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Design for Social Sustainability

Design for Social Sustainability

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Published by: Daisy on Apr 20, 2012
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DESIGN FORSOCIALSUSTAINABILITY
 A framework for creating thrivingnew communities
Saffron Woodcraft with Tricia Hackett & Lucia Caistor-Arendar Foreword by Sir Peter Hall
 
2
DESIGN FOR SOCIAL SUSTAINABILIT DESIGN FOR SOCIAL SUSTAINABILIT
1
 
Future Communities is apartnership programmeestablished by the YoungFoundation to explorepractical ways in which new housing settlements cansucceed as communities wherepeople want to live and work.
Our starting point is that although there iswidespread understanding of the physical andenvironmental challenges involved in creatingnew settlements, there is still much to belearnt from the UK, and internationally, aboutwhat makes some communities succeed andothers fail. Lessons from communities that
have become high prole failures should tell
us that understanding the social dimensionsof new settlements is crucial for their long-term success and sustainability. The social
and nancial costs of failure are high.
In this paper we argue that building new
communities that can ourish and become
socially successful and sustainable is asimportant as designing places that arephysically, economically and environmentallysustainable. Social sustainability is an issueof public value as well as the wellbeing,quality of life and satisfaction of futureresidents. It demands a new approach toplanning, design and development thatwe call social design, which needs to beintegrated into policy and professionalpractice across all the disciplines involvedin the creation of new communities – muchlike the way standards of environmentalsustainability have become widely adopted inrecent years.This paper sets out how to plan, design anddevelop successful and socially sustainablenew communities. The ideas and examplesare drawn from a large scale review of evidence about what makes communities
ourish, with practical examples and
approaches from new settlements around theworld. It was commissioned by the Homesand Communities Agency as part of FutureCommunities. This work will be publishedon www.futurecommunities.net as an onlinetoolkit during 2011.
 ABOUT FUTURECOMMUNITIES
1 Where are the people?2 The case for social sustainability
CONTENTS
3 What does social sustainability mean?4 Designing in social sustainability
4
243036
4.1 Amenities & social infrastructure4.2 Social & cultural life4.3 Voice & influence
42
4.4 Space to grow
5 Conclusion
 
References
814204851
Foreword by Sir Peter Hall
2
 
2
DESIGN FOR SOCIAL SUSTAINABILIT
Sir Peter Hall
Bartlett Professor of Planning andRegeneration, UCLSenior Research Fellow, the YoungFoundation
FOREWORD 
3
 When the Young Foundationstarted on the work that hasled to this publication, no onecould have ever imagined justhow topical it would become.
The August riots in London and other Britishcities, which manifested a collapse of socialsustainability and social order on a scalenever before witnessed in this country, havenaturally provoked a huge wave of publicdebate, a form of national hand-wringing, onwhat has happened and why. Our carefully-nurtured self-image as a nation, an imageof good-natured tolerance which absorbedand eroded differences in class and raceand culture, lies all but shattered. Nowhereis this more true in London, whose citizensand civic leaders observed disturbances inother places – in northern cities, in Paris –and comfortably said “it could never happenhere”.But it could, and it has. So the topic of this new study, which might have seemedperipheral and academic, has become centraland urgent. Its authors were naturally
concerned rst with the creation of successful
new communities – new suburbs, newtowns – where previously no communityexisted. But the challenge is equally great,or greater, in the creation of successful newcommunities within the existing urban fabric.Here, as the riots so starkly show, we havefailed. New estates have been injectedinto older housing areas without adequatethought as to how the two would integrate.Housing policies, doubtless with the best of intentions, have produced concentrations of people with multiple forms of deprivation andmultiple resulting problems. At the sametime, the surrounding communities haveoften themselves been transformed in the
opposite direction, through gentrication.
The predictable result, in the worst cases,has been the obverse of social cohesion:a form of deep social resentment of onecommunity against the rest, and indeed thewider world. This is why the lessons and therecommendations of this report are boundto have a salience that its authors can neverhave imagined.Sir Peter Hall, August 2011.
FOREWORD BY SIRPETER HALL

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