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Gold Cyanide Purbaix Modeling

Gold Cyanide Purbaix Modeling

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Published by: satrioherbirowo on Apr 21, 2012
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LAPPEENRANTA UNIVERSITY OF TECHNOLOGYFaculty of TechnologyDegree Programme of Chemical and Process Engineering
MODELING OF GOLD CYANIDATION
byWaroonkarn SrithammavutMaster of Science (Technology) ThesisExaminers: Professor Ilkka TurunenD. Sc. Arto LaariSupervisors: Pia SinisaloPasi ViinikkaJussi Vaarno
 
ACKNOWLEDGMENT
This work was supported by Outotec Research Oy (ORC) in Pori andLappeenranta University of Technology (LUT). It is a pleasure to convey mygratitude to all of people involved in this study.In the first place I would like to express my sincere appreciation to Professor IlkkaTurunen (LUT) for his support and unflinching encouragement during thesis’swork. I am also indebted to Arto Laarti (LUT) for his valuable advice in sciencediscussion, assistance about Modest computer software and revise the thesis.I gratefully acknowledge supervisors, Pia Sinisalo (ORC), Pasi Viinikka (ORC)and Jussi Vaarno (ORC) for their technical comments, advice, guidance, patienceto answer some unintelligent questions and revise the thesis. I also extend myappreciation to Timo Kankaanpää (ORC) for revise my thesis and assistance invarious ways. I hope to keep up our collaboration in the future.I would like to acknowledge my family for all their love and moral supportthroughout this work. Finally, many thanks go to all of my lovely friends whoalways listen to my problems and cheer me up until the last minute of this work.
 
ABSTRACT
Lappeenranta University of TechnologyDepartment of Chemical TechnologyWaroonkarn Srithammavut
Modeling of gold cyanidation
Master of Science (Technology) Thesis200893 pages, 43 figures, 9 tables and 1 appendixExaminer: Professor Ilkka TurunenD.Sc. Arto LaariKeywords: Gold cyanidation; Leaching; Reaction kinetics; ModelingThe chemistry of gold dissolution in alkaline cyanide solution has continuallyreceived attention and new rate equations expressing the gold leaching are stilldeveloped. The effect of leaching parameters on gold cyanidation is studied in thiswork in order to optimize the leaching process. A gold leaching model, based onthe well-known shrinking-core model, is presented in this work. It is proposed thatthe reaction takes place at the reacting particle surface which is continuouslyreduced as the reaction proceeds. The model parameters are estimated bycomparing experimental data and simulations. The experimental data used in thiswork was obtained from Ling
et al
. (1996) and de Andrade Lima and Hodouin(2005). Two different rate equations, where the unreacted amount of gold isconsidered in one equation, are investigated. In this work, it is presented that thereaction at the surface is the rate controlling step since there is no internal diffusionlimitation. The model considering the effect of non-reacting gold shows that thereaction orders are consistent with the experimental observations reported by Ling
et al
. (1996) and de Andrade Lima and Hodouin (2005). However, it should benoted that the model obtained in this work is based on assumptions of no sidereactions, no solid-liquid mass transfer resistances and no effect from temperature.

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