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Multivariate Ratio Estimation With Known Population Proportion Of Two Auxiliary Characters For Finite Population, by Rajesh Singh, Sachin Malik, A. A. Adewara, Florentin Smarandache

Multivariate Ratio Estimation With Known Population Proportion Of Two Auxiliary Characters For Finite Population, by Rajesh Singh, Sachin Malik, A. A. Adewara, Florentin Smarandache

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Published by science2010
In the present study, we propose estimators based on geometric and harmonic mean
for estimating population mean using information on two auxiliary attributes in simple
random sampling. We have shown that, when we have multi-auxiliary attributes, estimators
based on geometric mean and harmonic mean are less biased than Olkin (1958), Naik and
Gupta (1996) and Singh (1967) type- estimator under certain conditions. However, the MSE
of Olkin( 1958) estimator and geometric and harmonic estimators are same up to the first
order of approximation.
In the present study, we propose estimators based on geometric and harmonic mean
for estimating population mean using information on two auxiliary attributes in simple
random sampling. We have shown that, when we have multi-auxiliary attributes, estimators
based on geometric mean and harmonic mean are less biased than Olkin (1958), Naik and
Gupta (1996) and Singh (1967) type- estimator under certain conditions. However, the MSE
of Olkin( 1958) estimator and geometric and harmonic estimators are same up to the first
order of approximation.

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Published by: science2010 on Apr 18, 2012
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Multivariate Ratio Estimation With Known Population ProportionOf Two Auxiliary Characters For Finite Population
*Rajesh Singh, *Sachin Malik, **A. A. Adewara, ***Florentin Smarandache*Department of Statistics, Banaras Hindu University,Varanasi-221005, India**
Department of Statistics, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria
*** Chair of Department of Mathematics, University of New Mexico, Gallup, USA
Abstract
In the present study, we propose estimators based on geometric and harmonic meanfor estimating population mean using information on two auxiliary attributes in simplerandom sampling. We have shown that, when we have multi-auxiliary attributes, estimatorsbased on geometric mean and harmonic mean are less biased than Olkin (1958), Naik andGupta (1996) and Singh (1967) type- estimator under certain conditions. However, the MSEof Olkin( 1958) estimator and geometric and harmonic estimators are same up to the firstorder of approximation.
Key words
: Simple random sampling, auxiliary attribute, point bi-serial correlation,harmonic mean, geometric mean.
1.
 
Introduction
Prior knowledge about population mean along with coefficient of variation of thepopulation of an auxiliary variable is known to be very useful particularly when the ratio,product and regression estimators are used for estimation of population mean of a variable of interest. There exist situations when information is available in the form of the attribute
φ
 which is highly correlated with y. For example y may be the use of drugs and
φ
may begender. Using the information of point biserial correlation between the study variable andthe auxiliary attribute Naik and Gupta (1996), Shabbir and Gupta (2006), Ab-Alfatah (2009)and Singh et al. (2007, 2008) have suggested improved estimators for estimating unknownpopulation mean
Y
.
 
Using information on multi-auxiliary variables positively correlated with the studyvariable, Olkin (1958) suggested a multivariate ratio estimator of the population mean
.Y
Inthis paper, we have suggested some estimators using information on multi-auxiliaryattributes. Following Olkin (1958), we define an estimator as
=
=
1iiiiap
Prwy
(1.1) where (i)
i
w
’s are weights such that
=
1ii
w
=1 (ii)
s'P
i
are the proportion of the auxiliaryattribute and assumed to be known and (iii)
,pyr
ii
=
y
is the sample mean of the studyvariable Y and
i
p
is the proportion of auxiliary attributes
i
P
 based on a simple randomsample of size n drawn without replacement from a population of size N.Following Naik and Gupta (1996) and Singh et al. (2007), we propose anotherestimator
s
tas
=
=
1iiis
Prt
(1.2) Two alternative estimators based on geometric mean and harmonic mean are suggested as
( )
i
w1iiigp
Pry
=
=
(1.3) and
11iiiihp
Prwy
=
    
=
(1.4) such that
1w
1ii
=
=
 
 
These estimators are based on the assumptions that the auxiliary attributes are positivelycorrelated with Y. Let
ij
φ
ρ
(i=1,2,…k; j=1,2,…k ) be the phi correlation coefficient between
i
P
and
 j
P
and
i0
ρ
be the correlation coefficient between Y and
i
P
.
( )
2N1ii ji2
P1N1S
ij
=φ
φ=
,
( )
2N1ii2o
YY1N1S
=
=
and
22020
YSC
=
,
2i22i
PSC
ij
φ
=
 In the same way
i0
C and
ij
C
are defined.Further, let
( )
21~'
w,...,w,ww
=
and
),...,2,1 j;,...2,1i(CC
ppij
===
×
 2. BIAS AND MSE OF THE ESTIMATORS
To obtain the bias and MSE’s of the estimators, up to first order of approximation, letYYye
0
=
and
iiii
PPpe
=
 such that
).,...,2,1,0i(0)e(E
i
==
.Expressing equation (1.1) in terms of e’s, we have
( )( )
=
++=
1i1i0iap
e1e1Ywy
 =
[ ]
=
+++
1i3i2i010 2ii0i
eeeeeeee1wY
(2.1) Subtracting
Y
from both the sides of equation (2.1) and then taking expectation of bothsides, we get the bias of the estimator
ap
y
up to the first order of approximation as
( )
=
==
1ii0i1i2iiap
CwCwYyB
(2.2) Subtracting
Y
from both the sides of equation (2.1) squaring and then taking expectation of both sides, we get the bias of the estimator
ap
y
up to the first order of approximation as
( )
++=
==
1i ji jii0i 1i2i2I202ap
Cww2CCw2CwCYyMSE (2.3)

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