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Table Of Contents

INTRODUCTION
Background
HORIZONTAL DIRECTIONAL DRILLING PROCESS
Pilot Hole Reaming
Drilling Mud
Pull-back
Mini-Horizontal Directional Drilling
GEOTECHNICAL INVESTIGATION
Geotechnical Data For River Crossings
Summary
PRODUCT DESIGN: DR SELECTION
DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS FOR NET EXTERNAL LOADS
EARTH AND GROUNDWATER PRESSURE
Stable Borehole Groundwater Pressure Only
Borehole Deforms/Collapse With Arching Mobilized
Borehole Collapse with Prism Load
Combination of Earth and Groundwater Pressure
Live Loads
Table 1 - H20 Loading Under Rigid Pavement (AISI)
Figure 2 - Performance Limits of HDD Pipe Subjected to Service Loads
PERFORMANCE LIMITS OF HDD INSTALLED PIPE
Time-Dependent Behavior
RING DEFLECTION (OVALIZATION)
Ring Deflection Due To Earth Load
Ring Deflection Limits (Ovality Limits)
Unconstrained Buckling
Figure 3 - Ovality Compensation Factor
Wall Compressive Stress
EXAMPLE CALCULATIONS
INSTALLATION DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS
PULL-BACK FORCE
Frictional Drag Resistance
Capstan Force
Figure 4 Estimated Pull-back Force Calculation
Hydrokinetic Force
TENSILE STRESS DURING PULL-BACK
Table 5. Safe Pull Load for HDPE Pipes
EXTERNAL PRESSURE DURING INSTALLATION
Resistance to External Collapse Pressure During Pull-Back Installation
BENDING STRESS
THERMAL STRESSES AND STRAINS
TORSION STRESS
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Directional Drilling PPI

Directional Drilling PPI

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Published by: ironeous on Apr 18, 2012
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11/07/2012

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