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Reformist Women Thinkers in the Islamic World

Reformist Women Thinkers in the Islamic World

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Published by The Wilson Center

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Published by: The Wilson Center on Apr 23, 2012
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02/07/2013

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JDNNKM MHY^ VPACPHJ 
AIIHYDAOHK VHVMP YMPDMY
 YVPDOC D 0664
8
Do~pan}i~dao
Bhkmb Mylhondhpd 
+ Ndpmi~ap+ Jdnnkm Mhy~ Vpacphj hon 
Jhpca~ @hnpho 
+ Lmkkas+ Saanpas Sdkyao Imo~mp 
^bm khy~ ld|m nmihnmy bh|m sd~omyymn ho }o}y}hkv}yb `t sajmo—y apchodwh~daoy hon sajmo hi~d|*dy~y do ~bm Dykhjdi sapkn ~a `pdoc h`a}~ jhgapibhocmy do ~bm y~h~}y al sajmo/ ^bm Dykhjdi sapkndy bajm ~a `a~b J}ykdjy hon oao*J}ykdjy+ hon+~bmpmlapm+ hot ibhocm bhy ~a ~hem do~a iaoydnmp*h~dao ~bm ommny al ~bm oao*J}ykdj iajj}od~dmykd|doc do ~bmym yaidm~dmy/ Ibhocmy do lhjdkt khs bh|m|hpdmn lpaj ja|my ~ashpn ymi}khpdyj hy la}on do^}odydh do 84=< ~a ~baym do~pan}imn do Dpho do84<3 sd~bdo ~bm lphjmsape al ~bm
ybhp‒dhb 
/ Dopmimo~ tmhpy+ ~bm nm`h~m bhy `mmo ja|doc hpa}on sbh~ dy vmpjdyyd`km sd~bdo ho Dykhjdi iao~mr~ hon sbh~ dy oa~/ Namy pmlapj bh|m h vkhim do janmpoDykhjdi yaidm~dmy1 Iho ~bm oms pm|dymn lhjdkt khs al Japaiia ymp|m hy h janmk lap a~bmp ia}o~pdmy do~bm Dykhjdi sapkn1 Na doipmjmo~hk y~mvy pmchpndocpmlapj yh~dylt ~bm nmjhony al sajmo hi~d|dy~y1^a kaae h~ y}ib x}my~daoy hon a~bmpy+ ~bmJdnnkm Mhy~ Vpacphj h~ ~bm Saanpas SdkyaoDo~mpoh~daohk Imo~mp lap Yibakhpy bay~mn h jmm~*doc ao Jht >’=+ 0664 ao Pmlapjdy~ Sajmo^bdoempy do ~bm Dykhjdi Sapkn/ Yibakhpy lpaj hphocm al ndyidvkdomy doik}ndoc pmkdcda}y y~}ndmy+ sajmo—y hon cmonmp y~}ndmy+ khs+ ho~bpavakact+vytibakact+ hon bdy~apt hkaoc sd~b hi~d|dy~y+ v}`*kdi vakdit yvmidhkdy~y+ hon ga}pohkdy~y ybhpmn ~bmdp sape sd~b h sdnm h}ndmoim/ H `hydi x}my~dao phdymn do ~bm jmm~doc shybas na pmlapjdy~ sajmo nmldom ~bmjymk|my1 Yajmpmlapjdy~ sajmo ihkk ~bmjymk|my lmjdody~y/ Yajmihkk ~bmjymk|my b}jho pdcb~y hi~d|dy~y/ Yajm ihkk~bmjymk|my yibakhp*hi~d|dy~y/ Yajm yb}o kh`mky hk~a*cm~bmp/ Pmlapjdy~ sajmo yvho ~bm yvmi~p}j lpaj}p`ho vpalmyydaohk sajmo ~a cphyypaa~y sapempy~bpa}cba}~ ~bm ia}o~ptydnm+ avmph~doc sd~bdo `a~bymi}khp y~h~my hon Dykhjdi y~h~my/ ^bm iaolmpmoimvhvmpy phocm lpaj `pahn a|mp|dmsy ~a japm nm~hdkmnmrhjdoh~daoy al dond|dn}hk ~bdoempy hon hi~d|dy~y/
 
JDNNKM MHY^
VPACPHJ
 
Pmlapjdy~ Sajmo ^bdoempy do ~bmDykhjdi Sapkn
Do~pan}i~dao
8
Pmlapjdy~ Sajmo hy Lmjdody~ydo V}py}d~ al Mx}hkd~tdo ~bm Dykhjdi Sapkn
=
Dykhjdi Pmlapj hon ~bm^bmakact al Cmonmp
2
Lhd~b hon ~bmVakd~diy al Pmlapj
 
86
Pmlapjdy~ Sajmo do~bm J}ykdj Sapkn7 Bdy~aptdy ao ^bmdp Ydnm
89
^bm Oms J}ykdj Lmjdody~y
8=
Pmlapjdy~ Sajmo do Dpho
83
^}odydho Sajmo Pmlapjdy~y7^sa Mrhjvkmy doBdy~apdihk Iao~mr~
84
H Pmlapjdy~ Y}ld Sajhodo ~bm Odcmp Pmv}`kdi
 
08
Ho DonaomydhoJ}ykdj Lmjdody~
0>
Vhphndcjy hon Vphcjh~dyj doJ}ykdj Sajmo—yPmlapjdy~ ^bdoedoc
0<
Dykhjdyj+ Lmjdodyjhon Dykhjdi Pmlapj
02
 Pmlapj „ ap @pmhe~bpa}cb1
04
YVPDOC D
0664
AIIHYDAOHK VHVMP YMPDMY
 
JDNNKM MHY^ VPACPHJ 
AIIHYDAOHK VHVMP YMPDMY
 YVPDOC D 0664
0
 
 H`a}~ ~bm Jdnnkm Mhy~ Vpacphj
^bm Jdnnkm Mhy~ Vpacphj shy kh}oibmn do Lm`p}hpt 8442 do kdcb~ al ~bmdoipmhymn ]od~mn Y~h~my mochcmjmo~ do ~bm pmcdao hon ~bm vpala}on ibhoc*my ysmmvdoc hipayy jhot Jdnnkm Mhy~mpo y~h~my/ Do hnnd~dao ~a yva~kdcb~docnht*~a*nht dyy}my+ ~bm Vpacphj iaoimo~ph~my ao kaoc*~mpj miaoajdi+ yaidhk+hon vakd~dihk nm|mkavjmo~y+ hy smkk hy pmkh~daoy sd~b ~bm ]od~mn Y~h~my/^bm Jdnnkm Mhy~ Vpacphj nphsy ao najmy~di hon lapmdco pmcdaohkmrvmp~y lap d~y jmm~docy+ iaolmpmoimy+ hon aiihydaohk vhvmpy/ Iaolmpmoimyhon jmm~docy hyymyy ~bm vakdit djvkdih~daoy al hkk hyvmi~y al nm|mkavjmo~ysd~bdo ~bm pmcdao hon dond|dn}hk y~h~my+ ~bm Jdnnkm Mhy~—y pakm do ~bm do~mpoh*~daohk hpmoh+ Hjmpdiho do~mpmy~y do ~bm pmcdao+ ~bm ~bpmh~ al ~mppapdyj5 hpjyvpakdlmph~dao+ hon y~ph~mcdi ~bpmh~y ~a hon lpaj ~bm pmcdaohk y~h~my/^bm Vpacphj vhty yvmidhk h~~mo~dao ~a ~bm pakm al sajmo+ ta}~b+ id|dkyaidm~t doy~d~}~daoy+ Dykhj+ hon nmjaiph~di hon h}~aiph~di ~monmoidmy/ Dohnnd~dao+ ~bm Jdnnkm Mhy~ Vpacphj bay~y jmm~docy ao i}k~}phk dyy}my+ doik}n*doc iao~mjvaphpt hp~ hon kd~mph~}pm do ~bm pmcdao/
† Cmonmp dyy}my
7 ^bm Jdnnkm Mhy~ Vpacphj nm|a~my iaoydnmph`km h~~mo*~dao ~a ~bm pakm al sajmo do hn|hoidoc id|dk yaidm~t hon ~a ~bm h~~d~}nmyal ca|mpojmo~y hon ~bm ikmpdihk iajj}od~t ~ashpn sajmo—y pdcb~y do ~bmlhjdkt hon yaidm~t h~ khpcm/ ^bm Vpacphj mrhjdomy mjvkatjmo~ vh~~mpoy+mn}ih~dao+ kmchk pdcb~y+ hon vakd~dihk vhp~didvh~dao al sajmo do ~bm pmcdao/^bm Vpacphj hkya bhy h emmo do~mpmy~ do mrvkapdoc sajmo—y doipmhydoc pakmydo iaolkdi~ vpm|mo~dao hon vay~*iaolkdi~ pmiaoy~p}i~dao hi~d|d~dmy/
† I}ppmo~ Hllhdpy
7 ^bm Jdnnkm Mhy~ Vpacphj mjvbhydwmy hohktydy ali}ppmo~ dyy}my hon ~bmdp djvkdih~daoy lap kaoc*~mpj nm|mkavjmo~y do ~bmpmcdao+ doik}ndoc7 Vhkmy~dodho*Dyphmkd ndvkajhit+ Dpho—y vakd~dihk hon o}ikmhphj`d~daoy+ ~bm vpmymoim al Hjmpdiho ~paavy do Dphx+ Hlcbhody~ho+ hon ~bmVmpydho C}kl hon ~bmdp mllmi~ ao ~bm pmcdao+ b}jho pdcb~y |dakh~daoy+ cka*`hkdwh~dao+ miaoajdi hon vakd~dihk vhp~ompybdvy+ hon ]/Y/ lapmdco vakditdo ~bm pmcdao/
† Dykhj+ Nmjaiphit hon Id|dk Yaidm~t 
7 ^bm Jdnnkm Mhy~ Vpacphjjaod~apy ~bm cpasdoc nmjhon al vmavkm do ~bm pmcdao lap nmjaiph~dwh*~dao+ vakd~dihk vhp~didvh~dao+ hiia}o~h`km ca|mpojmo~+ ~bm p}km al khs+ honhnbmpmoim `t ~bmdp ca|mpojmo~y ~a do~mpoh~daohk iao|mo~daoy+ b}jho pdcb~yhon sajmo—y pdcb~y/ D~ iao~do}my ~a mrhjdom ~bm pakm al Dykhjdi ja|mjmo~ydo ybhvdoc vakd~dihk hon yaidhk nm|mkavjmo~y hon ~bm |hpdm~t al lhi~apy ~bh~lh|ap ap a`y~p}i~ ~bm mrvhoydao al id|dk yaidm~t/
^bm lakkasdoc vhvmpy hpm `hymn ao ~bm h}~bapy— vpmymo*~h~daoy h~ ~bm Saanpas Sdkyao Do~mpoh~daohk Imo~mp lap
Yibakhpy ao Jht >’=+ 0664/ ^bm avdodaoy mrvpmyymn bmpm
*do hpm ~baym al ~bm h}~bapy hon na oa~ pmlkmi~ ~baym al ~bm
 Saanpas Sdkyao Imo~mp/Ndpmi~ap
Np/ Bhkmb Mylhondhpd
 Hyydy~ho~
Jaoh Ta}yyml
Yvmidhk ~bhoey
Yvmidhk ~bhoey ~a VpalmyyapJhpca~ @hnpho lap bmpbmkv do v}~~doc ~acm~bmp ~bmiaolmpmoim hon v}`kdih~dao5Jaoh Ta}yyml lapiaapndoh~doc ~bdy v}`kdih~dao5Hooh \ho Bakkmo lap bmpmr~moyd|m mnd~doc hyydy~hoim5Ohnmp Jmbpho lap pmhndochon jhedoc y}ccmy~daoy5Kdhoom Bmvkmp hon bmp y~hll lapnmydcodoc ~bm AiihydaohkVhvmp Ympdmy5 honNh|dn Bhsrb}py~ lap ~hedocjay~ al ~bm vba~acphvby/
JDNNKM MHY^ VPACPHJ 
AIIHYDAOHK VHVMP YMPDMY
 YVPDOC D 0664
 
9
Do ‛Pmlapjdy~ Sajmo hy Lmjdody~y do V}py}d~al Mx}hkd~t do ~bm Dykhjdi Sapkn+‚ Jhpca~ @hnphokaaey h~ ~bm nmmv paa~y al sajmo—y pmlapjdyj/Ybm m|aemy ~bm bdy~apt al ymi}khp lmjdodyj sbdibldpy~ hvvmhpmn do yajm kaih~daoy mhpkt do ~bm~smo~dm~b imo~}pt hy h iaj`doh~dao al Dykhjdijanmpody~+ ymi}khp oh~daohkdy~+ nmjaiph~di+ honb}jhod~hpdho "kh~mp b}jho pdcb~y$ ndyia}pymyihkkdoc lap cmonmp mx}hkd~t do ~bm ymi}khp v}`kdiyvbmpm/ Ybm ~bmo mrvkapmy Dykhjdi lmjdodyj sbdibmjmpcmn do ~bm ldohk nmihnmy al ~bm ~smo~dm~bimo~}pt+ iaoy~d~}~doc h oms lmjdody~ vhphndcjimo~mpmn ao pm*do~mpvpm~h~dao al ~bm X}p—ho hona~bmp pmkdcda}y ya}pimy+ hon mo}oidh~doc cmonmpmx}hkd~t hipayy ~bm v}`kdi*vpd|h~m yvmi~p}j/ Dopmimo~ tmhpy+ @hnpho a`ymp|my+ ymi}khp hon Dykhjdilmjdodyjy bh|m `mmo `k}ppdoc hon hpm bh|doc~phoylapjh~daohk djvhi~y/ Hjdoh Shn}n `mcdoy bmp vhvmp+ ‛DykhjdiPmlapj hon ~bm ^bmakact al Cmonmp+‚ sd~b ~bmy~paoc hlldpjh~dao ~bh~ m|mpt~bdoc dy do iaoy~ho~ibhocm„iao~phpt ~a ~bm ~bdoedoc al pmhi~daohp*dmy sba kaae ~a ~bm vhy~ lap h y~h~di janmk al vmplmi~dao/ Cmonmp hy h iaoimv~ hon vphi~dim hy sm oas eoas d~+ ybm mjvbhydwmy+ shy oa~ vhp~al ~bm sapkn|dms h~ ~bm nhso al Dykhj/ ^bmvh~pdhpibt al ~bh~ bdy~apdihk jajmo~ dy oa kaocmp~moh`km+ hon+ hiiapndockt+ pmlapj dy dom|d~h`km/Lap Shn}n+ ~bm y~hp~doc vado~ al pmlapj dy ~bmak*act/ Ybm mrvkhdoy bmp lapj}kh~dao al ~bm
~hsbdndi 
 vhphndcj vpa|doc ~bm h`yak}~m mx}hkd~t al b}jho`mdocy sba hpm ipmh~mn do vhdpy+ jhkm hon lmjhkm+ sbdkm Can hkaom dy aom/ Shn}n pmhlldpjy ~bh~ ~bmkhy~ `hy~daoy al domx}hkd~t do J}ykdj yaidm~dmy hpmla}on do `a~b ~bm lhjdkt hon do pmkdcda}y pd~}hkhon ~bh~ ~bmt iao~phndi~
~hsbdndi 
~bdoedoc/Do ‛Lhd~b hon ~bm Vakd~diy al Pmlapj+‚ Jhbohw Hlebhjd nmkdomh~my ~bm iao~a}py al iao~mjvaphpt pmlapjdyj a|mp ~bm vhy~ ~sa nmihnmy al y~p}cckm/Ybm ybasy bas sajmo sd~bdo ~bm lphjmsape al h iaj`doh~dao al ymi}khp hon Dykhjdi lmjdodyj+ sbdib ybm hon a~bmpy ihkk bakdy~di lmjdodyj+ hpmy~mhnlhy~kt hn|hoidoc ho mchkd~hpdho janmk al Dykhj ~bh~ ia}o~mphi~y ~bm pmhi~daohpt vh~pdhpibhkjanmk ~bh~ Dykhjdy~y ap lapimy al vakd~dihk Dykhjhpm ~ptdoc ~a pm*djvaym/Do ‛Pmlapjdy~ Sajmo do ~bm J}ykdj Sapkn7Bdy~apt dy ao ^bmdp Ydnm+‚ Dya`mk Iakmjho allmpyh vdi~}pm al J}ykdj sajmo—y pmlapjdy~ mllap~yhon vpdapd~dmy hipayy h sdnm yvho al ia}o~pdmy honikhyymy/ Iakmjho+ kdem a~bmp iaolmpmoim vpmymo~*mpy+ hcpmmy ~bh~ ‛sajmo hpm npd|doc ibhocm do~bm Dykhjdi sapkn/‚Do bmp vhvmp ‛^bm Oms J}ykdj Lmjdody~y+‚Pa`do Spdcb~ vpa|dnmy iakapl}k |dcom~~my al lmjdody~y hon b}jho pdcb~y hi~d|dy~y hipayy hphocm al ia}o~pdmy/ Ybm jmo~daoy+ lap mrhjvkm+~bm Mctv~dho hi~d|dy~ Nhkdh Wdhnh sba bmkn ~bmldpy~ b}jho pdcb~y ldkj lmy~d|hk ao h Odkm `ah~/Ybm hkya ~mkky ~bm y~apt al Shgmbh hk*B}shdnmp+h Yh}nd Hph`dho hi~d|dy~ sbaym iak}jo do ~bmomsyvhvmp ao b}jho pdcb~y hon sajmo—y pdcb~ydyy}my shy `hoomn hon sba+ do vpa~my~doc ~bm `hoao sajmo npd|doc ihpy+ ldkjmn bmpymkl npd|doc do~bm nmymp~ hon vkhimn ~bm ldkj ao Ta}^}`m/Lh~mjmb Bhcbdcbh~gaa+ do ‛Pmlapjdy~ Sajmodo Dpho+‚ yvmhey h`a}~ ~bm Pmlapjdy~ Sajmo—yLap}j
"Jhgjhb Whoho Mykhb~hkh`$ 
 sbdib dy hlaihk vado~ ~a v}yb lap sajmo—y doipmhymn do|ak|m*jmo~ do vakd~diy hon vakditjhedoc hy h sht al mobhoidoc nmjaiphit hon l}p~bmpdoc sajmo—yb}jho pdcb~y do Dpho/ Ybm hkya bhdky ~bm sajmo—yAom Jdkkdao Ydcoh~}pmy Ihjvhdco sbdib hdjy ~ahibdm|m l}kk cmonmp mx}hkd~t do ~bm ia}o~pt/Ym|mphk vhvmpy lai}y ao dond|dn}hk pmlapjdy~~bdoempy hon hi~d|dy~y sd~bdo h ydockm ia}o~pt/ Do‛^}odydho Sajmo Pmlapjdy~y7 ^sa Mrhjvkmy doBdy~apdihk Iao~mr~+‚ Kdkdh Kh`dnd g}r~hvaymy ~sa sajmo al ndllmpmo~ cmomph~daoy/ Ghkdkh @hiihp+ hohi~ap `apo do ~bm 84=6y+ }ymy ~bmh~mp hon vmplap*jhoim hp~y+ bdy~apt+ hon ipd~dihk yaidhk ndyia}pym
 
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