· October 2008
October 2008 ·
Best Practice or low-energy buildingForewordContents
Green Solar Cities
2008Published by:Danish Association o Sustainable Cities& Buildingc/o European Green Cities Vesterbrogade 149DK 1620 København V Tel: 33 22 90 90e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org Editor: Peder Vejsig PedersenBirgitte SkjøttJens FrendrupCover: Planned new-built in SalzburgImpression: 1500 copiesGraphicDesign: idworks a/s, ÅrhusPrinted: Scanprint a/s, Viby J., DenmarkISO 14001 environmentallycertiied and EMAS-approvedissn 1901-442As a natural consequence o the Association’s approach to theenvironment, we have chosento emboss this printed materialwith the Nordic Swan eco-label.The Swan label guarantees thatthe paper, ink, etc. conorm tostringent environmentalstandards. Furthermore, thisprinted material can be recycledater use.
Sustainable and Energy-efficient Building– from Special Cases to Mainstream
Present-day building is only rarely carried outin a sustainable and energy-efficient manner.This also applies to Denmark where recentyears have seen notable urban developmentwith plenty of building projects. There is,however, no particular emphasis on energyand environmental qualities. This meansthat nowadays, both consultants, buildersand planners often lack the knowledge thatis needed to ensure that all future building issustainable and energy-efficient—a necessity if we are to take the climate challenge seriously.In 1996 I participated in a partnershipwith the Salzburg region, the SIR institute,and the GSWB housing association in con-nection with the first EU-supported, low-energy building project in the region. Ratherthan this being an exception, it became thebeginning of a development that secured bet-ter financing of energy-efficient buildingthrough a special point system.During the years that followed, thisensured an impressive development towardmaking energy-efficient building, includingpassive-house building, the common stand-ard while at the same time emphasizing theuse of sustainable energy solutions such assolar heating and biomass in 60% and 50% of new building projects, respectively. In Den-mark, these percentages probably don’t evenapproach 1%.The achieved EU-subsidy for energy-effi-cient building and sustainable energy providesan exceptional opportunity for the Concertoproject, Green Solar Cities, to use the Valbyarea in the Municipality of Copenhagen forsetting new building standards. In this regard,it is our hope that it will be possible to drawinspiration from Salzburg’s accomplishment inmainstreaming the use of energy-efficientbuilding and sustainable energy.By the same token, here in Copenhagen weexpect to be able to provide positive solutionsthat will be beneficial to Salzburg, includingthe use of solar cells for CO2-neutral buildingprojects or cost-effective solutions that includebalanced ventilation with heat recovery.
Peder Vejsig Pedersen, Cenergia, chairman or the Association o Sustainable Cities and Buildings
The approx. 43,000 m² site once home to thecity’s public utilities will be transformed intonew rental apartments, a kindergarten, and astudent residence. On its south end, a businesscampus featuring a technology center, offices,and medical research laboratories is planned,while the existing office high-rise will undergorenovations. Along with these major construc-tions an innovative energy-use plan for theentire site is to be developed as well.
Old Stadium – New Center Lehen
On the site of the old soccer stadium (a newone has since been built on the outskirts of the city) will go a new city library, a seniorcenter, a coffee shop, a bar, and approx. 40apartments whose heating and warm waterwill be supplied by thermal solar panels. Thegreen area in the middle will be preserved.
Renovation o Existing ApartmentBuildings
Many of the existing apartments on the sitelack insulated outer walls and central heatingsystems. Plans and schedules
The Concerto site is located in the Lehen district o Salzburg, a high-density area near the center o the city. The districtmostly consists o multi-story residences built between 1950 and 1970, though in recent years its basic compositionhas undergone undamental change: the soccer stadium was demolished, commercial zones were abandoned, andthe small shops along Ignaz Harrer Street moved to large shopping centers or closed down entirely. During the nextew years, targeted construction projects will be carried out to revitalize the district, reintegrate major componentso public lie (e.g., the city library), and create desperately needed rental apartments. Moreover, two new S-Bahn stopsare to be built on the city’s rail line, giving the district a new level o accessibility by way o public transportation.
The Concerto Project
– in urban area Lehen, Salzburg
Project Description Salzburg Engineer Inge Strassl, SIR – Salzburg Institute or Residential Planning and Housing
Peder Vejsig PedersenMany older properties will be renovatedPlanned development in the city centre
The Concerto Project Lehen, Salzburg
....................... 3 - 4 The Concerto Project Valby, Copenhagen
.......................5 - 7Indoor comort and user behaviour: Ventilation systems
Evert Hasselaar .
New Ventilation Solutions or Renovations
Jakob Klint .
District Heating With Solar Power and local”micro” grids
....................13- 14District heating or the low-energy buildings
Peder Vejsig Pedersen
..................15 The passive house development in Sweden
.....................16 - 18 The Samer Mösl Passive House
Stephan Gröger og Marita Gruber.............
19 Architecture and urban developmentas an instrument in climate contribution
Anne Marie Holt Christensen
........20 - 21Copenhagen on its way towards CO2-neutral conurbations
...................22-24Incentive System or Ecological Housing inSalzburg