh-vyborakh.
Michael Bohm, “Putin chasing imaginary American ghosts,”
The Moscow Times
February 10, 2012.
Fred Weir, “Fearing West, Putin pledges biggest military buildup since cold war,”
TheChristian Science Monitor
, February 20, 2012.