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Did We Land on the Moon

Did We Land on the Moon

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Published by bakic
Moon landing : A fake or a fact
Moon landing : A fake or a fact

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Published by: bakic on Dec 14, 2007
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/31/2013

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DID WE LAND ONTHE MOON?
 
Did We Land on The Moon?
"I believe that this nation should commit itself to achievingthe goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the Moonand returning him safely to the Earth. No single space project...will be more exciting, or more impressive to mankind, or moreimportant...and none will be so difficult or expensive toaccomplish...."
President John F.Kennedy,1961
"That's one small step for (a) man, one giant leap for mankind."
U.S. astronaut Neil Armstrong, on the Moon, 1969
The Apollo expedition to the Moon tells the historic story of human exploration of theMoonby the United States. The definingmoment of this journey occured when Astronaut Neil Armstrong,after descending the frail-looking ladder of the Lunar ModuleEagle, took the first human steps on the Moon on July 20, 1969.Five more flights carried astronauts to the Moon, the last in 1972. No human has been there since.This marvel of exploration took shape in the specialcircumstances of the 1950s and 1960s. The United States and theSoviet Union competed for primacy in a global struggle pitting ademocratic society against totalitarian communism. This struggle,called the Cold War, motivated the first explorations of space by both countries.
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The space age began on October 4, 1957, when the SovietUnion orbited Sputnik I, the world's first artificial satellite.On 3 November 1957 the Soviets launched Sputnik II. Included inthe payload was a dog named Laika, the first living being sent intospace. Initial American attempts to meet the Soviet challengeended in failure, inciting widespread public agitation that theUnited States was falling behind in this new, crucial arena ColdWar competition.From this beginning, both countries raced into space. But thegoal of this competition remained unclear. Not until 1961, whenPresident John F. Kennedy called for a lunar journey by the end of the decade, did landing humans on the Moon become the focus of the space race.In the wake of Sputnik in 1957, President Dwight D.Eisenhower responded to the Soviet challenge and to publicconcern and excitement by reorganizing the American space effort.One step was to create a new government agency to conductcivilian space exploration. In 1958 congress established the newagency-the National Aeronautics and Space Administration(NASA). The armed services retained control of separate militaryspace programs.Prior to the creation of NASA, ongoing studies in aeronauticsand space science were conducted under the auspices of theDepartment of Defense's Advanced Research Project Agency, the Naval Research Laboratory, the Army Ballistic Missile Agency,and the National Advisory Committee on Aeronautics. NASAacquired many scientific and technical programs from theseagencies after its formation.
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