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Topicality - Scholars

Topicality - Scholars

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Published by: AffNeg.Com on Dec 16, 2008
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Gonzaga Debate Institute 2008
1ScholarsTopicalit
Topicality – Alternative Energy 
Resolved: The United States federal government should substantially increase alternative energy incentives in theUnited States.
Violations
Topicality – Alternative Energy......................................................................................................................................1***Violations..................................................................................................................................................................2Topicality – Substantially is 20% of Energy by Alternate Sources ...............................................................................3Topicality – Substantially is Without Material Quals – 1NC .........................................................................................4Topicality – Increase Requires Pre-Existing Incentives – 1NC .....................................................................................5Increase Requires Pre-Existing 2NC – AT: Overlimits...................................................................................................6Topicality – Alternative Energy is Singular – 1NC.........................................................................................................7Topicality – Alternative Energy Excludes Fossil Fuels – 1NC ......................................................................................8Topicality – Alternative Energy Excludes Nuclear – 1NC ............................................................................................9Topicality – Incentives Are Solely Positive – 1NC ......................................................................................................10Incentives are Solely Positive 2NC – Limits ...............................................................................................................11Topicality – Incentives Require Positive and Negative – 1NC.....................................................................................12Topicality – Incentives Exclude Mandated Reductions – 1NC ...................................................................................13Topicality – Incentives Must Be Plural – 1NC ............................................................................................................14Topicality – Effects – Direct vs. Indirect Incentives 1NC ...........................................................................................15***Emissions Trading...................................................................................................................................................16Emissions Trading is Not Incentives – Command and Control....................................................................................17Emissions Trading is Incentives – General ..................................................................................................................18Emissions Trading is Incentives – Positive...................................................................................................................19Emissions Trading Is Incentives – Predictability..........................................................................................................20***Definitions...............................................................................................................................................................21Definitions – Resolved .................................................................................................................................................22Definitions – The ..........................................................................................................................................................23Definitions – United States...........................................................................................................................................24Definitions – Federal Government................................................................................................................................25Definitions – Should.....................................................................................................................................................26Definitions – Should – AT: Past Tense of Shall............................................................................................................27Definitions – Substantially............................................................................................................................................28Definitions – Increase ..................................................................................................................................................29Definitions – Alternative Energy Incentives – Big List ...............................................................................................30Definitions – Alternative Energy Excludes Fossil Fuels...............................................................................................31Definitions – Alternative Energy Excludes Fossil Fuels/Nuclear.................................................................................32Definitions – Alternative Energy Includes Nuclear .....................................................................................................33Definitions – Alternative Energy Excludes Coal/Liquid Coal......................................................................................34Definitions – Alternative Energy Excludes Oil Shale/Liquid Coal..............................................................................35Definitions – Alternative Energy Distinct from Alternate Fuels...................................................................................36Definitions – Alternative Energy Includes Certain Fossil Fuels...................................................................................37Definitions – Incentives Are Solely Positive ...............................................................................................................38Definitions – Incentives Are Solely Positive ...............................................................................................................39Definitions – Incentives Exclude Mandates .................................................................................................................40Definitions – Incentives Include Command and Control Forcing Alternate Energy Use.............................................41Definitions – Incentives Exclude Regulations and Trading .........................................................................................42Definitions – Incentives Can Be Positive or Negative .................................................................................................43Definitions – Incentives Can Be Positive or Negative..................................................................................................44Definitions – Incentives Include Pollution Taxes ........................................................................................................45Definitions – Pollution Taxes are Incentives, Not for Alt. Energy...............................................................................46Definitions – In ............................................................................................................................................................47
 
Gonzaga Debate Institute 2008
2ScholarsTopicalit
***Violations
 
Gonzaga Debate Institute 2008
3ScholarsTopicalit
Topicality – Substantially is 20% of Energy by Alternate Sources
A. Our interpretation – a substantial increase in alternate energy incentives meansproviding enough incentives to generate 20% of overall energy from alternative sources
Martin
Westenfelder
, Valuation Professional and Economist with 15 years of strategy and business planningexperience in consulting and industry,
and
Josefa Julia Gil
Ramos
, Sociologist, management trainer and former lecturer on information management at the University of Madrid, December 31,
2007
, online:http://grwconsult.com/opinions/Energy.htm, accessed July 2, 2008First among the developments
we project
is
a substantial increase in the construction of wind parks
along the Atlantic Coast (esp. the UK, Portugal and France),
solar thermal power
in the mediterranean(Spain, Italy and Greece) and of a start-up of the EU-MENA connection sourcing
solar and wind energy
from Morocco and Algeria via the first stage of the TREC project which presently clearly seems like becoming reality.
A share of 20% renewable energies in the overall energy mix of Europe
in 2017
appears to be realistic
.CO2 Reduction ScenarioGiven the present establishment of a comprehensive energy reduction strategy in Europe already,
asignificant turn-around of the present situation in a magnitude comparable to the one described abovefor the US, is limited by technological innovation and
- build-up
capacity restrictions
.
B. The violation – the plan doesn’t mandate an increase in incentives sufficient to provide20% of overall energy from alternative sources.C. Prefer our interp1) Limits – look, we realize that ‘substantially’ is virtually impossible to define perfectlyobjectively but it has to mean SOMETHING in order to provide a meaningful check on theendless number of tiny alternative energy incentives the aff could offer – our interpguarantees broad, nation-wide affs that affect the entire energy sector. This provides plentyof aff ground while ensuring we always have SOMETHING to say.2) Neg ground – all our disads assume the plan transitions to a substantial portion of overall energy coming from alternate sources – oil prices, economy, etc all depend upon theaff affecting a broad cross-section of energy use – they can dodge all our stock generics withthe ‘wind farm incentives to Vermont’ aff.D. Vote negTopicality is a voting issue because it’s a jurisdictional side-constraint, to preserveeducation and fairness and because we shouldn’t have to waste time strategizing againstnon-topical affirmatives.

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