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MIAC2130

MIAC2130

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Published by Muthuraman Subbiah

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Published by: Muthuraman Subbiah on Apr 19, 2012
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04/23/2012

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Higher College of TechnologyDepartment of EngineeringMechanical Section
 
HAND OUT MIAC2130REFRIGERATION &AIR CONDITIONINGFUNDAMENTALS
Prepared By
Mr.S.Muthuraman
Lecturer, Department of Engineering(Mechanical Engineering Section)
 
HCT
INDEX
UnitNoContents OutcomesPageNo
1
Refrigeration Overview
1,432
Basics of Thermodynamic concepts
1,483
Refrigerant
3184
Mechanical Refrigeration System
5,6235
Compressor 
7,8,9376
Condenser 
2,11447
Evaporator 
2,11498
Metering Devices
13539
Defrosting
105710
Non Mechanical Refrigeration System
56011
 Air Conditioning Fundamentals
1,46412
Charging & Testing of refrigeration System
1267 A
References
-
69B
Question Bank
-
70C
Appendix
-
75
 
Unit-1Refrigeration Overview
MIAC2130 Refrigeration and Air conditioning FundamentalsPage 2
 
HCT
1.1
Refrigeration and Air-conditioning
 Refrigeration:
The process of removing heat.
Refrigeration
may be defined as the process of achieving and maintaining a temperature belowthat of the surroundings, the aim being to cool some product or space to the required temperature.One of the most important applications of refrigeration has been the preservation of perishable food products by storing them at low temperatures.Refrigeration systems are also used extensively for providing thermal comfort to human beings bymeans of air conditioning.
 Air-conditioning:
A form of air treatment whereby temperature,
 
humidity, ventilation, and air cleanliness are all controlled within limits determined by the requirements of the air conditionedenclosure.
Air Conditioning
refers to the treatment of air so as to simultaneously control its temperature,moisture content, cleanliness, odour and circulation, as required by occupants, a process, or  products in the space.
1.1.1 The first law of 
thermodynamics:
  Heat and mechanical work were equivalent and stood in a fixedrelationship to each other.
1.1.2 The second law of 
thermodynamics:
  Wherever there is a temperature difference, a moving force can be generated.
1.1.3 Gas
laws:
  An understanding of the behaviour of what we call refrigerants isequally as important. i.e. the behaviour of the gas laws can be applied torefrigerants.PV=RT……………………EQ1.1
1.2 Applications of Refrigeration & Air Conditioning:
Now-a-days refrigeration and air conditioning find so many applications that theyhave become very essential for mankind, and without refrigeration and airconditioning the basic fabric of the society will be adversely affected. The major applications of refrigeration can be grouped into following four majorMIAC2130 Refrigeration and Air conditioning FundamentalsPage 3

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