Fayssal Husseini, PE, PTOE, LEED Green AssociateDavren Chartier, EIT, LEED Green Associate
April 16, 2012
Everett Street, Brighton, Traffic Engineering ServicesNitsch Project #7917.31The goal of this memorandum is to evaluate the feasibility of installing a crosswalk across Everett Street (overI-90) at the intersection of Everett Street (over I-90) at Everett Street. Nitsch Engineering conducted apedestrian crossing count at the aforementioned intersection to evaluate the demand of the crosswalk. NitschEngineering also performed a spot speed study and a sight distance analysis to evaluate the safety of thecrosswalk location. Nitsch Engineering performed the pedestrian count, spot speed study, and sight distanceanalysis on March 19, 2012. A copy of the field measurements for the pedestrian count, spot speed study, andsight distance analysis are attached.
Spot Speed Study
Nitsch Engineering conducted a spot speed study for vehicles travelling both northbound (NB) and southbound(SB) on Everett Street (over I-90). The average speeds of vehicles travelling SB and NB on Everett Street(over I-90) were 22.8 mph and 27.3 mph, respectively. The 85
percentile speeds for vehicles travelling SBand NB were 27 mph and 30 mph, respectively.
Sight Distance Analysis
Stopping sight distance (SSD) is the distance traversed by a vehicle from the instant the driver sights an objectnecessitating a stop to the instant the brakes are applied, plus the distance needed to stop the vehicle from theinstant brake application begins
. Stopping sight distance was measured using AASHTO (AmericanAssociation of State Highways and Transportation Officials) guidelines based on vehicle travel speed, driver’seye height, and height of object. Intersection sight distance (ISD) is the distance required for vehicles exitingthe minor street to safely access the adjacent roadway without interrupting the flow of traffic on the adjacentroadway
. For intersection sight distance, AASHTO includes both a minimum and recommended distance,with the minimum distance equal to the stopping sight distance. No posted speed limits were observed duringthe field visit. Therefore, a design speed of 30 mph was used to obtain the sight distance values for bothstopping and intersection sight distance.Stopping sight distance for vehicles travelling SB & NB along Everett Street (over I-90) approaching thepotential crosswalk location and intersection sight distance for vehicles on Everett Street looking south andnorth along Everett Street (over I-90) were measured and compared with the AASHTO required andrecommended values. Refer to Table 1 for a comparison of measured and required sight distances.
A Policy on Geometric Design of Highways and Streets, AASHTO, Washington D.C., 2004, Chapter 3
Ibid, Chapter 9