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Urduja

Urduja

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Published by Kidao Esteban

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Published by: Kidao Esteban on Apr 17, 2012
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Urduja
(ca. 1350 - 1400 CE), is a legendary warrior princess who is recognized as a heroineinPangasinan, Philippines. The name Urduja appears to be Sanskrit in origin, and a variation of the name "Udaya," meaning "arise" or "rising sun," or the name "Urja," meaning "breath." Ahistorical reference to Urduja can be found in the travel account of Ibn Battuta (1304 - possibly1368 or 1377 C.E.), a Muslim traveler from Morocco.
Contents
[hide]
 
1 Ibn Battuta
 
2 Research
 
3 Urduja in popular culture
 
4 See also
 
5 References
 
6 External links
Ibn Battuta
Ibn Battuta described Urduja as the ruler of 
Kaylukari
in the land of 
Tawalisi.
After reachingSamudra in what is now Sumatra, Ibn Battuta passed by Tawalisi on his way to China. PrincessUrduja was described as a daughter of a ruler named Tawalisi of a land that was also calledTawalisi. The ruler of Tawalisi, according to Ibn Battuta, possessed many ships and was a rivalof China, which was then ruled by aMongol dynasty.
[1]
Ibn Battuta sailed for 17 days to reachChina from the land of Tawalisi.
[2]
 Ibn Battuta made a pilgrimage to Mecca and he traveled to many other parts of the Islamicworld. From India and Sumatra, Ibn Battuta reached the land of Tawalisi. Ibn Battuta describedUrduja as a warrior princess whose army was composed of men and women. Urduja was awoman warrior who personally took part in the fighting and engaged in duels with otherwarriors. She was quoted as saying that she will marry no one but him who defeats her in duel.Other warriors avoided fighting her for fear of being disgraced.
[3]
 Urduja impressed Ibn Battuta with her military exploits and her ambition to lead an expedition toIndia, known to her as the "Pepper Country." She also showed her hospitality by preparing abanquet for Ibn Battuta and the crew of his ship. Urduja generously provided Ibn Battuta withgifts that included robes, rice, two buffaloes, and four large jars of ginger, pepper, lemons, andmangoes, all salted, in preparation for Ibn Battuta's sea-voyage to China.
[4]
 
Research
Modern research indicates Ibn Batutta's story of Urduja to be pure fiction and the land of Tawalisi to be similarly fictitious.
[5]
 However, in the late 19th Century, Jose Rizal, national hero of the Philippines, who was also a
 
respected scholar but who did not have access to the sources William Henry Scott accessed,speculated that the land of Tawalisi was in the area of the northern part of the Philippines, basedon his calculation of the time and distance of travel Ibn Battuta took to sail to China fromTawalisi. In 1916, Austin Craig, a historian of the University of the Philippines, in "TheParticulars of the Philippines Pre-Spanish Past," who also did not have access to the sourcesWilliam Henry Scott accessed, traced the land of Tawalisi and Princess Urduja to Pangasinan.Philippine school textbooks used to include Princess Urduja in the list of great Filipinos. In theprovince of Pangasinan, the capitol building in Lingayen is named "Urduja Palace." A statue of Princess Urduja stands at the Hundred Islands National Park in Pangasinan.The description of Princess Urduja's gifts of rice, buffaloes, ginger, pepper, lemons, mangoes,and salt fits Pangasinan perfectly because of the abundance of those products in Pangasinan. Theclosely related Ibaloi people have an oral tradition of a woman named Udayan who ruled anancient alliance of lowland and highland settlements in Pangasinan and the neighboring provinceof Benguet. Ibn Battuta also mentioned that Urduja had some knowledge of Turkish. During thetime of Ibn Battuta period, the influence of the Turkish Ottoman Empire was on the rise.Ibn Batutta's travel account suggests that he also saw elephants in the land ruled by Urduja.Elephants can still be found in Borneo, and may have been gifts or traded in Pangasinan inearlier times. Ancient Malayo-Polynesian sailing vessels (such as the Balangay), like the onesused by the ancient Bugis and those depicted in the Borobudur bas-reliefs, were capable of transporting heavy cargoes, including elephants. There are depictions of such ancient ships inmaritime Southeast Asia transporting several elephants for trade.In Pangasinan, Urduja has been depicted as the only daughter of a
 Rajah
whose sons lost theirlives defending their agricultural settlements in the Agno River valley and sea trade routes totheir Srivijaya and Champa allies. Urduja was trained in the art of war since she was a child, andshe became an expert with the kampilan and a skilled navigator. She commanded a fleet of proasto protect their maritime trade networks against pirates and threats from Mongol ruled China.With her beauty, she attracted many suitors.
Urduja in popular culture
Princesa Urduja
, a live-action adventure film based on the legend, was released in 1942.
[6]
 
Urduja
, an animated feature based on the legendary princess,
[7]
was released on June 18, 2008. Itstars Regine Velasquez (in the lead role of Princess Urduja), Cesar Montano, Eddie Garcia,Johnny Delgado, Michael V. and Allan K. as voice actors. Joey de Leon wrote the lyrics, and themusic was composed by Ogie Alcasid.
See also
 
Ibn Battuta
 
Pangasinan
 
Benguet
 
Ibaloi
 
References
1.
 
^
Ibn Battuta,
The Travels of Ibn Ba
ṭṭ  
ū
ṭ  
a, A.D. 1325-1354
, vol. 4, trans. H. A. R. Gibband C. F. Beckingham (London: Hakluyt Society, 1994), pp. 884-5.2.
 
^
Ibn Battuta, p. 888.3.
 
^
Ibn Battuta, p. 887.4.
 
^
Ibn Battuta, pp. 886-7.5.
 
^
William Henry Scott,
Prehispanic Source Materials for the Study of Philippine History
,ISBN 9711002264, p.836.
 
^
"Princesa Urduja". IMDb. Retrieved 2009-10-07.7.
 
^
Urduja. Accessed August 28, 2008.
External links
 
"In Search of a Princess" from Urduja.com
[hide]
v • d • e
 
Philippine Mythology and FolkloreGeneral
 Religion · Creation stories
Supremedeities
 Bathala · Kan-Laon · Mangindusa
The Pantheonand theDiwata
 Amihan · Daragang Magayon · Ibong Adarna · Kumakatok · Maria Cacao ·Maria Makiling · Maria Sinukuan · Mayari · Bakunawa ·Sarimanok · Tala
Epic heroes
 Ama-ron · Bernardo Carpio · Datu Daya · Irong-Irong · Juan Tamad ·Kalantiaw · Lam-ang · Malakas and Maganda ·
Princess Urduja
 
Historicalpeople
 Dios Buhawi · Francisco Dagohoy · Papa Isio · Pulajans · Nardong Putik 
Historicalevents
 Dagohoy Revolt · Massacre at Dolores · Negros Revolution
Belief systems
 Anito · Code of Kalantiaw · Gabâ · Pamahiin · Pulajan religion
Spiritualleaders
 Albularyo · Babaylan · Datu · Hilot · Mambabarang · Mananambal ·Mangkukulam
Sacred places
 Mount Apo · Mount Arayat · Mount Banahaw · Mount Kanlaon · MountLantoy · Mount Makiling · Mount Mayon · Mount Pinatubo
Legendaryobjects
 Agimat · Anito · Code of Kalantiaw · Gintong Salakot

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