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Linear Regression Formula

# Linear Regression Formula

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05/22/2013

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Regression Definition : A regression is a statistical analysis assessing the associationbetween two variables. It is used to find the relationship between two variables.Regression Formula : Regression Equation(y) = a + bxSlope(b) = (NΣXY - (ΣX)(ΣY)) / (NΣX2 - (ΣX)2)Intercept(a) = (ΣY - b(ΣX)) / N wherex and y are the variables.b = The slope of the regression linea = The intercept point of the regression line and the y axis.N = Number of values or elementsX = First ScoreY = Second ScoreΣXY = Sum of the product of first and Second ScoresΣX = Sum of First ScoresΣY = Sum of Second ScoresΣX2 = Sum of square First Scores
Linear Regression Formula
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Step 1: Count the number of values.N = 5Step 2: Find XY, X2Step 3: Find ΣX, ΣY, ΣXY, ΣX2.ΣX = 311ΣY = 18.6ΣXY = 1159.7ΣX2 = 19359Step 4: Substitute in the above slope formula given.Slope(b) = (NΣXY - (ΣX)(ΣY)) / (NΣX2 - (ΣX)2)= ((5)*(1159.7)-(311)*(18.6))/((5)*(19359)-(311)2)= (5798.5 - 5784.6)/(96795 - 96721)= 13.9/74= 0.19Step 5: Now, again substitute in the above intercept formula given.Intercept(a) = (ΣY - b(ΣX)) / N= (18.6 - 0.19(311))/5= (18.6 - 59.09)/5= -40.49/5= -8.098Step 6: Then substitute these values in regression equation formulaRegression Equation(y) = a + bx= -8.098 + 0.19x.Suppose if we want to know the approximate y value for the variable x = 64. Then we cansubstitute the value in the above equation.
Math.Tutorvista.com

Correlation Co-efficient Definition : A measure of the strength of linear association betweentwo variables. Correlation will always between -1.0 and +1.0. If the correlation is positive, wehave a positive relationship. If it is negative, the relationship is negative.Formula :Correlation Co-efficient :Correlation(r) =[ NΣXY - (ΣX)(ΣY) / Sqrt([NΣX2 - (ΣX)2][NΣY2 - (ΣY)2])] whereN = Number of values or elementsX = First ScoreY = Second ScoreΣXY = Sum of the product of first and Second ScoresΣX = Sum of First ScoresΣY = Sum of Second ScoresΣX2 = Sum of square First ScoresΣY2 = Sum of square Second ScoresStep 3: Find ΣX, ΣY, ΣXY, ΣX2, ΣY2.
Correlation Formula
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