Boiler Protection System and Burner Management System
The Boiler Protection System in combination with the Burner Management Systemprotects the boiler (including furnace explosion and implosion) from anunforeseen process fault or an incorrect action at the Distributed ControlSystem. The BPS / BMS in combination ensures all the necessary interlocksfor a safe start up and shut down of burner equipment. This narrativecontains provisions required for compliance with the NFPA 8501 Standard forSingle Burner Operation.The Burner Management System is designed to ensure a safe, orderly operatingsequence in the start up and shut down of fuel firing equipment and toreduce possible errors by following the operating procedure.In some phases of operation, the BMS shall provide permissive interlocks only toinsure safe start-up of equipment. Once the equipment is in service, theoperator must follow acceptable safe operating practices.It is essential that all parts of the BMS are in good working order and in servicewhenever the burner is in service if the system is to provide the protectionfor which it is designed. Regular maintenance and inspection of the systemand its associated hardware is essential for its continued safe operation.
The purge system assures that the boiler furnace, theassociated air and flue gas paths, machineries like FD, ID and APH andequipments containing sources of ignition energy like ESP are purged with airto remove any explosive mixture before ignition. The BPS during the purgeverifies that the air and flue gas paths are open, fuel shut off valves areclosed and no flame is detected.
Master fuel trip :
While monitoring the fuel system and the furnace operatingcondition, a fault is detected, the BPS shall trip the MFT valve and individualburners shut off valves, main and ignitor shut off valves, de energise sparksand other ignition sources. When a MFT is caused by a loss of FD Fan and IDFan trip signal, all the air and flue gas passages of the boiler should beopened to fully opened condition to provide as much Natural draft aspossible. This condition shall be maintained for a 15 minute period. At theend of this period, fans shall be started to perform a post firing purge.
Each ignitor and burner is provided with proper flame sensor(fail safe trip) to continuously monitor the flame presence at any boilercondition. Each ignitor is equipped with IFM flame proving system usingflame ionisation principle.