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Flyer - Flood Management in Singapore 2010

Flyer - Flood Management in Singapore 2010

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Published by: snguidemynah on Apr 20, 2012
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04/20/2012

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FLOODS – NOW AND THENWHY DO FLOODS STILL HAPPEN?
Most times, our drains are able to cope with the rain that we receive. However, extremely heavy rainall cansometimes exceed the capacity that the drains are designed or, especially in low-lying areas. That is whenash oods – small and localised oods that come and go relatively quickly – may occur.Singapore is no stranger to oods,with our abundant rainall andrelatively low-lying land. Back inthe 60s and 70s, oods — someas high as waist-level — aectinglarge areas were common whenheavy rains came.Today, the situation has improvedgreatly. Flood-prone areas inSingapore have reducedsignifcantly by 98%, rom 3,178hectares in the 1970s to 62hectares today, despite increasedurbanisation which usually wouldhave resulted in more oods. Thisis the result o careul planning andinvestments o some $2 billion inthe past 30 years toward buildingan extensive drainage system,about 7,000km long, and continuousimprovement works.
Unlike the past (photos above),what we experience today areash oods that are small andlocalised, and subside quickly
Despite the trend elsewhere
Drains and canals convey rainwater towardour reservoirs
3,178ha
in 1970
62ha
as at July 2010
Flood-prone areas
o higher ooding incidencebecause o urbanisation,careul urban planning inSingapore has seen areverse trend.
 
HOW DO WE MANAGE FLOOD RISKS?
PUB manages ood risks in three ways:
1 Providing adequate drainage ahead onew developments
Planning is crucial. Prior to any new landdevelopment or beore construction begins inany area, PUB works together with agenciessuch as URA, HDB, LTA and JTC to map outnecessary drainage measures.For example, to ensure that new roads areprotected against ooding, PUB works closelywith the relevant agencies to ensure that newroads are built to the required levels or oodprotection in addition to ensuring that the drainagesystems along these roads are adequate.The necessary drainage is designed based on:
•rainfallintensityfrompastrecordssizeofthecatchmentareasurfacerunoff
2 Adopting food protection measures
It is not possible to prevent ooding entirelythrough the drainage system. To provide oradditional ood protection, PUB has put in placea Code o Practice that stipulates drainagerequirements. This includes minimum platormand crest levels or buildings and entrances tounderground acilities (e.g. basement carparks,underground MRT stations, etc.). In the case oolder buildings, PUB will provide advice onappropriate protection measures should thesebuildings be aected by ash oods.
Access to underground MRT stations (e.g. Newton)is at least 1m above the highest recorded ood level
In low-lying areas, however, drainage improvementprojects are eective only i the surrounding groundlevel is also raised. Such projects will be carriedout when the area is redeveloped.For existing older roads which are relativelylow-lying and ood-prone, the road levels wouldbe raised either in conjunction with drainageupgrading works or LTA’s road upgrading worksas part o PUB’s plan to reduce ood-prone areaswherever possible. One example is the raisingo Orchard Road. Raising Orchard Road by anaverage o 30cm will give it an additional oodprotection against storms like those experiencedon 16 June 2010. When an area is earmarkedor redevelopment, PUB will review the drainagesystem in that area and raise the building and roadlevels to increase ood protection.PUB has scheduled works in most o the areasaected by the recent oods. These areas includeBukit Timah, Thomson, Syed Alwi, Rochor Canal,Bedok and Telok Kurau. For a list o the projects,please reer to:
www.pub.gov.sg/managingashoods/reducingoods/Pages/ImprovementWorks.aspx
Drainage improvement at Sungei Seletar
BEFOREAFTER3 Making continual drainage improvement
Continual drainage improvement works, whichcould include widening and deepening o drainsand canals, are carried out to ensure the adequacyo the drainage system.
Building ownerscan installmeasures suchas ood gatesto protect theirpremisesagainst oods
FloodGate
 
MARINA BARRAGE
Marina Barrage helps reduce ood risks in low-lyingareas o the city such as Chinatown, Jalan Besar,Geylang, Boat Quay and Little India as it removestidal inuence rom the Marina Reservoir. Duringheavy storms, when the reservoir water level ishigher than the sea level, up to nine gates can beopened to discharge water rom the reservoir intothe sea. I the sea level is higher, up to six pumpscan be activated to discharge excess storm water.
A trade-o o widening the canal is a reduction in the numbero road lanes
34m20m
Can we solve the food problem by wideningand deepening drains?
 While having larger drains helps, there is alimit to how wide drains can be as land is alsoneeded or other uses such as housing androads. There is also a limit to digging deeperdrains as a minimum gradient is requiredor eective conveyance o storm water tothe reservoirs.
Flood Control
Keeps out seawater, acting as a tidal barrier toalleviate ooding in the low-lying areas in the city.
Marina Barrage helps in ood control bydischarging excess storm water into the sea
Did poor maintenance contribute to fooding?
PUB has a stringent maintenance regime andworks closely with its contractors to ensurethat drains are checked and cleared regularly.Moving orward, PUB and its contractors willcontinue to do so to minimise blockage o drains.
Beore Marina Barrage was builtDischarge o excess storm water via gatesAter Marina Barrage was builtDischarge o excess storm water via pumps

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