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MP EM Ass 26: The Nature of Light

MP EM Ass 26: The Nature of Light

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Published by: BlueAstro on Apr 18, 2012
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Assignment 26: The Nature of Light
 
Due: 8:00am on Wednesday, April 18, 2012
 Note:
To understand how points are awarded, read your instructor's Grading Policy.
± Understanding the Propagation of Light
 
Learning Goal:
To understand ray diagrams, as well as basic reflection and refraction problems.
There are two ways of indicating, in a diagram, the path that light follows. One way is by using wavefronts (shown inblue); the other is by using rays (shown in red) . Wavefronts represent, in aschematic way, the successive peaks of the electromagnetic wave at a specific time. Light is a transverse wave; itmoves
 perpendicular 
to the wavefronts. Rays are used to indicate the direction of motion of the light. Ray diagrams aretypically used in problems where the wave nature of light is not important, as will be the case in geometric optics.Notice in the diagram that the wavefronts get closer together inside of the glass. This is because the speed of light inglass is less than that in air. The
 frequency
of a wave does not change when it propagates through different media, eventhough its
speed 
may change. (Waves can be neither created nor destroyed at the boundary between different media;hence, the number of waves that strike the boundary per unit time must equal the number of waves that leave theboundary per unit time.)Let be the wave's speed, its wavelength, and its frequency. These quantities are related via the equation . Notethat, if the wave speed decreases, the wavelength must also decrease for the frequency to remain constant.
Part A
 
What is the wavelength of light in glass, if its wavelength in air is , its speed in air is , and its speed in the glass is ?
Hint A.1
 
How to approach the problem
 
 Hint not displayed 
 
Express your answer in terms of , , and .
ANSWER:
 
=
 
CorrectThe letter is used to denote the speed of light in vacuum. Although the speed of light in air should have been used for thispart, the speeds of light in air and vacuum are so similar that they are often used interchangeably. You should always keep thisin mind, as problems that specify many significant figures may require you to use the correct speed in air. For the rest of thisproblem, however, assume that the difference between the speeds of light in air and vacuum is too small to affect your results.
 
Part B
 
The index of refraction for a material is defined to be . Rewrite your answer from Part A in terms of the index of 
 
refraction.Express your answer in terms of and .
ANSWER:
 
=
 
Correct
Part C
 
If red light of wavelength 700 in air enters glass with index of refraction 1.5, what is the wavelength of the light in theglass?Express your answer in nanometers to three significant figures.
ANSWER:
 
=
 
467Correct
Two important things happen to light when it strikes a transparent boundary: It gets reflected and it gets refracted.When you see your reflection in glass, you are seeing the result of reflection from a transparent boundary. In the figure, the ray moving toward the air/glass interface is called the incident ray. Theray leaving the boundary in air is called the reflected ray. The ray leaving the boundary inside the glass is called therefracted ray.Reflection from a mirror and reflection from a transparent boundary both obey the law of reflection: , where isthe angle of incidence (the angle between the incoming ray and the normal to the surface), and is the angle of reflection (the angle between the normal line and the reflected ray) .
Part D
 
If light strikes the air/glass interface at an angle 32.0 to the normal, what is the angle of reflection, ?Express your answer in degrees to three significant figures.
ANSWER:
 
=
 
32CorrectThe second important effect of light striking a transparent boundary is refraction. Refraction is the bending of light caused bythe difference in the speed of light between materials. When light moves into a medium with a higher index of refraction (i.e.,lower speed of light), the refracted ray has a smaller angle to the normal than the incident ray. Snell's law gives this angle of 
 
refraction, : . Since we are assuming that the speed of light in airis very close to the speed of light in vacuum, you will use in this problem.
Part E
 
If light strikes the air/glass interface at an incidence angle of 32.0 , what is the angle of refraction, ? Use 1.50 for theindex of refraction of glass.Express your answer in degrees to three significant figures.
ANSWER:
 
=
 
20.7Correct
Exercise 33.22
 
Light is incident along the normal on face of a glass prism of refractive index 1.52, as shown in the figure.
Part A
 
Find the largest value the angle can have without any light refracted out of the prism at face AC if the prism is immersed inair.
ANSWER:
 
=
 
48.9Correct
Part B
 
Find the largest value the angle can have without any light refracted out of the prism at face AC if the prism is immersed inwater.
ANSWER:
 
=
 
28.7Correct
Exercise 33.31
 
A parallel beam of unpolarized light in air is incident at an angle of 53.0 (with respect to the normal) on a plane glass surface.The reflected beam is completely linearly polarized.
Part A
 

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