Refrigeration and Air-conditioning
The process of removing heat.
may be defined as the process of achieving and maintaining a temperature belowthat of the surroundings, the aim being to cool some product or space to the required temperature.One of the most important applications of refrigeration has been the preservation of perishable food products by storing them at low temperatures.Refrigeration systems are also used extensively for providing thermal comfort to human beings bymeans of air conditioning.
A form of air treatment whereby temperature,
humidity, ventilation, and air cleanliness are all controlled within limits determined by the requirements of the air conditionedenclosure.
refers to the treatment of air so as to simultaneously control its temperature,moisture content, cleanliness, odour and circulation, as required by occupants, a process, or products in the space.
1.1.1 The first law of
Heat and mechanical work were equivalent and stood in a fixedrelationship to each other.
1.1.2 The second law of
Wherever there is a temperature difference, a moving force can be generated.
An understanding of the behaviour of what we call refrigerants isequally as important. i.e. the behaviour of the gas laws can be applied torefrigerants.PV=RT……………………EQ1.1
1.2 Applications of Refrigeration & Air Conditioning:
Now-a-days refrigeration and air conditioning find so many applications that theyhave become very essential for mankind, and without refrigeration and airconditioning the basic fabric of the society will be adversely affected. The major applications of refrigeration can be grouped into following four majorMIAC2130 Refrigeration and Air conditioning FundamentalsPage 3