Proceedings
of
International
Conferenceon
Mechatronics
Kumamoto
Japan,810
May
2007
SpaceVector
PWM
Inverter
Feeding
a
Small
Induction
Motor
A.
Maamoun,
A.
M.
Soliman
Electronics
Research
Institute
ElTahrir
Street,
Dokki,
Cairo
EGYPT
Postal
Code:
12622,
Fax:2023351631
maamoun(ieri.sci.eg
Abstract

The
paper
presents
a
spacevector
pulse
widthmodulation
(SVPWM)
inverter
feeding
a
smallthreephaseinduction
motor.
The
SVPWM
inverter
enables
to
feedthe
motor
with
a
higher
voltage
with
low
harmonic
distortions
than
the
conventional
sinusoidal
PWM
inverter.
The
voltage/frequency
control
method
is
used
for
open
loop
speed
control
ofinduction
motor
with
a
reasonable
degree
of
accuracy.
The
performance
ofthe
proposed
drive
system
is
simulated.
The
advantages
ofthe
proposed
drive
system
are
confirmed
by
thesimulation
results.
Vdc
A.
M.
Kheireldin
Faculty
ofEngineering
Ain
Shams
University
Cairo
EGYPT
I
INTRODUCTION
The
spacevector
pulse
widthmodulation
(SVPWMI)
technique
has
become
a
popular
pulse
width
modulation
technique
for
threephase
voltagesource
inverters
in
thecontrol
of
AC
motors
[16].
The
SVPWMI
voltagesource
inverters
for
variable
voltage
variable
frequency
(VVVF)
drives
of
small
induction
motors
are
widelyused
both
in
industrial
and
household
applications
[7,8].
The
SVPWMI
inverter
is
used
to
offer
15%
increase
in
the
dclink
voltage
utilization
andlow
output
harmonic
distortions
compared
with
the
conventional
sinusoidal
PWM
inverter.
The
control
strategy
of
the
inverter
is
the
voltage/frequency
control
method,which
is
based
on
the
space
vector
modulation
technique.
The
paper
presents
a
SVPWM
inverter
feeding
a
small
three
phase
induction
motor.
The
voltage/frequency
control
is
used
for
open
loop
speed
control
of
induction
motorwith
a
reasonable
degree
of
accuracy.
II
SPACEVECTOR
MODULATION
TECHNIQUE
A
diagram
of
the
power
circuit
of
a
threephase
voltage
source
inverter
(VSI)
is
shown
in
Fig.
1,
where
Va,
Vb,
and
Vc
are
theoutput
voltages
applied
to
thestarconnected
motor
windings,
and
where
Vdc
is
the
continuous
inverter
input
voltage.Qi
through
Q6
are
the
six
power
transistors
those
shape
the
output,
which
are
controlled
by
a,
a\,
b,
b\,
c,
and
c.
When
an
upper
transistor
is
switched
on
(when
a,
b,
or
c
is
1),
the
corresponding
lower
transistor
is
switched
off
(the
corresponding
a
,
b\,
or
c\
is
0).
There
are
eight
different
combinationsof
switching
states
as
follows
(000),(100),(110),(010),(011),(001),(101),
and
(111).
The
first
and
last
states
do
not
cause
a
current
to
flow
to
the
motor,
and
hence,
the
line

to

line
voltages
arezero.
The
other
six
states
can
produce
voltages
to
be
applied
to
the
motor
terminals.
motor
phhases
Figure
1
Threephase
voltage
source
inverter
diagram
If
the
inverter
operation
starts
by
state
(100)
to
be
state
1,
it
is
possible
to
compute
the
voltage
space
vectors
for
all
inverter
states
which
are
shown
in
the
complex
space
vector
plane
in
Fig.2.
The
six
active
voltage
space
vectors
are
ofequal
magnitude
and
mutuallyphase
displaced
by
600.
The
generalexpression
for
the
eight
voltage
vectors
is
[5]:
2Vdc
exp
Kj
k
)
wherek
=1,61>6
Vs,kw=
13
dc
i
31
0
where
k=
0,7
(1)
The
maximum
fundamental
phase
voltage
magnitude
that
may
be
produced
by
the
inverter
for
a
givendc
link
voltage
occurs
under
sixstep
operation,
and
is
given
by:
2
VI,
six
step
=Vdc
(2)
On
the
other
hand,
the
maximum
achievable
fundamental
phase
voltage
magnitude
for
conventional
sinusoidal
modulation
is
[6]:
Isin
pwm
2
(3)
From
equations
(2)
and
(3),
only
78.5%
of
the
inverter
capacity
is
used.
142441184X/07/$25.00©2007
IEEE
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