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Actividades de I+D e innovación en las regiones de Europa: Indicadores y experiencias de éxito (Es)/ R & D and innovation activities in European regions (Spanish)/ I + G eta berrikuntza jarduerak Europako eskualdeetan (Es)

Actividades de I+D e innovación en las regiones de Europa: Indicadores y experiencias de éxito (Es)/ R & D and innovation activities in European regions (Spanish)/ I + G eta berrikuntza jarduerak Europako eskualdeetan (Es)

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Published by: EKAI Center on Apr 24, 2012
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 @kx`o{ o c'h o mma`kûm om l`{~odamo{ o Ou~ar`: cmk`a~o{ sovro~omk`{ o ãvxa
 @m` I`~é` Eo~màmoz Rã~ozI`~é` hala~o{ Loûm ^a~éduoz
_mo~{` o Kàz
^okcncha, I`~a ho >22?7 Uo~{cûm m`l `korx`h`, Hckcoin~o ho >22?-R@L@N^@[ KL@UO: C'H o Cmma`kcûm ^ocam`l, ^ocamo{ ho Ou~ar`GOSTA^H[: ^%H `mh ^ocam`l Cmma`xcam, Ou~aro`m ^ocam{Kl`{ck`kcûm JOL: A06
^O[_IOMO{xo x~`n`ja {o komx~` om l` cira~x`mkc` ho l`{ kuo{xcamo{ ~ocam`lo{ r`~` l` kair~om{cûm hol` mo{c{ ho l` cmma`kcûm, `m`lc`mha l` hciom{cûm ~ocam`l ho l` C'H s l` cmma`kcûm ` x~`{ hola{ `kxa~o{ a kamhckcam`mxo{ puo {uns`kom x~`{ ol vcxa cmma`ha~ ho hoxo~icm`h`{ ~ocamo{ omOu~ar` s ~o`lc`mha um `mlc{c{ ho xcra kair`~`xca ho l` cmma`kcûm s ol k`inca xkmcka ` x~`{ hocmhck`ha~o{ ~ocam`lo{ ~ol`kcam`ha{ kam o{x`{ `kxcch`ho{ r~o{x`mha o{rokc`l `xomkcûm ` la{ ~o{ul)x`ha{ r`~` @mh`luk` kam l` cmxomkcûm ho kamako~ {u ra{ckcûm ~ol`xc` om ol kamxovxa ho Ou~ar`- @N[X^@KX Xfc{ r`ro~ aku{o{ am cira~x`mko a ~ocam`l puo{xcam{ xa umho~{x`mh cmma`xcam, `m`ls{cmxfo ~ocam`l hciom{cam a ^%H `mh cmma`xcam `kxccxco{ xf~auf umho~lscm `kxa~{ a~ kamhcxcamo~{xa ovrl`cm {aio {ukko{{ ~ocam{ cm Ou~aro `mh {xuhscm am ` kair`~`xco cot a xfo cmma`xcam`mh xokfmck`l kf`mo {aio ~ocam`l cmhck`xa~{, tcxf {rokc`l `xxomxcam xa @mh`lu{c`m ~o{ulx{-
0- CMX^AH_KKCÛM
Ol uo~xo ho{oa ho kamako~ l`{ ~`amo{ puo ju{xck`m l` kamkomx~`kcûm hol`{ cmma`kcamo{ om uma{ lu`~o{ u ax~a{ f` llo`ha om iulxcxuh ho ak`{camo{ `cmxomx`~ ovrlck`~ l` `laio~`kcûm ho oir~o{`{ cmma`ha~`{ om hoxo~icm`h`{ am`{oa~k`{- Ol k`inca r~ahukcha om l` kamkorkcûm ho l` a~`mc`kcûm cmhu{x~c`lllo` ` {uro~`~ ol {c{xoi` r~ahukxca x~`hckcam`l om r~a ho um` i`sa~ eovcnclch`h oml`{ oir~o{`{ s ` h`~ k`h` o i`sa~ r~ax`amc{ia ` l`{ ~ol`kcamo{ omx~o oir~o){`{ s ` l` omo~`kcûm ho kamakcicomxa s `r~omhc`jo s, kam olla, ` l`{ `kxcxuho{ ho
^OUC[X@ HO O[X_HCA[ ^OdCAM@LO[ Mº 45, C-[-[-M-: 2>0;)4?6? &>225#, RR- 44)02;
 
46 @M@ I@^é@ eO^MàMHOz Rã^Oz ! I@^é@ HALA^O[ LOÛM ^AH^éd_Oz
^OUC[X@ HO O[X_HCA[ ^OdCAM@LO[ Mº 45, C-[-[-M-: 2>0;)4?6? &>225#, RR- 44)02;
kaaro~`kcûm s kal`na~`kcûm om ol r~ako{a ho k`inca xkmcka, {cxu`mha ` l` ~ocûm,ra~ `~uiomxa{ ho k`~kxo~ {akca)okamûicka{, kaia ol incxa xo~~cxa~c`l i{`hoku`ha r`~` l` omo~`kcûm hol kamakcicomxa- L` ovrlck`kcûm ho l`{ hc{k~or`mkc`{~ocam`lo{ om k~okcicomxa s oirloa {o omkuomx~`, om ~`m r`~xo, om l`{ hco~omkc`{om cmma`kcûm, `r~omhc`jo s hcu{cûm ho l`{ xokmala`{ omx~o l`{ hc{xcmx`{ ~ocamo{kus`{ cira~x`mxo{ cirlck`kcamo{ `m ` kamhckcam`~ l` o{x~`xoc` ho ralxck` ~ocam`l,cmhu{x~c`l s xokmalûck` om l` ro~{rokxc` hol ho{`~~alla omhûoma ho l`{ ~ocamo{-L` kl`o o{x om ol kamkorxa ho `r~omhc`jo kalokxca
0
&kallokxco lo`~mcm# ho l`{~ocamo{ s om l`{ ovxo~m`lch`ho{ ho~c`h`{ ho l`{ okamai`{ ho `laio~`kcûm
>
r`~`ol kamjumxa hol {c{xoi` puo {o omo~`m, omx~o ax~`{ k`u{`{, kaia kam{okuomkc` hol`{ o{x~`xoc`{ ho `kkcûm s `kxu`kcûm hol {okxa~ rúnlcka-Ol anjoxca puo ro~{oucia{ om o{xo x~`n`ja o{ `m`lc`~ l` hciom{cûm ~ocam`lho l` C'H s l` cmma`kcûm `rlck`ha `l incxa oa~ka ho l`{ ~ocamo{ ho Ou~ar`-R`~` olla kaiom`ia{ ~o`lc`mha um` n~oo ~oc{cûm ho l` lcxo~`xu~` kcomxk` ovc{)xomxo `ko~k` ho l` ara~xumch`h s x~`{komhomkc` ho l`{ kuo{xcamo{ ~ocam`lo{ r`~` l`kair~om{cûm ho l` mo{c{ ho l` cmma`kcûm- Hohck`ia{ ol xo~ko~ or~`o ` `m`lc`~pu `kxa~o{ a hoxo~icm`mxo{ {uns`kom x~`{ ol vcxa cmma`ha~ ho hoxo~icm`h`{~ocamo{ om Ou~ar`- @ kamxcmu`kcûm {o ~o`lc` um `mlc{c{ ho xcra kair`~`xca ho l`cmma`kcûm s ol k`inca xkmcka ` x~`{ ho `~ca{ cmhck`ha~o{, r~o{x`mha o{rokc`l`xomkcûm ` la{ ~o{ulx`ha{ r`~` @mh`luk` kam l` cmxomkcûm ho `o~cu`~ {u ra{ckcûm~ol`xc` om ol kamxovxa ho l`{ ~ocamo{ ho Ou~ar`- Ra~ úlxcia ovramh~oia{ l`{r~cmkcr`lo{ kamklu{camo{ puo {o ho~c`m ho o{xo x~`n`ja-
>- HCIOM[CÛM ^OdCAM@L HO L@ CMMAU@KCÛM S OL K@INCA XãKMCKA:IAHOLA[ XO^^CXA^C@LO[ HO CMMAU@KCÛM
La{ o{xuhca{ om i`xo~c` ho cmma`kcûm {oð`l`m l` cmxo~horomhomkc` ho`kxa~o{ okamûicka{, ralxcka{ s kulxu~`lo{ s l` k~okcomxo cira~x`mkc` ho l` r~avc)ich`h r`~` cirul{`~ o{x`{ `kxcch`ho{ o cmeuc~ om la{ r~ako{a{ cmma`ha~o{- L`r~avcich`h o{r`kc`l, {akc`l s kulxu~`l `a~oko, ra~ x`mxa, `puolla{ r~ako{a{ hocmxo~k`inca puo ho{k`m{`m om l` kam`m` s moko{cx`m kamx`kxa{ cmxo~ro~{am`lo{ko~k`ma{ &Ga{kf`xgs s [xo~mno~, >222#- Ro~a ma xah`{ l`{ ~ocamo{ {am cu`lo{-L`{ k`r`kch`ho{ xokmalûck`{ ma o{xm umca~ioiomxo ~or`~xch`{ omx~o oll`{- Ho`f puo ma {o ruoh` o{ro~`~ l` ovc{xomkc` ho `~ur`icomxa{ ho oir~o{`{ om xah`{
0-
Ol `r~omhc`jo kalokxca {o omxcomho kaia l` k`r`kch`h hol iohca cmma`ha~ &
 cmma`xco iclcou
# houm` ~ocûm r`~xckul`~ r`~` omo~`~ a `kclcx`~ ol kaira~x`icomxa cmma`ha~ om l`{ oir~o{`{ icoin~a{ho hckfa omxa~ma-
>-
Cmxo~`kkcamo{ a cmxo~horomhomkc`{ ma kaio~kc`lc`nlo{ a
umx~`hoh cmxo~horomhomkco{
-
 
43 @KXCUCH@HO[ HO C'H O CMMAU@KCÛM OM L@[ ^OdCAMO[ HO O_^AR@: CMHCK@HA^O[‥
^OUC[X@ HO O[X_HCA[ ^OdCAM@LO[ Mº 45, C-[-[-M-: 2>0;)4?6? &>225#, RR- 44)02;
oll`{, s` puo `lum`{ xcomom la puo {o homaicm` ol “k`rcx`l {akc`l’ puo `a~oko~ l``r`~ckcûm ho oir~o{`{ cmhu{x~c`lo{ ho `lx` xokmala`, icomx~`{ puo om ax~`{ ~ocamo{ma {o h`m o{`{ kamhckcamo{ `a~okoha~`{ ho l` cmma`kcûm-Llo`ha{ ` o{xo rumxa ±kûia rahoia{ ovrlck`~ l` r`~`haj` ovc{xomxo `ko~k` hol` k~okcomxo cira~x`mkc` ho l` r~avcich`h lak`l s ho la{ `~ur`icomxa{ oa~ka{om um xcoira om ol puo l` lan`lc`kcûm r`~oko haicm`~ l` `kxcch`h okamûick`1- @uh~ox{kf &0336# ovrlck` puo l` lan`lc`kcûm s l` ~oalukcûm om l`{ xokmala`{f`m ho{omk`hom`ha um k`inca om l` omx`j` kair`~`xc` x~`hckcam`l ho la{ r`{o{ho{`~~all`ha{ xai`mha l`{ `kxcch`ho{ cmma`ha~`{ um i`sa~ r~ax`amc{ia kam umcmk~oiomxa om ol `la~ puo xai`m l`{ `kxcch`ho{ puo {o n`{`m om ol kamakcicomxa- S, kaia puco~` puo {xo {o omo~` s {o x~`m{icxo i{ kcliomxo ` x~`{ ho k`m`lo{ho r~avcich`h lak`l, o{x`{ `kxcch`ho{ xcomhom ` `~ur`~{o homx~a ho um` am` oa)~k` o{rokk`- O{x` ro~{rokxc` f` ho{omk`hom`ha um k`inca ~`hck`l a~ccm`mhahco~{a{ iahola{ xo~~cxa~c`lo{ ho cmma`kcûm kaia homaicm`kcûm om~ck` r`~``puoll`{ ro~{rokxc`{ om l`{ ku`lo{ l` hcmick` o{r`kc`l `hpuco~o um` cira~x`mkc`ho{x`k`h` &Ao~loi`m{ ox `l-, 0333, >220`, >220n7 Iaul`o~x s [ogc`, >22;#-Ho{x`k`m, om o{xo {omxcha, ol kamjumxa ho `uxa~o{ `luxcm`ha{ om xa~ma `ld^OIC &
D~auroiomx ho ^okfo~kfo Ou~arãom {u~ lo{ Iclcouv Cmma`xou~{
# &^`xxc ox`l-, 0334#, kus` cho` r~cmkcr`l c~` om xa~ma `l
 iclcou cmma`xou~ 
om`xc`mha ol r`rolhol raxomkc`l cm{xcxukcam`l omhûoma r`~` omo~`~ oir~o{`{ cmma`ha~`{- Ra~ {ur`~xo, la{ `m`lc{x`{ ho la{ hc{x~cxa{ cmhu{x~c`lo{ &
 cmhu{x~c`l hc{x~ckx{
# &R`kc s _{`c, >222#,om l` ic{i` lmo` puo l` ro~{rokxc` ho la{ {c{xoi`{ ho r~ahukkcûm lak`l &
 lak`lczoh  r~ahukxcam {s{xoi{
# om`xc`m l` k`r`kch`h ho cmma`kcûm ho oir~o{`{ ro~xomo)kcomxo{ ` l` ic{i` cmhu{x~c` s `l ic{ia o{r`kca oa~ka o{x`nlokcmha{o uo~xo{~ol`kcamo{ omx~o oll`{ s kam ax~a{ `omxo{ hol omxa~ma n`{`h`{ om l` kam`m` skaincm`mha kairoxomkc` s kaaro~`kcûm- Cu`liomxo ho{x`k` l` ro~{rokxc` ho l`o{kuol` k`lca~mc`m` ho oa~`` okamûick` om xa~ma ` l` homaicm`kcûm ho muoa{o{r`kca{ cmhu{x~c`lo{ &
 mot cmhu{x~c`l {r`ko{
# &[kaxx, 0332# s puo kaincm` rumxa{ hoc{x` `ko~k` ho la{ hc{x~cxa{ cmhu{x~c`lo{, l` hcmick` o{r`kc`l s lak`l s la{ {c{xoi`{ho r~ahukkcûm eovcnlo, cm{c{xcomha om {u ~`m k`r`kch`h r`~` l` `h`rx`kcûm s l``harkcûm ho k`inca{ om l` a~`mc`kcûm-Kaia um` k`xoa~` `hckcam`l s o{x~okf`iomxo ~ol`kcam`h` kam l` ro~{rokxc`ho Ra~xo~, la{ klu{xo~{ cmma`ha~o{ &
klu{xo~{ a cmma`xcam
# &Om~cfx, 033?# r~ara~kca)m`m rumxa{ ho c{x` kairloiomx`~ca{ ` l` ~ol`kcûm omx~o k`r`kch`h ho cmma`kcûm sxo~~cxa~ca `l o{x`~ cu`liomxo cmkul`ha{ ` um o{r`kca lak`l a ~ocam`l- Om ol klu{xo~ l`a~i` ho kaaro~`kcûm {uolo {o~ ho{k~cx` kaia um` {o~co ho ~ol`kcamo{
 cmrux)auxrux
,ho xcra o~xck`l, {cucomha l` k`hom` ho `la~ s xo~~cxa~c`liomxo cmxo~`h`-Kaia r~ahukxa{ ho o{x`{ xomhomkc`{ {o f`m ho{`~~all`ha muoa{ kamkorxa{puo a~ccm`m iahola{ `hckcam`lo{ ho cmma`kcûm xo~~cxa~c`l kaia la{ {c{xoi` ~oca)m`lo{ ho cmma`kcûm s l`{ ~ocamo{ om `r~omhc`jo-

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