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SAER-5803

SAER-5803

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Published by: sethu1091 on Apr 18, 2012
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Engineering Report
SAER-580331 December 2001Concrete Repair Manual
Document Responsibility: Consulting Services Dept./CEU
Saudi Aramco DeskTop Standards
TABLE OF CONTENTS
BACKGROUND OF THE PROBLEM...................................................................................1OBJECTIVES............................................................................................................................4SUMMARY................................................................................................................................6
 
CHAPTER 1:A GUIDE TO MECHANISMS OF CONCRETE DETERIORATION
1.1FORMS OF CONCRETE DETERIORATION.......................................................1-21.2CONCRETE DETERIORATION DUE TO REINFORCEMENTCORROSION...........................................................................................................1-21.3CARBONATION.....................................................................................................1-31.4SULFATE ATTACK...............................................................................................1-31.5SALT WEATHERING.............................................................................................1-41.6ALKALI AGGREGATE REACTION.....................................................................1-51.7CRACKING OF CONCRETE.................................................................................1-6
1.7.1 Plastic Shrinkage and Settlement Cracks...............................................................1-81.7.2 Drying Shrinkage and Creep Cracks......................................................................1-91.7.3 Cracks Due to Thermal Cycles................................................................................1-91.7.4 Cracks due to Chemical Processes in Concrete......................................................1-9
1.8CONCRETE DETERIORATION DUE TO Acid Attack........................................1-91.9CONCRETE DAMAGE DUE TO FIRE................................................................1-101.10EFFECT OF MICROORGANISMS ON CONCRETEDETERIORATION................................................................................................1-10
CHAPTER 2...................................ASSESSMENT OF CONCRETE DETERIORATION
2.1INTRODUCTION....................................................................................................2-22.2EVALUATION PROGRAM....................................................................................2-22.3PREPARATION PRIOR TO PRELIMINARY INSPECTION...............................2-32.4PRELIMINARY INVESTIGATION.......................................................................2-32.5DETAILED INVESTIGATION...............................................................................2-4
 2.5.1 Data Collection (Documentation)...........................................................................2-5 2.5.2 Field Measurements and Condition Survey............................................................2-5 2.5.3 Sample Collection....................................................................................................2-6 
 
 2.5.4 Testing of Field Samples.........................................................................................2-7  2.5.5 Analysis and Evaluation..........................................................................................2-8 2.5.6 Final Report...........................................................................................................2-11
2.6COMMONLY USED TEST METHODS..............................................................2-12
CHAPTER 3STRATEGY FOR REPAIR OF DETERIORATED CONCRETE STRUCTURES
3.1INTRODUCTION....................................................................................................3-23.2NO REPAIR.............................................................................................................3-33.3REPAIR....................................................................................................................3-3
 3.3.1. Cosmetic Repair.......................................................................................................3-4 3.3.2 Partial Repair...........................................................................................................3-4 3.3.3 Total Repair.............................................................................................................3-4
3.4PARTIAL OR TOTAL REPLACEMENT...............................................................3-53.5STRATEGY FOR REPAIRING A STRUCTURE WITH REINFORCEMENTCORROSION...........................................................................................................3-5
 3.5.1 “Do Nothing” Option for with Corroded Bars .......................................................3-5 3.5.2 Cosmetic Repair of Structures with Corroded Bars ...............................................3-5 3.5.3 Patch Repair of Structures with Corroded Bars.....................................................3-8 3.5.4 Total Repair of Structures with Corroded Bars......................................................3-8 3.5.5 Partial or Total Replacement of Structures with Corroded Bars...........................3-8
CHAPTER 4...................................REPAIR MATERIALS AND THEIR EVALUATION
4.1INTRODUCTION....................................................................................................4-24.2REPAIR MATERIALS............................................................................................4-2
 4.2.1 Repair Mortars.........................................................................................................4-2 4.2.2 Bond Coat Materials................................................................................................4-5 4.2.3 Steel Primers............................................................................................................4-6  4.2.4 Surface Coatings......................................................................................................4-7 

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