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Hebraic Political Studies Early Medieval Reflections on Religious Toleration and Their Jewish Roots

Hebraic Political Studies Early Medieval Reflections on Religious Toleration and Their Jewish Roots

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Published by: pruzhaner on Apr 22, 2012
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01/24/2013

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 G W. OS B: E M R R   T Jwh R
A:
Te history o toleration has no beginning. olerance and intolerance, theinstincts to welcome and to exclude, have been practiced by each individual and every people. From its beginnings, Judaism regarded itsel as the religion o a chosen peoplethat drew lines o separation between itsel and others (especially in the matter o pu-rity) while also welcoming the stranger. Christianity and Islam acted similarly. Tis paper explores particular ways in which Judaisms approach to the problem o tolerat-ing those with whom it could not comortably live a shared lie inuenced its daughter  aiths, especially Christianity.
I.I h  M A, Jm, Ch,  Im  mm m  h pp h h   mp   h pp h  h h  h p p  h   h m   h mm h m . I,m  hk   w h  wh A’m  C  h
City o God 
XIX, 24, wh h  pp  “ m     h   m-m m   h j  h .”
1
I h w, 
HEBRAIC POIICA SIES, VO. 2, NO. 2 (SPRING 2007), PP. 164–192, © 2007 SHAEM PRESS.
I w k  hk B G, R G, Em Mh, I M, Sz O  h    h p .
1
 
Coetus multitudinis rationalis rerum quas diligit concordi communione sociatus
.T    w  m h q   - h h p  m h h  w. A B,
TeFriend 
Ch:   Ch P, 2003,    xp  h - w p-  p-k   , w    hp     .
 
w   w  mp   m  p p,  h mh h h   h, p . Fw , hw,w  hm h “mm m   h j  h”   m. T, h q  h hp wh xm h  h     h xm h -,    ,   m  h mm w    h p  h   wh .I  m Ep, h mp    p h   p,  h , whhw    p .
2
T  k     Jw, Ch,  Mm wh wh  m h x  h h  xp,
inter alia
, hh m m, hh   wh . I  h mm  h    mp  h  m  hwh   h    h   h .
3
Hw, w  m  h wh h hp w Jm Ch,    m,   p w  ,  .Wh w pk   m Ch p  Jwhp, w   kw  Jwh hh  p h m- m  p  . Sh kw mh h  m p  wh Jw. A, w m  -  m h   Ch, h  p   mk,mh h  hh pp  h   m h O m, whh h q p   h . T m
2
 
F k,  I J Y,
wo Nations in Your Womb: Perceptions o  Jews and Christians in Late Antiquity and the Middle Ages
, . B Hh Jh Chpm Bk:   C P, 2006.
3
 
Kh . G,
Te Making o Fornication: Eros, Ethics, and Political Reormin Greek Philosophy and Early Christianity
Bk:   C P,2003. G pp. 411  h p   Ch x m h Sp. Kh Sw, hh h wk 
 Jewish Dogs: An Image and ItsInterpreters. Continuity in the Catholic-Jewish Encounter 
S: S  P, 2006,   p ,  mm  pp. 1415,  . 2627 w,  h   x   . 2829 w. M m  h k, hw, q q. F xmp,  p. x, Sw: “Ch h m h Ch  h , , h  -m p,  h  pm  h.” Sw  m  whCh’  Jw wh  h h . F  wh- xm-p  h ,  I G. M, “H Ck  h: A Jwh B H ,”  w F, .,
 Judaism in Practice: From the Middle Ages Troughthe Early Modern Period 
P: P  P, 2001, pp. 115130 p. 122. S   Fh, “F F: A Cmp Eh A Jwh, Ch,  Im w” Ph.. ., Cm , 2006.
Hebraic Political Studies 165
 
k   m   p  Jm, hw-, w Ch  . T m w h h w mph. I h w, Ch  Jwh  h m   h mm  pm   Jm. T   h O m h  mk m  Ch  h  M A  ww  h     m      w.
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   m  p m    - wh pm   . T ,  , w  ,   h  M Ch’  Jwh -p    w  h  M A.B h  w  Jm, . 1100, whh wmk   Ch   h
Hebraica veritas
  - pphm w  Ch  Jwh hk,w Ch p  m kw  Jm,  w  Jm . M, hw, w h  h Jwhm/ .
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T  B . 735 w mh   xp  h wCh   Jwh kw. I h h  xwk, h      hh     hJwh, h  h   h mp  Jm  h w  whh, m,  Ch h p m Jm.
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I h h
4
 
R M, “T   h O m  E M C w: T
Collectio Vetus Gallica
 h
Collectio Hibernensis
,”  Yzhk H  Mhw I,.,
Te Uses o the Past in the Early Middle Ages
Cm: Cm  P, 2000, pp. 6777. Kh Bk’
Te ypological Imaginary: Circumcision,echnology, History
Phph:   P P, 2003   mp  Jwh-Ch ,    h hh mm m   Mk G P’ w,
Speculum
81 2006, pp. 148150.
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A H. B,
Christendom and Christianity in the Middle Ages: Te RelationsBetween Religion, Church, and Society
, . R Bm G Rp, Mh.:W.B. Em, 1994, pp. 274318  pp. 289290. S   w h wh- Mm   mp , A -Fh Mhmm -Km -Sh. H  h     h  mIm. Jm w m   h -Im    Im, w Ch. S S M. Wm, “Jwh Sm  h N E: AMm’ A,”  F,
 Judaism
, pp. 229238.
6
 
S G W. O, “B  H: T E m H O h   h F Ch Cmm  Jm,”
 Journal o EcclesiasticaHistory
33 1982, pp. 519530; O, “Fm B  h A-Sx P  hC Emp,”
 Angli e Sassoni al di qua e al di del Mare
, 2 . 
Settimane distudio del Centro italiano di studi sull’alto medioevo
, XXXII, Sp: P   , 1986, . 1, pp. 305382;  O, “T
Ecclesia Primitiva
 Jh C,h P. Jm
Commentary
 Mk,  B,”  C   GO, .,
Biblical Studies in the Early Middle Ages
F: SISME, z Gzz, 2005, pp. 527    m “Jz,”  . 17 w.
166 Early Medieval Reflections on Religious oleration

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