AP HUMAN GEOGRAPHY (SUTTON) EXAM REVIEWJulie’s Study Guideshttp://guidesbyjulie.blogspot.com/
Map distortion and projection
A map cannot be a perfect three-dimensional representation of the Earth
A distortion will occur in either distance or space on the map2.
Agricultural density: the ratio of the number of farmers to the total amountof land suitable for agriculture (arable land)
Arithmetic density (or population density): the total number of peopledivided by the total land area
Physiological density: the number of people per unit of area of arable land(land suitable for agriculture)3.
Impact of the Industrial Revolution on population demographics
Urbanization occurred for several reasons:
People came to urban areas in search of factory-type jobs
People left the rural areas because technological advancementsmeant that there were fewer jobs in agriculture4.
Population growth concepts
Nations in Europe, especially northern and western Europe, are generallybetter off economically than areas such as sub-Saharan Africa. If given a listof countries, one should be able to decide which country is most likely tohave a high birth rate, low death rate, etc.5.
Demographic transition theory
Stage One: High birth rate, high death rate: low population growth
Stage Two: High birth rate, lower death rate: population explosion
Stage Three: Lower birth rate, lower death rate: slow to moderate growth
Stage Four: Low birth rate, similar death rate as stage three: low to nowgrowth
Stage Five: similar birth rate as stage four, higher death rate: negativegrowth6.
Friction of distance
The farther away something is, the smaller the chance that something (anidea, a group of people, etc.) has spread there7.
Different kinds of hearths include cultural, political, agricultural, religious,social, and linguistic8.
U.S. population diffusion
Over time, the population of the United States has moved westward andsouthward