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Table Of Contents

Introduction
1.1 How to Read This Book?
1.2 A Short Introduction to R
1.2.1 Starting with R
1.2.2 R Objects
1.2.3 Vectors
1.2.4 Vectorization
1.2.5 Factors
1.2.6 Generating Sequences
1.2.7 Sub-Setting
1.2.8 Matrices and Arrays
1.2.9 Lists
1.2.10 Data Frames
1.2.11 Creating New Functions
1.2.12 Objects, Classes, and Methods
1.2.13 Managing Your Sessions
1.3 A Short Introduction to MySQL
Predicting Algae Blooms
2.1 Problem Description and Objectives
2.2 Data Description
2.3 Loading the Data into R
2.4 Data Visualization and Summarization
FIGURE 2.3: An“enriched”box plot for orthophosphate
FIGURE 2.4: A conditioned box plot of Algal a1
FIGURE 2.5: A conditioned box percentile plot of Algal a1
FIGURE 2.6: A conditioned strip plot of Algal a3 using a continuous vari- able
2.5 Unknown Values
2.5.1 Removing the Observations with Unknown Values
2.5.2 Filling in the Unknowns with the Most Frequent Val- ues
FIGURE 2.7: A histogram of variable mxPH conditioned by season
FIGURE 2.8: The values of variable mxPH by river size and speed
2.6 Obtaining Prediction Models
2.6.1 Multiple Linear Regression
2.6.2 Regression Trees
2.7 Model Evaluation and Selection
FIGURE 2.11: Visualization of the cross-validation results
FIGURE 2.12: Visualization of the cross-validation results on all algae
2.8 Predictions for the Seven Algae
2.9 Summary
Predicting Stock Market Returns
3.1 Problem Description and Objectives
3.2 The Available Data
3.2.1 Handling Time-Dependent Data in R
3.2.2 Reading the Data from the CSV File
3.2.3 Getting the Data from the Web
3.2.4 Reading the Data from a MySQL Database
3.2.4.1 Loading the Data into R Running on Windows
3.2.4.2 Loading the Data into R Running on Linux
3.3 Defining the Prediction Tasks
3.3.1 What to Predict?
FIGURE 3.1: S&P500 on the last 3 months and our indicator
3.3.2 Which Predictors?
3.4 The Prediction Models
3.4.1 How Will the Training Data Be Used?
FIGURE 3.3: Three forms of obtaining predictions for a test period
3.4.2 The Modeling Tools
3.4.2.1 Artificial Neural Networks
3.4.2.2 Support Vector Machines
3.4.2.3 Multivariate Adaptive Regression Splines
FIGURE 3.5: An example of two hinge functions with the same threshold
3.5 From Predictions into Actions
3.5.1 How Will the Predictions Be Used?
3.5.2 Trading-Related Evaluation Criteria
3.5.3 Putting Everything Together: A Simulated Trader
3.6 Model Evaluation and Selection
3.6.1 Monte Carlo Estimates
FIGURE 3.7: The Monte Carlo experimental process
3.6.2 Experimental Comparisons
3.6.3 Results Analysis
3.7 The Trading System
3.7.1 Evaluation of the Final Test Data
FIGURE 3.11: Yearly percentage returns of“grow.nnetR.v12”system
3.7.2 An Online Trading System
3.8 Summary
4.2.2 Exploring the Dataset
FIGURE 4.1: The number of transactions per salesperson
4.2.3 Data Problems
4.2.3.1 Unknown Values
4.2.3.2 Few Transactions of Some Products
FIGURE 4.4: Some properties of the distribution of unit prices
4.3 Defining the Data Mining Tasks
4.3.1 Different Approaches to the Problem
4.3.1.1 Unsupervised Techniques
4.3.1.2 Supervised Techniques
4.3.1.3 Semi-Supervised Techniques
4.3.2 Evaluation Criteria
4.3.2.1 Precision and Recall
4.3.2.2 Lift Charts and Precision/Recall Curves
4.3.2.3 Normalized Distance to Typical Price
4.3.3 Experimental Methodology
4.4 Obtaining Outlier Rankings
4.4.1 Unsupervised Approaches
4.4.1.1 The Modified Box Plot Rule
4.4.1.2 Local Outlier Factors (LOF)
4.4.1.3 Clustering-Based Outlier Rankings (ORh)
4.4.2 Supervised Approaches
4.4.2.1 The Class Imbalance Problem
FIGURE 4.10: Using SMOTE to create more rare class examples
4.4.2.2 Naive Bayes
4.4.2.3 AdaBoost
4.4.3 Semi-Supervised Approaches
4.5 Summary
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Data.mining.with.R.learning.with.Case.studies.nov.2010

Data.mining.with.R.learning.with.Case.studies.nov.2010

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Published by: mikejones79 on Apr 16, 2012
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