(ca. 1350 - 1400 CE), is a legendary warrior princess who is recognized as a heroineinPangasinan, Philippines. The name Urduja appears to be Sanskrit in origin, and a variation of the name "Udaya," meaning "arise" or "rising sun," or the name "Urja," meaning "breath." Ahistorical reference to Urduja can be found in the travel account of Ibn Battuta (1304 - possibly1368 or 1377 C.E.), a Muslim traveler from Morocco.
1 Ibn Battuta
3 Urduja in popular culture
4 See also
6 External links
Ibn Battuta described Urduja as the ruler of
in the land of
After reachingSamudra in what is now Sumatra, Ibn Battuta passed by Tawalisi on his way to China. PrincessUrduja was described as a daughter of a ruler named Tawalisi of a land that was also calledTawalisi. The ruler of Tawalisi, according to Ibn Battuta, possessed many ships and was a rivalof China, which was then ruled by aMongol dynasty.
Ibn Battuta sailed for 17 days to reachChina from the land of Tawalisi.
Ibn Battuta made a pilgrimage to Mecca and he traveled to many other parts of the Islamicworld. From India and Sumatra, Ibn Battuta reached the land of Tawalisi. Ibn Battuta describedUrduja as a warrior princess whose army was composed of men and women. Urduja was awoman warrior who personally took part in the fighting and engaged in duels with otherwarriors. She was quoted as saying that she will marry no one but him who defeats her in duel.Other warriors avoided fighting her for fear of being disgraced.
Urduja impressed Ibn Battuta with her military exploits and her ambition to lead an expedition toIndia, known to her as the "Pepper Country." She also showed her hospitality by preparing abanquet for Ibn Battuta and the crew of his ship. Urduja generously provided Ibn Battuta withgifts that included robes, rice, two buffaloes, and four large jars of ginger, pepper, lemons, andmangoes, all salted, in preparation for Ibn Battuta's sea-voyage to China.
Modern research indicates Ibn Batutta's story of Urduja to be pure fiction and the land of Tawalisi to be similarly fictitious.
However, in the late 19th Century, Jose Rizal, national hero of the Philippines, who was also a