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Published by: AffNeg.Com on Dec 16, 2008
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Monday Night - Seniors
Misc. UpdatesPages 1-end --- Aff + Neg Cards
Monday Night - Seniors
 AT Gibson-Graham
Gibson-Graham is part of a capitalist agenda of expansion, they are a part of the capitalistpolitics paid to impose capitalism globally; don’t evaluate these biased arguments.
Wendland 06 (Joel, managing editor of Political Affairs, Book Review: A Postcapitalist Politics, by J.K. Gibson-Graham, http://www.politicalaffairs.net/article/articleview/4602/While their excavation of important cooperative projects provides worthwhile lessons for people interested insocialist alternatives to capitalism and imperialism that look beyond no longer existing models for a broader socialistconcept, there is a disturbing element to this book as evidenced by the location of this book within the framework of those very relationships that Gibson-Graham ignore. For example, in the preface to this book,
Gibson-Grahamacknowledge the receipt of a grant from the Australian Agency for International Development
(AusAID) for the research on Jagna. While Gibson-Graham are likely to regard their relationship to AusAID as an innocent one – something like, we used their money for our own subversive purposes – the
relationship is fraught with negativeimplications
. According to Australian economist Tim Anderson, under the right-wing Howard government,
AusAID’s explicit mission has been transformed from promoting general international "poverty reduction"projects to providing resources to such projects linked to Australia’s "national interest."
Anderson notes that prior to Howard
AusAID served as a mechanism
(within the international jurisdiction of the IMF and World Bank)
to impose neoliberal imperatives on regional countries
. In other words,
aid from AusAid came with "goodgovernance" conditions
that have come to typify neoliberal projects funded by wealthy countries. Under Howard,however 
, this role has shifted from merely forcing aided countries to adhere the general principles of theglobalizing project
(austerity, shrinking public sectors, etc.) t
o also promoting specific Australian interests suchas Australian based corporate enterprises. To be blunt, the role of AusAid
, according to Anderson,
has becomeone of promoting Australian imperialism among its neighbors
in the Asian Pacific islands. Reading Gibson-Graham and their affiliation with Australian imperialism in the light of Said’s project mentioned at the opening of this review is revealing. Thus we may see why
Gibson-Graham’s relationship to AusAID is not innocent
. Indeed,read with the linkage Said sought to expose in mind,
it is possible to understand why Gibson-Graham haverejected socialist alternatives to capitalism and national liberationist alternatives to imperialism
. Specifically,
by mapping non-capitalist and underdeveloped sectors in Jagna and discouraging socialist, broad class,international and national alternatives, Gibson-Graham’s work aids in opening the Philippines to Australia’simperialist agenda
Monday Night - Seniors
Turn: Excessive Oil subsides cause social unrest
Khavand 2007
(Dr. Fereydoun Khavand. April 19 2007. “Iran Must Reform Its Economy or Face SocialExplosion”. Iran Press Service. Khavand is a professor of economics at Paris Universities. http://www.iran-press-service.com/ips/articles-2007/april-2007/khavand_19407~email.shtml?author701)In one word, the injection of such a large amount of money into the shaky economy produced the staggeringrate of inflation the country is facing now. One has to stress that even the 23 to 24 per cent rate of theinflation suggested by the Parliament is artificial, for the simple reason that governments of the IslamicRepublic of Iran, by providing huge subsidies, keep down artificially the prices of many items, from bread tosugar, medicine and fuel, specially this one, which cost 80 Touman (Euro 8 centim) per lire, the cheapest inthe world. In order to keep the rate of inflation artificially low, not only Ahmadi Nezhad can not touch tosubsides, but also he has wide open the gates of importation. More over, thanks to the same oil revenues, hekeep the value of the local money artificially low, resulting in the increase of imports and difficulties for nonoil exports. Iran is the only country in the world giving subsidies to imports. The burden of this important rate of inflation is felt by the poor classes of the society, the very those that Ahmadi Nezhad had promised to help. Now let’s take one example: An employee of the government may get five per cent pay rise, but at the same time he looses 24 per cent of his purchasing power. Another result of thisinflation is that goods made in Iran become more and more expensive, incapable of competing with foreignmade goods, loosing their markets to competitors. Hence the extraordinary number of factories closing their doors, going bankrupt, not able to even pay their workers.

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