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Sacred Geometry in Ancient Egypt

Sacred Geometry in Ancient Egypt

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Published by: uncleretro on Dec 13, 2007
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SacredGeometryinAncientEgypt
TheCosmicGeometry
Herodotus,thefatherofhistoryandanativeGreek,statedin500BCE:
 Now,letmetalkmoreofEgyptforithasalotofadmirablethingsandwhatoneseesthereis superiortoanyothercountry.
TheAncientEgyptianworks,largeorsmall,areadmiredbyall,becausetheyareproportionallyharmoniousandassuchappealtoourinneraswellasouterfeelings.Thisharmonicdesignconceptispopularlyknownassacredgeometry—whereallfigurescouldbedrawnorcreatedusingastraightline(notevennecessarilyaruler)andcompass,i.e.withoutmeasurement(dependentonproportiononly).TheprinciplesofsacredgeometryareofAncientEgyptianorigin,whichconstitutedthebasisofharmonicproportions,asevidentintheirtemples,buildings,theology,...etc.TheAncientEgyptiandesignfollowedtheseprinciplesinwell-detailedcanons.PlatohimselfattestedtothelongevityoftheEgyptianharmoniccanonofproportion(sacredgeometry),whenhestated,
Thatthepicturesandstatuesmadetenthousandyearsago,areinnooneparticularbetteror worsethanwhattheynowmake.
Thekeytodivineharmonicproportion(sacredgeometry)istherelationshipbetweenprogressionofgrowthand proportion.Harmonicproportionandprogressionaretheessenceofthecreateduniverse.Itisconsistentwithnaturearoundus.Naturearoundusfollowsthisharmoniousrelationship.Thenaturalprogressionfollowsaseriesthatis popularizedintheWestasthe
Fibonacci Series
.SincethisSerieswasinexistencebeforeFibonacci(bornin1179CE),itshouldnotbearhisname.FibonaccihimselandhisWesterncommentators,didnotevenclaimthatitwashis"creation".Letuscallitasitis—a
Summation Series
.Itisaprogressiveseries,whereyoustartwiththefirsttwonumbersintheAncientEgyptiansystem,i.e.2and3.Thenyouaddtheirtotaltotheprecedingnumber,andonandon;anyfigureisthesumofthetwoprecedingones.Theserieswouldthereforebe:2,3,5,8,13,21,34,55,89,144,233,377,610,...Thisseriesisreflectedthroughoutnature.Thenumberofseedsinasunflower,thepetalsofanyflower,thearrangementofpinecones,thegrowthofanautilusshell,etc...allfollowthesamepatternoftheseseries.TheoverwhelmingevidenceindicatesthattheSummationSerieswasknowntotheAncientEgyptians.ManyAncientEgyptianplansoftemplesandtombs,throughoutthehistoryofAncientEgypt,showalongtheirlongitudinalaxisandtransversely,dimensionsincubitsof1.72'(0.523m),givinginclear”consecutivetermsoftheSummationSeries2,3,5,8,13,21,34,55,89,144,233,377,610,...TheSummationSeriesconformsperfectlywith,andcanberegardedasanexpressionof,Egyptianmathematics,whichhasbeendefinedbyeveryoneasanessentiallyadditiveprocedure.Thesummationcharacteroftheseries,anditsuse,wouldbeinaccordwiththepracticalaspectofEgyptianscience.Thisadditivityisobviousintheirreductionof multiplicationanddivisiontothesameprocessbybreakinguphighermultiplesintoasumofconsecutiveduplications.
ThisdocumentiscreatedwiththeunregisteredversionofDocument2PDFPilot.
 
ThereisevidenceabouttheknowledgeoftheSummationSeries,eversincethePyramid(erroneouslyknownasmortuary)Templeof
 Khafra
(Chephren),atGiza,builtin2500BCE,i.e.about3700yearsbeforeFibonacci.Theessentialpointsofthetemple
[shownherein]
complywiththeSummationSeries,whichreachesthefigureof233cubitsinitstotallength,asmeasuredfromthepyramid,withTENconsecutivenumbersoftheseries.
TheSacredRatios
1.TheGoldenProportion
TheSummationSerieswastheoriginofAncientEgyptianharmonicdesign.Itoffersthetruepulsationofnaturalgrowth.Asanexample,theratiobetweeneachgroupoftwoconsecutivenumbersfollowsthehumanheartbeat pulsation:suddenincrease,asmalldip,ariseagain,andthenevenprogression,untilthenextheartbeat.So,astheseriesprogresses,theratiobetweensuccessivenumberstendstowardstheNeb(Golden)Proportion,towhichWesternacademiaassignedtheGreekalphabetletter
,eventhoughitwasknownandusedlongbeforetheGreeks.AndwhatisworseisthatthereisnotevenfactualevidencethattheGreeksknewitatall!TheGoldenProportioncanbeobtainedgraphicallyinseveralways,whichwereallcommonintheEgyptianbuildingsthroughoutitsdynastichistory.
2.TheCircleIndex
TheCircleIndexisthefunctionalrepresentationofthecircle.Itistheratiobetweenthecircumferenceofthecircletoitsdiameter.ItispopularizedbyWesternacademiabytheGreekletter
andgivenavalueof3.1415927.TheEgyptiansmanifestedtheirknowledgeofthecirclepropertiesandother curves,asearlyastheirsurvivingrecords.A3rdDynasty(~2630BCE)recordshowsthedefinitionofthecurveofaroof,inSakkara,byasystemof coordinates.Thisshowsthattheirknowledgeofthecircleenabledthemtocalculatethecoordinatesalongthisverticalcurve.Accordingly,theconstructionworkersfollowedprecisedimensionsintheirexecutedcircularcurves.SuchapplicationwasevidentinEgyptatleast2,000yearsbeforeArchimedeswalkedthisearth.
TheGoldenGate
InAncientEgypt,doorwayswerebuiltwithorwithoutapylononeachside.AfewexamplesfromdifferentperiodsshowthatthesimpledesignofEgyptiandoorwaysconformstoaharmonicanalysis.Therelationshipsbetweentheopeningsandthedoorjambswereharmonicallyproportioned.Theheightof theapertureandthefullheight,werealsoharmonicallydesigned.Pointsofinterestingharmonicproportionsare:
ThisdocumentiscreatedwiththeunregisteredversionofDocument2PDFPilot.

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nsorokina786_7753854 added this note
Cool! Are there any other examples (perhaps in Islamic architecture) of combining the Golden ratio, square root of 2, 3 and 5 and Pi?
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