Nervous tissue is found in the brain, spinal cord, andnerves. It is responsible for coordinating andcontrolling many body activities. It stimulates musclecontraction, creates an awareness of the environment,and plays a major role in emotions, memory, andreasoning. To do all these things, cells in nervous tissueneed to be able to communicate with each other byway of electrical nerve impulses.The cells in nervous tissue that generate and conduct impulses are calledneuronsor nerve cells. These cells have three principal parts: thedendrites, the cell body, and oneaxon. The main part of the cell, the part that carries on the general functions, is thecell body. Dendrites are extensions, or processes, of the cytoplasm that carry impulsesto the cell body. An extension or process called an axon carries impulses away fromthe cell body. Nervous tissue also includes cells that do not transmit impulses, but instead supportthe activities of the neurons. These are the glial cells (neuroglial cells), together termed theneuroglia.Supporting, or glia, cells bind neurons together and insulate theneurons. Some are phagocytic and protect against bacterial invasion, while others provide nutrients by binding blood vessels to the neurons.
Cells group together in the body to form tissues - a collection of similar cells thatgroup together to perform a specialized function. There are 4 primary tissue types inthe human body: epithelial tissue, connective tissue, muscle tissue and nerve tissue.1.Epithelial Tissue - The cells of epithelial tissue pack tightly together and formcontinuous sheets that serve as linings in different parts of the body. Epithelialtissue serve as membranes lining organs and helping to keep the body's organsseparate, in place and protected. Some examples of epithelial tissue are theouter layer of the skin, the inside of the mouth and stomach, and the tissuesurrounding the body's organs.2.Connective Tissue - There are many types of connective tissue in the body.Generally speaking, connective tissue adds support and structure to the body.Most types of connective tissue contain fibrous strands of the protein collagenthat add strength to connective tissue. Some examples of connective tissueinclude the inner layers of skin, tendons, ligaments, cartilage, bone and fattissue. In addition to these more recognizable forms of connective tissue, blood is also considered a form of connective tissue.3.Muscle Tissue - Muscle tissue is a specialized tissue that can contract. Muscletissue contains the specialized proteins actin and myosin that slide past oneanother and allow movement. Examples of muscle tissue are contained in themuscles throughout your body.4.Nerve Tissue - Nerve tissue contains two types of cells: neurons and glialcells. Nerve tissue has the ability to generate and conduct electrical signals inthe body. These electrical messages are managed by nerve tissue in the brainand transmitted down the spinal cord to the body.