Under Article III, Section 4 of the New York Costitution (“Section 4”), a countyor pair of counties does not become relevant for the Senate-size calculation until it reaches 6% of the State’s total population, or 3 full “ratios.”4.
Because they were too small to warrant their own disricts, numerous countieswere combined into shared Senate districts in the 1894 Constitution. These include Delaware,Chenango, and Sullivan Counties, which shared Senate District 26 in 1894, and Otsego andHerkimer Counties, which together comprised District 33. None of these counties has ever comeclose to having three full ratios separately or in combination, and therefore they have never affected the Senate size calculation under Section 4.5.
Richmond and Suffolk Counties together comprised District 1 in 1894. From1894 through and including the 1960 Census, neither Richmond nor Suffolk individually, nor Richmond
Suffolk as a pair, reached the 6% (or three full “ratios”) threshold. According tothe 1960 Census, the total citizen population of New York State was 16,240,786, yielding a“ratio” for that year of 324,816. (Citizen population was used as the apportionment basis untilthe addition of Section 5-a to Article III in 1970.) The citizen population of Richmond Countywas 216,764 in 1960, or 0.67 ratios. The citizen population of Suffolk County was 650,112 in1960, or 2.00 ratios. Under either Method A (2.67 ratios) or Method B (two full ratios),Richmond-Suffolk did not play any role in the 1960 Section 4 Senate-size calculus.6.
But by the 1970 Census, Richmond and Suffolk counties had grown enough totogether reach three full ratios under
Method A and Method B. According to the 1970Census, the total population of New York State was 18,241,266, yielding a “ratio” for that year of 364,825.
The population of Richmond County in 1970 was 295,443, or .81 ratios. Suffolk
These population figures are taken from the Interim Report.
Ex. 1. The latest
Case 1:11-cv-05632-DLI-RR-GEL Document 289-2 Filed 04/04/12 Page 3 of 48 PageID #:4461