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Flyer - Flood Management in Singapore 2010

Flyer - Flood Management in Singapore 2010

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Published by snguidemynah

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Published by: snguidemynah on Apr 20, 2012
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Most times, our drains are able to cope with the rain that we receive. However, extremely heavy rainall cansometimes exceed the capacity that the drains are designed or, especially in low-lying areas. That is whenash oods – small and localised oods that come and go relatively quickly – may occur.Singapore is no stranger to oods,with our abundant rainall andrelatively low-lying land. Back inthe 60s and 70s, oods — someas high as waist-level — aectinglarge areas were common whenheavy rains came.Today, the situation has improvedgreatly. Flood-prone areas inSingapore have reducedsignifcantly by 98%, rom 3,178hectares in the 1970s to 62hectares today, despite increasedurbanisation which usually wouldhave resulted in more oods. Thisis the result o careul planning andinvestments o some $2 billion inthe past 30 years toward buildingan extensive drainage system,about 7,000km long, and continuousimprovement works.
Unlike the past (photos above),what we experience today areash oods that are small andlocalised, and subside quickly
Despite the trend elsewhere
Drains and canals convey rainwater towardour reservoirs
in 1970
as at July 2010
Flood-prone areas
o higher ooding incidencebecause o urbanisation,careul urban planning inSingapore has seen areverse trend.
PUB manages ood risks in three ways:
1 Providing adequate drainage ahead onew developments
Planning is crucial. Prior to any new landdevelopment or beore construction begins inany area, PUB works together with agenciessuch as URA, HDB, LTA and JTC to map outnecessary drainage measures.For example, to ensure that new roads areprotected against ooding, PUB works closelywith the relevant agencies to ensure that newroads are built to the required levels or oodprotection in addition to ensuring that the drainagesystems along these roads are adequate.The necessary drainage is designed based on:
2 Adopting food protection measures
It is not possible to prevent ooding entirelythrough the drainage system. To provide oradditional ood protection, PUB has put in placea Code o Practice that stipulates drainagerequirements. This includes minimum platormand crest levels or buildings and entrances tounderground acilities (e.g. basement carparks,underground MRT stations, etc.). In the case oolder buildings, PUB will provide advice onappropriate protection measures should thesebuildings be aected by ash oods.
Access to underground MRT stations (e.g. Newton)is at least 1m above the highest recorded ood level
In low-lying areas, however, drainage improvementprojects are eective only i the surrounding groundlevel is also raised. Such projects will be carriedout when the area is redeveloped.For existing older roads which are relativelylow-lying and ood-prone, the road levels wouldbe raised either in conjunction with drainageupgrading works or LTA’s road upgrading worksas part o PUB’s plan to reduce ood-prone areaswherever possible. One example is the raisingo Orchard Road. Raising Orchard Road by anaverage o 30cm will give it an additional oodprotection against storms like those experiencedon 16 June 2010. When an area is earmarkedor redevelopment, PUB will review the drainagesystem in that area and raise the building and roadlevels to increase ood protection.PUB has scheduled works in most o the areasaected by the recent oods. These areas includeBukit Timah, Thomson, Syed Alwi, Rochor Canal,Bedok and Telok Kurau. For a list o the projects,please reer to:
Drainage improvement at Sungei Seletar
BEFOREAFTER3 Making continual drainage improvement
Continual drainage improvement works, whichcould include widening and deepening o drainsand canals, are carried out to ensure the adequacyo the drainage system.
Building ownerscan installmeasures suchas ood gatesto protect theirpremisesagainst oods
Marina Barrage helps reduce ood risks in low-lyingareas o the city such as Chinatown, Jalan Besar,Geylang, Boat Quay and Little India as it removestidal inuence rom the Marina Reservoir. Duringheavy storms, when the reservoir water level ishigher than the sea level, up to nine gates can beopened to discharge water rom the reservoir intothe sea. I the sea level is higher, up to six pumpscan be activated to discharge excess storm water.
A trade-o o widening the canal is a reduction in the numbero road lanes
Can we solve the food problem by wideningand deepening drains?
 While having larger drains helps, there is alimit to how wide drains can be as land is alsoneeded or other uses such as housing androads. There is also a limit to digging deeperdrains as a minimum gradient is requiredor eective conveyance o storm water tothe reservoirs.
Flood Control
Keeps out seawater, acting as a tidal barrier toalleviate ooding in the low-lying areas in the city.
Marina Barrage helps in ood control bydischarging excess storm water into the sea
Did poor maintenance contribute to fooding?
PUB has a stringent maintenance regime andworks closely with its contractors to ensurethat drains are checked and cleared regularly.Moving orward, PUB and its contractors willcontinue to do so to minimise blockage o drains.
Beore Marina Barrage was builtDischarge o excess storm water via gatesAter Marina Barrage was builtDischarge o excess storm water via pumps

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