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CARDS - Ammeters, Voltmeters & Potential Dividers

CARDS - Ammeters, Voltmeters & Potential Dividers

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Published by: Simon on Apr 23, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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04/23/2012

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22/04/20121
1
Voltmeters
They
 
measure
 
the
 
difference
 
in
 
potential
between
 
two
 
points
 
so
 
they
 
are
 
connected
 
in
 
parallel
.
Ideal
 
Voltmeters
They
 
should
 
have
 
an
 
infinite
 
resistance
 
so
 
that
 
no
 
current
 
is
 
taken
 
from
 
the
 
circuit.
2
Ammeters
Ideal
 
Ammeter
This
 
has
 
zero
 
resistance
 
so
 
that
 
it
 
doesn’t
 
lower
 
the
 
current
in
 
the
 
circuit.
 
22/04/20122
Voltmeters
3
Ammeters
4
 
22/04/20123
5
Sensors
ThermistorLight
 
Dependent
 
ResistorStrain
 
Gauge
More
 
light,
 
releases
 
more
 
electrons,
 
which
 
lowers
 
the
 
Resistance.As
 
it
 
gets
 
hotter,
 
more
 
charge
 
carriers
 
are
 
released
 
by
 
the
 
material
 
lowering
 
the
 
ResistanceAs
 
the
 
strain
 
gauge
 
is
 
stretched
 
the
 
wire
 
inside
 
it
 
gets
 
thinner,
 
increasing
 
the
 
Resistance.
Light
R
Temperature
R
Strain
R
All
 
of 
 
these
 
sensors
 
can
 
be
 
used
 
with
 
Variable
 
Resistors
 
and
 
Potential
 
Dividers
 
to
 
switch
 
Output
devices
 
ON
 
or
 
OFF
6
Potential Dividers
24V20
Ω
20
Ω
24V40
Ω
80
Ω
V=16V
M
V=12V
Because
 
the
 
resistors
 
are
 
equal
 
the
 
potential
 
difference
across
 
each
 
one
 
is
 
equal
.This
 
time
 
the
 
potential
 
is
 
divided
into
 
different
 
proportions.With
 
the
 
thermistor
instead
 
of 
 
a
 
fixed
 
resistor,
 
the
 
attached
 
motor
 
will
 
go
 
faster
 
when
 
the
 
thermistor
 
gets
 
colder
.

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