Bactiv-Aid Malolactic Nutrient (MLF):
Composed of inactivated yeast, casein and cellulose, this material will provideadditional organic nutrients for optimal growth of M-L bacteria. Use about 0.5gram per gallon at the time a malo-lactic culture is added. Shelf life is about 18months after opening the package. Not suitable as a yeast nutrient.
This proprietary cleaning agent uses active oxygen in a sodium carbonate basemaking it an ideal material for cleaning barrels. Contains no chlorine or sulfite.Normal usage is 1 Tblsp per gallon of water. An 8 oz tub will make 15 gallons of cleaner.
Bentonite (agglomerated fining agent):
This agent covers a wide spectrum of hazes. It is a montmorillonite clay which isespecially good at adsorbing positively charged particles. It is the best agent forprotein instability and it is easy to prepare. Its major downside is that it leaves afairly bulky lees. Normal use is 1 to 2 grams per gallon unless used duringfermentation when up to 5 grams per gallon may be used. It should be dispersed in asmall amount of water for 1 or 2 hours, then thinned with wine and stirred into thebatch to be treated. Settling will usually be complete within a week. Protein removalis best with lower pH wines and not as effective in high pH wines. It is used mainlywith white wines.
Bentonite: Microcol Alpha (agglomerated fining agent):
Natural micro-granular sodium bentonite having a strong protein adsorption action,intended for stabilization and clarification of must and wines with a wide spectrumof pH. It has been specifically selected for (1) strong protein adsorption power of temperature sensitive proteins in a wide range of pH, (2) stability of the electricalcharge, (3) excellent compaction of lees, (4) capacity to protect the aromaticintensity, and (5) improves brightness and color. Dosages: musts 1.5-3.0 grams perU.S. gallon, whites and rosé wines 1.2-2.4 grams per U.S. gallon, young red wines0.2-0.4 grams per U.S. gallon.
Bioactiv (yeast nutrient):
This product is a yeast nutrient composed of sterols, long chain fatty acids, vitamins,amino acids and cellulose developed by Laffort Oenologie. Bioactiv has manyapplications. When inorganic nitrogen is NOT desired, Bioactiv can be added duringa pump-over 6 to 8 hours post inoculation. If a white or rosé juice is too clear (lowNTU), Bioactiv can be combined with Granucel to compensate for the low turbidity.Bioactiv can be added to a sluggish fermentation to boost fermentationperformance. It can also be used to help restart a stuck fermentation by adding it 48hours prior to adding the yeast or fermentation restarter. Dosage is 2 grams pergallon, except when used with Granucel cut bacl to 1 gram per gallon.
Biolees (aging enzyme):
The traditional practice of
ageing in red and white wines is known to reducethe perception of acidity and phenolic bitterness while increasing sweetness. Thespecific peptite released from wine yeast during this process and responsible for its