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DDI SS Topicality Supplement One

DDI SS Topicality Supplement One

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Published by: AffNeg.Com on Dec 16, 2008
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06/14/2009

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DDI 2008 SS Assorted T Updates
T Updates
T Updates.................................................................................................................................................................1Synthetic Fuel = Alternative Fuel............................................................................................................................2Fuel =/= Energy.......................................................................................................................................................3Alternative Energy = Stuff Other Than Fossil Fuels...............................................................................................4Alternative Energy = Naturally Renewable.............................................................................................................5Substantial = 60%....................................................................................................................................................7 Natives – AT: “In the United States”........................................................................................................................8Reprocessing / Recycling Increases Energy............................................................................................................9Incentives Must “Directly Affect” – It’s An Exchange..........................................................................................10Incentives Must “Directly Affect” – Specific Intent..............................................................................................11Incentives Can Be Indirect.....................................................................................................................................12 Nuclear Power = Alternative..................................................................................................................................13Efficiency = Alternative Energy............................................................................................................................14 Nuclear =/= Alternative.........................................................................................................................................15Incentives =/= Regulations....................................................................................................................................16Incentives Include Finance / Regulations..............................................................................................................17Incentives Include Regulations To Encourage.......................................................................................................18 Nuclear Power = Alternative; Alternative =/= Renewable....................................................................................19 Nuclear Power = Renewable..................................................................................................................................20Incentive = Positive...............................................................................................................................................21Incentives = Positive OR Negative........................................................................................................................22
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DDI 2008 SS Assorted T Updates
Synthetic Fuel = Alternative Fuel
(coal-based) Synthetic fuel is alternative energy.
Amanda
Ferrell
 
, 1
st
Lieutenant, U.S. Air Force, 20
07
, Global Air Chiefs Conference Public Affairs, “Air Force energy initiatives focus on fuel, beyond,”http://www.af.mil/news/story.asp?id=1230696179/26/2007 - WASHINGTON (AFPN) --
Leaders of Air Force energy policy
and programs
convened
here Sept. 25
to discuss
the Air Force'sdirection and initiatives in the realm of 
renewable and alternative energy
sources. William C. Anderson, the assistant secretary of the Air Force for Installations, Environment and Logistics and senior energy executive, and his deputy, Kevin W. Billings, presented the latest Air Force energy initiatives during sessionsat the Air and Space Conference and Technology Exposition hosted by the Air Force Association. "Energy conservation and developing energy technology is a major Department of Defense effort," Mr. Anderson said. "As the largest consumer of energy in the federal government, the Air Force is in a great position to look for, promote and utilize alternative energy sources." We are working to incorporate new energy initiatives and programs at every installation, and we want to incorporatealternative energy and energy conservation everywhere it makes sense -- for the military and the civilian community, Mr. Billings said.
The Air Force iscommitted to
working with agencies in the private sector, experts in academia and throughout the DOD to
generate viable sources of energythat are both domestically sourced and more environmentally friendly than current petroleum-based sources
, Mr.Anderson said. While energy programs cover installation power, ground vehicles and other requirements, the current focus of energy technology in the Air Force isaviation fuel, which makes up 82 percent of all energy consumed in the Air Force, Mr. Billings said. In August,
the B-52
Stratofortress
was certified to usea blend of the current petroleum-based fuel, JP-8, and a synthetic fuel derived from coal, natural gas and feedstocks. "This synthetic fuel blend is currently the only viable alternative to jet fuel
, and the United States holds one of thelargest coal reserves in the world," Mr. Anderson said. "
Alternative energy holds tremendous potential to produce environmentaland ecological benefits
 
, so our search for alternative energy sources in the Air Force must lead to domestic sourced fuels with greener footprints than currentalternatives." "Synthetic fuel performs comparably to JP-8 and is being tested to prove its compatibility with all current aircraft engine types," Mr. Anderson said.
TheAir Force has scheduled synthetic fuel testing for each aircraft in the inventory
and has set a timeline for the transition. "Our goalis to have every aircraft in the Air Force inventory certified to use synthetic fuel by early 2011," Mr. Anderson said. Two factors regarding synthetic fuel that willdetermine its viability for Air Force consumption are that it be domestically-sourced and processed in an environmentally friendly way. It is also important the fuel be produced on a commercial scale and be efficient in both military and commercial aircraft, Mr. Billings said. "Converting coal into liquid fuel through the Fischer-Tropsch process creates 1.8 times more carbon (than refining petroleum)," Mr. Billings said. The Air Force is participating is research of carbon capture and reusemethods, which will actually reduce the carbon output below that of JP-8, making coal-derived fuels cleaner than current jet fuel." Accomplishing the Air Force missionis primary, but energy efficiency and reducing our carbon footprint while doing so is our goal, Mr. Billings said. "We are now working with the private sector togenerate ideas for increasing our energy supply," Mr. Billings said. Underutilized land on many military installations maybe a prime location for projects such as solar array technology, geothermal systems and other alternative energy projects. While the Air Force explores a variety of options for creating green, domestically-sourcedand more efficient fuel sources, one message remains clear.
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DDI 2008 SS Assorted T Updates
Fuel =/= Energy
Alternative energy is distinct from alternative fuel.
Christopher A.
Simon
, Prof PoliSci @ UNevada, 20
07
(Alternative Energy: Political, Economic, and Social Feasibility)
In this chapter, the book focuses on the scope of 
alternative energy
 
, a concept that
is
often discussed but
rarely defined. It is difficult todefine because the term is value laden
. The term “alternative energy” was the subject of a recent gathering of scientists in Canada, but by the end of the conference, the definition remained a work in progress; no definitive meaning was assigned (see CEA-NRCAn 2002). By defining the term, it is not my purpose tointentionally exclude or include any particular form of energy.
An understanding of the concept is necessary to better understand theenergy future
in relation to technological, economic, and policy feasibility of energy sources.
Understanding the difference betweenalternative energy and alternative fuels is an important distinction
that must be made at this point.
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