Document Responsibility: Loss Prevention SAER-6119Issue Date: 19 May 2007 Guidelines for Removal or Replacementof Halon 1301 Fire Extinguisher SystemsPage 3 of 13
3.2 SAES-B-014, Safety Requirements for Plant and Operations Support Buildings,was revised in 1996. The 1996 revision discouraged the installation of newHalon 1301 fixed fire extinguishing systems. Instead of depending on Halon,modern facilities are designed with more fire separation, higher-rated fire walls,highly sensitive fire detection systems, and noncombustible materials to avoidthe need for gaseous fire extinguishing systems.3.3 In 1998, Saudi Aramco started to use FM-200 [HFC 227ea; heptafluoropropane]for new facilities where gaseous clean agent fire extinguishing was required.This was primarily due to its wide use in the world, including its selection andprior use by the Saudi Government in installations that Saudi Aramco nowoperates. At the time, FM-200 was the most widely used clean fireextinguishing agent in the world.3.4 In 2006, Novec 1230 [C
-fluoroketone] was the second Halon alternative fireextinguishing agent approved for use in Saudi Aramco facilities. InformationTechnology (IT) engineers investigated many Halon alternative agents to beused in place of Halon systems for new and existing facilities in consultationwith the Chief Fire Prevention Engineer. They chose Novec 1230, an ozonefriendly gas that is also electronics friendly.
4 Approved Alternative Clean Agents
4.1 Both Novec 1230 and FM-200 have been accepted as clean fire extinguishingagents for use in Saudi Aramco facilities, whether manned or unmanned. Bothhave an Ozone Depletion Potential (ODP) of zero. Both are listed as cleanagents in the Significant new Alternatives Policy (SNAP) program approvalfrom the U. S. Environmental Protection Agency. The use of FM-200 may bereconsidered in the future because hydrofluorocarbons (materials that consist of hydrogen, fluorine, and carbon), have been identified in the Kyoto Protocol asgreenhouse gases targeted for emission reduction because of their high globalwarming potential. Some companies have stopped using FM-200 and nowspecify Novec 1230 or other inert agents because it is a hydrofluorocarbon.
Table 1 - Environmental Properties of Halon 1301,Novec 1230, and FM-200
Properties Halon 1301 Novec 1230 FM-200
Ozone DepletionPotential (ODP)12 0 0Global WarmingPotential (GWP)6900 1 3500Atmospheric life (Years) 65 0.014 33