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t nukes

t nukes

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Published by: AffNeg.Com on Dec 16, 2008
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UMKC SDI 2008Topicality nuclear powe
Alternative Energy Topicality 1NC
A. Interpretation. Alternative Energy excludes nuclear, coal, natural gas, and coal.
, professor of political science, University of Nevada, Reno, Alternative Energy:Political, Economic and Social Feasibility,
p39-40The federal definition of alternative energy is best summarized by
Title 26, chapter 79, §7701 of the revised
U.S.Code: "the term 'alternative energy facility' means a facility for producing electrical or thermal energy if the primary energy source for the facility is not oil, natural gas, coal or nuclear power 
." The primary purposeof this definition relates to the issuance of tax credits to "alternative energy facilities," which meet certain standards as defined inTitle 26, chapter 1, §48 "Energy Credit." Tax credits are one method by which the federal government encourages the private sector'to make certain economic choices; in the case of energy policy, this definition of alternative energy will have a definitive impact onhow alternative energy will be defined by those individuals and corporate bodies seeking federal recognition (and benefit) byadopting a particular definition of alternative energy.
B. Violation. The plan increases incentives for nuclear power in the United States.C. Standards.1. Field context: our interpretation is derived from US Code. This establishes thebest real world application and, because it comes from the authority on the subjectof energy in the United States, it provides the necessary predictability to determinethe parameters for a topical plan. Any other interpretation would be arbitrary,skewing the potential for good debate.2. Limits: Restricting the resolution from oil, natural gas, coal or nuclear powerincentives limits affirmative cases to a fair standard. Prefer smaller limits so debatecan be deeper and negatives can effectively research the topic. Other interpretationswould justify an explosion of the topic – the result would be a new-affirmative of theweek, every week, destroying debate.D. Topicality is a voting issue.1. Fairness: without a fair topic, debate becomes a rigged game, ruining pedagogyand the nature of the competition.2. Jurisdiction: The judge only has the authority to answer the resolution question.Proving an alternative policy is a good idea would not warrant and “affirmative”ballot.
UMKC SDI 2008Topicality nuclear powe
Interpretation extensions
Alternative energy means not fossil fuels or nuclear. There are plenty of energyoptions from which to choose, proving that our interpretation is not over-limiting.The University of Utah
No date
given, “Alternative Energy Sources”http://home.utah.edu/~ptt25660/tran.html
Energy is the ability to do work. While energy surrounds us in all aspects of life, the ability to harness it and use it for constructiveends as enconomically as possible is the challenge before mankind.
Alternative energy refers to energy sources whichare not based on the burning of fossil fuels or the splitting of atoms. The renewed interest in this field of study comes from the undesirable effects of pollution
(as witnessed today)
 both from burning fossil fuels andfrom nuclear waste byproducts. Fortunately there are many means of harnessing energy which have lessdamaging impacts on our environment. Here are some possible alternatives: Solar, Wind Power,Geothermal, Tides, and Hydroelectric3

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