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Green Solar Cities

Green Solar Cities

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Published by Merant De Vera
Green Solar Cities

THEME

Best Practice for low-energy building
October 2008

Danish Association for Sustainable Cities & Building

Foreword
Green Solar Cities
2008 Published by: Danish Association of Sustainable Cities & Building c/o European Green Cities Vesterbrogade 149 DK 1620 København V Tel: 33 22 90 90 e-mail: jf@greencities.eu www.fbbb.dk

Best Practice for low-energy building

Sustainable and Energy-efficient Building – from Special Cases to Mainstream
Peder Vejsig Pedersen, Cenergia
Green Solar Cities

THEME

Best Practice for low-energy building
October 2008

Danish Association for Sustainable Cities & Building

Foreword
Green Solar Cities
2008 Published by: Danish Association of Sustainable Cities & Building c/o European Green Cities Vesterbrogade 149 DK 1620 København V Tel: 33 22 90 90 e-mail: jf@greencities.eu www.fbbb.dk

Best Practice for low-energy building

Sustainable and Energy-efficient Building – from Special Cases to Mainstream
Peder Vejsig Pedersen, Cenergia

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Published by: Merant De Vera on Apr 18, 2012
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Best Practice forlow-energy building
GreenSolar Cities
Danish Association for Sustainable Cities & Building October 2008
THEME
 
Page 2
· October 2008
October 2008 ·
Page 3
 
Best Practice or low-energy buildingForewordContents
Green Solar Cities
2008Published by:Danish Association o Sustainable Cities& Buildingc/o European Green Cities Vesterbrogade 149DK 1620 København V Tel: 33 22 90 90e-mail: j@greencities.euwww.bbb.dk Editor: Peder Vejsig PedersenBirgitte SkjøttJens FrendrupCover: Planned new-built in SalzburgImpression: 1500 copiesGraphicDesign: idworks a/s, ÅrhusPrinted: Scanprint a/s, Viby J., DenmarkISO 14001 environmentallycertiied and EMAS-approvedissn 1901-442As a natural consequence o the Association’s approach to theenvironment, we have chosento emboss this printed materialwith the Nordic Swan eco-label.The Swan label guarantees thatthe paper, ink, etc. conorm tostringent environmentalstandards. Furthermore, thisprinted material can be recycledater use.
Sustainable and Energy-efficient Building– from Special Cases to Mainstream
Present-day building is only rarely carried outin a sustainable and energy-efficient manner.This also applies to Denmark where recentyears have seen notable urban developmentwith plenty of building projects. There is,however, no particular emphasis on energyand environmental qualities. This meansthat nowadays, both consultants, buildersand planners often lack the knowledge thatis needed to ensure that all future building issustainable and energy-efficient—a necessity if we are to take the climate challenge seriously.In 1996 I participated in a partnershipwith the Salzburg region, the SIR institute,and the GSWB housing association in con-nection with the first EU-supported, low-energy building project in the region. Ratherthan this being an exception, it became thebeginning of a development that secured bet-ter financing of energy-efficient buildingthrough a special point system.During the years that followed, thisensured an impressive development towardmaking energy-efficient building, includingpassive-house building, the common stand-ard while at the same time emphasizing theuse of sustainable energy solutions such assolar heating and biomass in 60% and 50% of new building projects, respectively. In Den-mark, these percentages probably don’t evenapproach 1%.The achieved EU-subsidy for energy-effi-cient building and sustainable energy providesan exceptional opportunity for the Concertoproject, Green Solar Cities, to use the Valbyarea in the Municipality of Copenhagen forsetting new building standards. In this regard,it is our hope that it will be possible to drawinspiration from Salzburg’s accomplishment inmainstreaming the use of energy-efficientbuilding and sustainable energy.By the same token, here in Copenhagen weexpect to be able to provide positive solutionsthat will be beneficial to Salzburg, includingthe use of solar cells for CO2-neutral buildingprojects or cost-effective solutions that includebalanced ventilation with heat recovery.
Peder Vejsig Pedersen, Cenergia, chairman or the Association o Sustainable Cities and Buildings
Project Components:
The approx. 43,000 m² site once home to thecity’s public utilities will be transformed intonew rental apartments, a kindergarten, and astudent residence. On its south end, a businesscampus featuring a technology center, offices,and medical research laboratories is planned,while the existing office high-rise will undergorenovations. Along with these major construc-tions an innovative energy-use plan for theentire site is to be developed as well.
Old Stadium – New Center Lehen
On the site of the old soccer stadium (a newone has since been built on the outskirts of the city) will go a new city library, a seniorcenter, a coffee shop, a bar, and approx. 40apartments whose heating and warm waterwill be supplied by thermal solar panels. Thegreen area in the middle will be preserved.
Renovation o Existing ApartmentBuildings
Many of the existing apartments on the sitelack insulated outer walls and central heatingsystems. Plans and schedules
 The Concerto site is located in the Lehen district o Salzburg, a high-density area near the center o the city. The districtmostly consists o multi-story residences built between 1950 and 1970, though in recent years its basic compositionhas undergone undamental change: the soccer stadium was demolished, commercial zones were abandoned, andthe small shops along Ignaz Harrer Street moved to large shopping centers or closed down entirely. During the nextew years, targeted construction projects will be carried out to revitalize the district, reintegrate major componentso public lie (e.g., the city library), and create desperately needed rental apartments. Moreover, two new S-Bahn stopsare to be built on the city’s rail line, giving the district a new level o accessibility by way o public transportation.
 The Concerto Project
– in urban area Lehen, Salzburg
Project Description Salzburg Engineer Inge Strassl, SIR Salzburg Institute or Residential Planning and Housing
Peder Vejsig PedersenMany older properties will be renovatedPlanned development in the city centre
 The Concerto Project Lehen, Salzburg
Inge Strassl
....................... 3 - 4 The Concerto Project Valby, Copenhagen
 Jakob Klint
.......................5 - 7Indoor comort and user behaviour: Ventilation systems
Evert Hasselaar .
...................8-10
 
New Ventilation Solutions or Renovations
 Jakob Klint .
.....................11-12
 
District Heating With Solar Power and local”micro” grids
Helmut Meisl,
....................13- 14District heating or the low-energy buildings
Peder Vejsig Pedersen
..................15 The passive house development in Sweden
 
Maria Wall
.....................16 - 18 The Samer Mösl Passive House
Stephan Gröger og Marita Gruber.............
19 Architecture and urban developmentas an instrument in climate contribution
Anne Marie Holt Christensen
........20 - 21Copenhagen on its way towards CO2-neutral conurbations
Annette Egetoft
...................22-24Incentive System or Ecological Housing inSalzburg
Inge Strassl
......................25-27
 
Page 4
· October 2008
October 2008 ·
Page 5
 
Best Practice or low-energy building
Originally Valby was a little village, but wasextended at the end of the 19th century andthe beginning of the 20th century with theconstruction of houses and factories, thusbecoming part of Copenhagen City.Valby is the entrance to Copenhagen,when one approaches the city from the westor the south and many of Copenhagen’s mostimportant rail and road routes pass throughthe district. Many major Danish companiesstarted their activities in Valby and manyof them still have their headquarters in thedistrict: for example, the Carlsberg Breweries.Today the older industrial areas are beingreshaped into residential and business quar-ters, where new businesses mainly compriseoffice and service firms and, to a lesser extent,actual factories and production plants.
Solar Cell Plan 2025
2000 saw the start of the collaboration bet-ween a wide range of operators in Copenha-gen and Valby with a view to making Valby atrial area for solar cells. This led to the visionof supplying 15% of Valby’s electricity fromsolar cells by 2025. Since then a substantialnumber of solar energy projects have beenestablished in the district. The Concerto Pro- ject Green Solar Cities is part of the overallplan and now the focus is not only on solarenergy, but also on low energy in renovationand building projects. The plan and initia-tives in Valby fit in well with Copenhagen’svision of becoming an Environmental Metro-polis by 2015 and the various visions of CO2–neutral urban development.In connection with the reshaping of anumber of older industrial areas, the comingyears will also witness the renovation andconversion of many old buildings, as wellas the construction of new dwellings, insti-tutions and office buildings. The Concertodistrict encompasses many of these projects,where the focus includes low energy buildingand the use of solar energy.
 The re-shaping o older industrialareas
The reshaping of Valby’s former industrialareas began with the centrally located “Cera-mic Site” in 2001. This was originally thesite of a cotton mill and a ceramic factory,whose production included isolators forhigh voltage pylons. Today the area hasbeen reshaped to include dwellings, officebuildings and a new shopping mall. Manyof the old industrial buildings have beenconverted to new purposes. The ceramicfactory’s former boiler room is now a stateschool and the adjoining laboratory for highvoltage isolators is now a cultural/sportscentre for both the school and the district.The conversion of these buildings includedthe integration of a great many solar cellinstallations on the roofs and facades of thebuildings. This autumn will see the com-pletion of the most spectacular installation:the decoration of a gable with solar cells andneon lights. This will be a new landmark forthe district.Langgadehus will be the final buildingproject in the reshaping of this area. Thisis the building of a whole block, consistingof an 8,000m
2
old people’s centre, includingaccommodation for the elderly and 60 units100 m
2
private dwellings. This will be aLow Energy Class 2 building project andthe private dwellings will be prefabricatedin Estonia. The intention is to construct theold people’s centre with solar energy instal-lations on the roof. Building is projected tostart in early 2009, ready for occupancy inSeptember 2010.
 The F.L. Smidth site
The F.L. Smidth site is the second lar-gest industrial area to be reshaped in Valby.The construction of dwellings and offices isalready in full swing. Many existing buildingsare being put to use.
 The Concerto Project
- in urban area Valby, Copenhagen
Jakob Klint, Kuben
Copenhagen’s Concerto quarter is situated in the district o Valby, but also encompasses smaller areas in twoadjoining districts. The district o Valby is situated in the southwest corner o Copenhagen City at a distance o approximately 5 km rom the city centre
are currently being developed for the gradualconnection of these apartments to the local(solar-powered) grid.
Renovation o the High-rise
The existing office high-rise is to be reno-vated to comply (roughly) with energy effi-cient housing standards. Modern buildingtechnology with controlled apartment venti-lation will provide optimal comfort, while aproportion of the building’s electricity is tobe generated by solar cells.
Focal Points of the Project:
1) The new buildings in the planning area(encompassing approx. 400 apartments andbusinesses) are to be built and insulatedeither as ultra-low energy constructions oraccording to the passive house standard forenergy use, and all building materials willmeet rigorous efficiency standards. Themaximum heating load is set at 30 W/m²GFA, equivalent to a heating energy require-ment of <20 W/m².2) Renovation of existing buildings: Thereare many residential buildings on the sitebuilt between 1950 and 1975, and only someof these have been given adequate thermalinsulation. With the help of thermal imagingrenovation plans are to be developed that canbe implemented gradually. Innovative renova-tion ideas are also to be conceived for existingoffice buildings.3) General energy-use plan based on solarpower and industrial waste heat fromdistrict heating. Technical details:
•Alargethermalsolarsystem(withat
least 2,000 m² of collector space) willbe combined with heat pump technologyfor increased efficiency. An integrated100,000 liter buffer tank will supply thesite’s local grid with warm water andheating.
•Unusedenergyistobefedintothe
district heating grid.
•Integratedsolarcellsforelectricity
supply of lighting for below-groundgarages, commercial zones, and ventilation.4) General urban planning approach to sitewith regard to traffic, mobility for new apart-ment residents, and open space. The newS-Bahn stations will make the district moreaccessible. In the new construction areasopen spaces are to be provided for, thoughopen spaces and parking lots around existingstructures are to be examined as well.5) Community matters: Citizen informationand participation, the inclusion of new resi-dents and social assistance in the moving-inphase. Spaces will be available in the groundfloor for meetings and cultural activities.The goal of the Concerto Project is torebuild the Lehen district for a sustainablefuture. The new construction will illuminatepre-existing structures, consider roads, traffic,and open space, and initiate a process of rene-wal that will make Lehen a model for sustaina-ble development. Over a relatively small area,the project will demonstrate that the sun cangenerate electricity and heat apartments in themiddle of a city, that innovative places to meetand live can emerge, and that new businesses,cultural activities, and free space can arise whe-re old unused sites once stood.
Ongoing development in Lehen city centre An office block that will be renovated to almost passive-house standards

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