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Eng.empoderamiento Social y Economico de Las Mujeres y Su Impacto a Diferentes Niveles

Eng.empoderamiento Social y Economico de Las Mujeres y Su Impacto a Diferentes Niveles

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Published by: Corporación Procasur on Apr 23, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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03/29/2015

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Women’s S 
ocial and Economic Empowerment and its Impact at Different Levels
 
2
1.
 
Where does the experience take place?
The experience takes place in rural areas in El Salvador, in 96 municipalities in thefollowing departments: Ahuachapán, Santa Ana, Sonsonate, La Libertad andChalatenango. The experience involves men, women and young people over 14 livingin poor rural areas.
2.
 
What do we learn from this experience?
Identify and analyze gender the approach adopted by PREMODER and itsadoption/application by the technical team.Recognize strategic actions undertaken by the program for the empowerment of women within the organization and the business.Get to know the main features of gender gap for rural women in El Salvador and thedistribution of roles associated to it.Critically analyze impacts and outcomes of the program o
n women’s lives.
 
3.
 
What are the milestones and key moments of the experience?Disadvantaged position of women in the initial stage of the program
When the gender intervention of PREMODER’s program started, it
identified thedisadvantaged of women in relation to men, in terms of their participation in income-generating activities, as well as in organizations. It was also noted that culturallywomen were not involved in activities outside the private space of the house. Somewomen took part in organizations, but without any real participation or activity in saidorganizations. They were not involved in decision-making or in business plans. Theywere confined to the domestic sphere, as it is an activity culturally assigned to women.
Definition of gender strategy and approach
Starting from this identified initial situation, the Gender and Associativity Unit designeda strategy in order to promote gender equity in the area of intervention. It isimportant to note that the proposal was based on the real context, and thus assuringits application.
Gender and Associativity Unit
The organizational structure of the program included an Associativity and Gender Unit;the person in charge of the unit had the knowledge and experience required, the teamwas engaged in achieving proposed objectives and goals, very important aspect thatassured the implementation and monitoring of gender approach in the field.
 
Learning Route:
Tools to mainstream gender equity and women’s empowerment in IFAD’s projects: th
e experience of Central America
3
Methodology of family approach
The methodology promoted the integration and participation of men, women and youthin productive activities with business vision, based on knowledge of cultural aspectsprevalent in the population, enabling better acceptance by users.
Awareness and training for PREMODER’s technical team, Services Enterprises
and Beneficiaries
The process of gender awareness constituted a key element to sensitize variousstakeholders involved in the experience, facilitating its application and the definition of strategic lines and actions consistent with the reality of the country. Gender approachcannot be implemented if there are not sensible teams, convinced and engaged withthe generation of structural changes in attitude, in order to overcome disadvantagedsituations suffered by women in rural areas.
Developing a plan for the creation and strengthening of capacities in ruralwomen
The Associativity and Gender Unit was engaged in creating an
d developing women’s
skills and capacities for them to join rural organizations, take part in decision-makingand be protagonists of their own development.
Design and implementation of a monitoring, following up and assessmentsystem on gender aspects
With a clear definition of responsibilities and actions by individual members of thestaff, it was possible to monitor and follow up the strategies implemented in the field,in order to measure progress, miscalculations and propose improvements fordevelopment processes.
4.
 
What results and achievements have been obtained in terms of management and
women’s
empowerment?
 
At personal level
Women with full knowledge of their rights, self-assured, without fear of expressingthemselves.Women with skills developed in processing and marketing of profitable productiveactivities.The participation of women in activities outside the house was promoted throughtraining, meetings, visits and commercialization activities; in this way, they contactedpeople and experiences and, above all, contribute to their own development.With women administrating economic resources there are meaningful changes in lifeconditions of rural families supported by PREMODER, for instance, in education, health,diet, incomes to improve
women’s health, improved houses and assets acquisition.
 
 
Women’s S 
ocial and Economic Empowerment and its Impact at Different Levels
 
4
Women have strengthened and developed both their technical and human capacities,in order to exercise influence in their families and organizations with innovativeproposals and projects.Women have generated economic resources, and thus their capacity to decide on theuse and purpose of said resources has increased; which can be noticed inimprovements at personal, familiar and communal levels.Women with greater autonomy and freedom to decide how to allocate the resourcesobtained from the income-generating activities, this is translated in better genderrelations.Women able to leave their homes and communities, with some skills to negotiate andmarket their products.
At organizational level
Women are accepted in the organizational structure due to their shown capacity, indecision-making positions, acting as presidents and administrating resources.
 
Young women are performing as managers, which are privileged positions in theorganizations due to the responsibility and leading skills required.
 
Women have developed some capacities, such as public speaking, technicalabilities to defend projects at PREMODER
’s technical committee
.Beyond their organizations, some women have been able to participate and influencein municipal offices.More women leading profitable businesses.
Women’s participation in productive projects has contributed to generate incomes,
employment opportunities and acquisition of assets for the benefit of their families.
As consequence of men’s
recognition
and acknowledgment of women’s contribution toproductive initiatives, women’s self 
-esteem has increased.Men and women are empowered with their projects, demonstrating negotiating skillswith self-sustainable approach and transparency in funds management.The organizational structures have identified equity gaps in their organizations,implementing actions to reduce them and increase their management capacity.
At familiar level
Men and women with literacy skills and
analysis of the organization’s environment
;through
their projects’ management they know, assess and monitor members’ learning
processes.Men, women, boys and girls receive social benefits generated by their managementcapacity with NGOs and GOs.Women with full knowledge of sexual and reproductive health, as a fundamental rightto advance their lives.

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