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Dairy Farming

Dairy Farming

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Published by Mahesh Gowda

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Published by: Mahesh Gowda on Apr 20, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Some important facts about Dairy Farming
The study reveals that married males are deeply involved in dairy farming. Majority of dairyfarmers completed the primary level of education and many are illiterate. Majority of Hindupeoples are involved in dairy farming and they are belongs to backward community. Manydairy farmers in India living in thatched houses with poor quality of life and low standard of living. The occupational status of the dairy farmers are non-agricultural labour and majorityof farmers work landless or marginal farmers. The study reveals that majority of dairyfarmers were doing milk extraction with the help of labours only. Many dairy farmers wereselling their milk to middle man only and remaining sold to co-operative or directly. Thedairy farmers were consumes less than 1 litre milk per day. The middle man exploit the dairyfarmers by giving only Rs.17 per litre and this milk is sold on Rs20 per litre by middle man.This is the major draw back in Indian dairy farmers.
Dairy Farming in India
Posted 05-01-2008 at 12:21 PM by cnsant  It is seen at most places that a Dairy Farmer is not aware of the economics of his day to daybusiness. This is because Dairy has been a traditional form of business, which is being carried on bygenerations together. The pattern particularly of the feeding & watering has been quite the same fora long time.It is commonly seen that most of the Farmers who keep animals for Milk have very little or NO ideaabout the expenses (per day) invloved in raising the animals. It is interesting to note that the farmeris even unaware of the fact that the feeding cost of his animal comprises of more than 80% of thetotal cost of raising the animals.Perhaps the main reason for this may be as he grows the majority of the fodder in his own land hehas never bothered about its cost.Pertaining to the feeding & drinking habits many fallacies (misconceptions) exist viz.1. It is advisable to feed animal with wet/cooked feed.Scientifically the feed fed to animal should be chewed (& ruminated) so that the saliva mixes withthe feed. The saliva contains phosphates & bicarbonates, which help in maintaining the pH of theRumen, which help in proper digestion of the Feed. Good digestion ensures wellbeing & theproduction is dependent on the same.If the feed fed to animal is wet or cooked then chewing does not take placeresulting in imbalance of the Ruminal pH which is very vital for proper digestion.This will ultimately affect the Milk production (which will be low in this case).2. Water requirement can be fulfilled with 2/3 times in a day.To produce one litre of Milk it is essential to drink minimum 5 litres of water thus animal givingabout 10 litres of milk daily should drink more than 50 litres of water. This requirement is only forMilk but animal also has to maintain itself as well as reproduce thus an animal giving 10 litres of milkhas to consume at least 75 litres of water daily ; which is just not possible by offering animal wateronly about 2/3 times during the day.The animal should be giving clean water as many times as possible. If this is done then automaticallyincrease in milk production is seen.It should be noted that milk contains about 83 - 87% of water.3. Animal should be fed continuously throughout the day.If the animal is fed round the clock then it will not get any time to ruminate. If there is no time toruminate then the digestion will not be proper as the feed mixing with saliva (due to rumination) willnot take place. Thus the milk production will be decreased due to impaired digestion.4. Animal gives more milk with more concentrate feed.

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