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NCCS Full Version

NCCS Full Version

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Published by: snguidemynah on Apr 20, 2012
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Singapore’s National Climate Change Strategy 
Singapore’s NationalClimate Change Strategy
March 2008 
Singapore’s National Climate Change Strategy 
Environmental sustainability and economic growth have been keydrivers of Singapore’s socio-economic development. As a small country withfew natural resources, it is important that we optimise the use of our availableenvironmental and energy resources, and at the same time achieve synergiesacross the policy objectives of environmental sustainability, economiccompetitiveness and energy security.2. A similar approach is required to address climate change. This
National Climate Change Strategy 
presents Singapore’s current and futureefforts to address climate change in vulnerability and adaptation, as well asmitigation of greenhouse gas emissions. The strategy also outlines our localcompetency-building efforts and our participation in international climatechange discussions.3. The
National Climate Change Strategy 
reiterates Singapore’scommitment to do our part in the international effort to address climatechange. The challenge of mitigating greenhouse gas emissions is not onethat we can tackle alone. It requires the commitment and participation of allcountries, under the auspices of the United Nations Framework Conventionon Climate Change.4. All countries have to play a role consistent with their unique nationalcircumstances. Singapore will do its part, in particular by improving theenergy efficiency of our major energy sectors, namely power generation,industries, transport, buildings and households. We are also committed to theglobal research effort on climate change and energy technologies and areinvesting to develop technologies that can help the world meet the climatechange challenge, in the areas of solar energy and water.
Science of Climate Change5. There is no longer any serious doubt that climate change is takingplace. The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) FourthAssessment Report (AR4)
in 2007 concluded that most of the warming of ourclimate is very likely due to increasing greenhouse gas (GHG) concentrationsin the atmosphere resulting from human activities such as the burning of fossilfuels in power stations for electricity and in vehicles, as well as deforestation.6. The AR4 projects that global temperatures will rise by 1.1 to 6.4°C over1990 levels, while global mean sea levels are projected to rise by 18 to 59cmby around 2100, depending on future scenarios of varying global emission
The IPCC AR4 is available online at http://www.ipcc.ch/ 
Singapore’s National Climate Change Strategy 
levels. Temperature extremes, heat waves and heavy rainfall events areprojected to become more frequent as well.Reasons for Climate Change Action7. There are several co-benefits to climate change action. For example,our efforts to mitigate GHG emissions, most notably in the power generation,industry and transport sectors, can help to reduce air pollutants, resulting incleaner air for all in our environment.8. Climate change actions can also generate economic opportunities, forexample, in the clean energy and energy efficiency services sectors. At thesame time, being more energy efficient can help both businesses andhouseholds reduce their energy consumption costs. At the national level, thishelps to mitigate Singapore’s dependence on imported fossil fuels, therebyenhancing our energy security.
Our Vulnerabilities and Adaptation Efforts
9. As a relatively low-lying, densely populated island in the tropics,Singapore is vulnerable to climate change. As a result of our environmentaland developmental planning in the past, some of our existing measures canalready address certain potential climate change impacts. However, to betterunderstand the implications for Singapore,
National Environment Agency(NEA), in consultation with other government agencies, has commissioned astudy on Singapore’s vulnerability to climate change
This study will project (i)the climate change effects such as the changes in temperature, sea level andrainfall patterns in Singapore, and (ii) the resulting impacts such as increasedflooding and impacts on water resources.10. Going forward, government agencies will continue to work closelytogether to assess the possible impacts of climate change on Singapore,regularly review the sufficiency of Singapore’s existing adaptation measures,identify new measures as necessary and establish national systems toactively monitor and manage these impacts.
Our Mitigation Efforts
Our National Circumstances11. The main contribution to Singapore’s greenhouse gas (GHG)emissions is carbon dioxide (CO
) from the use of energy to meetdevelopment and human needs.12. Singapore is a city-state with limited natural resources. Due to ourgeographical constraints, large-scale adoption of alternative energy beyond oil

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